Hemoparasites of the Reptilia: Color Atlas and Text, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Hemoparasites of the Reptilia

Color Atlas and Text, 1st Edition

By Sam R. Telford, Jr.

CRC Press

376 pages | 83 Color Illus. | 83 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2008-10-07
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Every researcher or diagnostician working with reptiles has faced the challenge of identifying reptile hemoparasites and then determining whether they are of importance or merely incidental. Another challenge is how to easily find the information required to make the proper identification. A distillation of knowledge from world-renowned expert Sam R. Telford, Jr, Hemoparasites of the Reptilia: Color Atlas and Text provides a comprehensive compilation of information on how to differentiate between the myriad species of reptile hemoparasites.

The atlas provides diagnoses for 262 species of plasmodiids, hemogregarines, hemococcidians, trypansosomes, and leishmanias, including descriptions of eight new species or new taxonomic designations. It also discusses lesser known groups, such as piroplasms, rickettsiae, chlamydia, and erythrocytic viruses. Each genus and many species are represented among the 166 taxa illustrated in color. The species accounts contain host and geographic distribution, with precise localities when possible, prevalence, life cycles and vectors when known, effects upon the host, and ecology of the host-parasite relationship, morphological variation, and an exhaustive bibliography. The book also includes an illustrated key showing diagnostic characters.

Telford draws on his 45 years of experience and his personal collection, considered the world’s most complete, to provide information on the morphology of the unicellular parasites of reptilian blood. He includes information from hard-to-find original papers and articles from sources throughout the world. The illustrated key and photomicrographs from Telford’s collection make identifying species quicker and easier.


"Why should Copeia’s readers view Telford’s monograph as a must-have for their private or university library? … there is a commotion in the blood when parasite species compete and conspecific genotypes interact in complex ways, so reptiles provide useful models for studies of the ecology of parasites. The first step to enter this world is to identify the parasites. I have been asked many times how to do this and now Hemoparasites of the Reptilia provides a place for anyone to get started.

The quality of this volume is superb, with the highest quality paper and printing. It is a pleasure to hold and peruse. … With the publication of Hemoparasites of the Reptilia, herpetologists can readily identify the parasