Hemicelluloses and Lignin in Biorefineries: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Hemicelluloses and Lignin in Biorefineries

1st Edition

By Jean-Luc Wertz, Magali Deleu, Séverine Coppée, Aurore Richel

CRC Press

308 pages | 51 Color Illus. | 95 B/W Illus.

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Description

Hemicelluloses and Lignin in Biorefineries provides an understanding of lignocellulosic biomass, which is mainly composed of cellulose, hemicelluloses, and lignin. It promotes the valorization of these molecules in the context of the bioeconomy and presents hemicelluloses and lignin, which are generated in lignocellulosic biorefineries, as the molecules of the future. The viability of these molecules lies in their renewability and potential. This book covers all aspects of hemicelluloses and lignin including structure, biosynthesis, extraction, biodegradation, and conversion. The book also looks ahead to the socioeconomic and environmental value of biobased industry and emphasizes an understanding of the potential of lignocellulosic biomass.

Reviews

"The authors, internationally recognized experts in their field, provide a very valuable piece of work for those who want to discover the bioeconomy concept and how it is translated today when it comes to the valorization of lignocellulosic biomass. This book provides the scientific base needed to address the biorefinery concept. easily accessible to college students, and it also provides relevant references that will allow the reader to go deeper into the concepts."

—Florent Allais,AgroParisTech, France

"The table of contents is well organized, enabling the readers and/or the users to easily find the information they are looking for, but also to decide the chapters they want to read or share. I really want to have the book for my organization because it is a priority area of interest for us and also a fast-moving area."

— Philippe Mengal,Bio-Based Industries, Brussels, Belgium

"This is a very interesting book focusing on modern biorefineries. The reader will find precious information about bioeconomy and the bio-based programs developed in the USA and in Europe, but also about the molecular mechanism and the processes underlying biomass transformation. This lavishly illustrated book is a wonderful window on the world of hemicellulose and lignin biorefineries."

—Dimitri Gilis, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium

"Bio-economy through bio-refinery science and technology is going to sound the death knell for the conventional petroleum-based industry. Undoubtedly this book highlights the remarkable and unique benefits offered by bio-refinery of lignocelluloses and lignin."

—Philippe Dubois,University of Mons, Belgium

"Hemicelluloses and lignin are the promising feedstocks for a sustainable bioeconomy. This book gives a very detailed overview of the state of play of the synthesis, structure, degradation and possible valorization, and will be useful for students, academic and industrial scientists as well as other professionals who would like to know more about these feedstocks."

— Dirk Carrez,Bio-Based Industries, Brussels, Belgium

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Introduction

1.1 Bioeconomy and Circular Economy

1.2 Bioeconomy

1.3 Biobased Economy

1.4 Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)

1.5 Lignocellulosic Biomass

1.6 Plant Cell Wall

1.7 Lignocellulosic Biorefineries

1.8 Structure of the Book

1.9 References

Chapter 2 Carbohydrate-Active Enzymes

2.1 Glycosyltransferases

2.2 Glycoside Hydrolases

2.3 Esterases

2.4 References

Chapter 3 Cellulose, the Major Component of Biomass and Plant Cell Wall

3.1 Structure

3.2. Biosynthesis

3.3 Enzymatic Hydrolysis

3.4 References

Chapter 4 Structure and Biosynthesis of Hemicelluloses

4.1. Introduction

4.2 Structure and Occurrence

4.3 Biosynthesis

4.4 Structure and Function in Plant Cell Walls

4.5 Summary

4.6 References

Chapter 5 Biodegradation of Hemicelluloses

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Biodegradation of Xyloglucans

5.3 Biodegradation of Xylans

5.4 Biodegradation of Mannans and Glucomannans

5.5 Biodegradation of Arabinans, Galactans and Arabinogalactans

5.5 Perspectives

5.6 References

Chapter 6 Structure and Biosynthesis of Lignin

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Lignin precursors, the Monolignols

6.3 Lignin Distribution in Plants and Tissues

6.4 Evolution of Lignification

6.5 Regulation of Lignification

6.6 Transport and Polymerization

6.7 Structure and Function in Plant Cell Walls

6.8 Research

6.9 References

Chapter 7 Biodegradation of Lignin

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Fungi and Bacteria

7.3 Fungal Extracellular Ligninases

7.4. Non-Lignocellulolytic Lignocellulose Degradation

7.5 Summary

7.6 Perspectives

7.7 References

Chapter 8 Pretreatments of Lignocellulosic Biomass

8.1 Introduction

8.2 Different Pretreatments

8.3 Summary

8.4 References

Chapter 9 Valorization of Hemicelluloses

9.1 Introduction

9.2 Seed Storage Hemicelluloses and Other Hemicelluloses

9.3 Papermaking: Value Prior to Pulping

9.4 Biorefineries

9.5 References

Chapter 10 Valorization of Lignin

10.1 Introduction

10.2 Main Processes for Lignin Extraction

10.3 Properties and Applications of Extracted Lignins

10.4 Industrial Applications and Biorefining Projects

10.5 Conclusions and Outlook

10.6 References

Chapter 11 Perspectives

11.1 Introduction

11.2 Representative Programs in the USA

11.3 Biobased Economy in the USA

11.4 Representative Programs in the EU

11.5 Biobased Economy in Europe

11.6 Building Blocks from Biomass

11.7 The Sustainability Challenge

11.8 References

Glossary

About the Authors

Jean-Luc Wertz holds degrees in Chemical Civil Engineering and in Economic Science from Catholic University of Louvain, as well as a PhD from the same university in Applied Science, specializing in polymer chemistry. He has held various international positions in R&D, including Spontex, where he was worldwide director of R&D. He holds several patents related to various products. Jean-Luc Wertz is now Project Manager in biomass valorization at ValBiom and has worked for more than 8 years on lignocellulosic biorefineries and biobased products. He also wrote two books in 2010 and 2013.

After completing a Master's degree in chemical sciences, Séverine Coppée got a PhD degree in Material Sciences at the University of Mons, Belgium. She then worked as a postdoctoral fellow in the field of organic photovoltaics in the US first and then for Materia Nova research center, Belgium. Since 2014, Dr. Coppée has been a project manager for GreenWin competitiveness cluster in Wallonia and is supporting the cluster members with building up biobased chemistry research projects through various funding opportunities, particularly in the framework of the Bio-Based Industries Consortium (BIC) of which GreenWin is an effective member. She is also an LCA advisor involved in the Life Cycle in Practice European project (co-funded by the LIFE + Environment Policy and Governance Programme of the EU) of which GreenWin is a partner. The LCiP project helps SMEs in France, Belgium, Portugal and Spain to reduce the environmental impacts of their products and services across the entire life cycle.

Magali Deleu holds a Master's degree in Chemical Engineering and Bioindustries from Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech (University of Liege), as well as a PhD degree from the same University in Agricultural Sciences and Biological Engineering. After a postdoc at Lund University in Sweden, Dr. Deleu got a permanent position since 2003 as Research Associate and since 2014 as Senior Research Associate at Belgium National Funds for Scientific Research (F.R.S. - F.N.R.S.) at Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech in the Laboratory of Molecular Biophysics at Interfaces. She is engaged in research and education concerning the physico-chemical and membrane properties of surfactants from biomass. Her main research interest is to explore the molecular mechanisms involved in the perception of structurally different amphiphilic molecules by biological membranes. She has published about seventy papers on this topic.

Aurore Richel holds a degree in Chemical Sciences and PhD in Chemistry from University of Liege. Prof. Richel is currently Professor and Head of the Laboratory of Biological and Industrial Chemistry at the University of Liege. She is engaged in research and education in the fields of biological chemistry, biorefining and industrial technologies. Prof. Richel is involved in numerous projects and industrial collaborations, specializing in the following areas: optimized use of vegetal biomass and waste for bioproducts and biofuels and development of new methodologies with low environmental footprints. She has published dozens publications on this topic.

About the Series

Green Chemistry and Chemical Engineering

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI010000
SCIENCE / Biotechnology
SCI013000
SCIENCE / Chemistry / General
TEC021000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Material Science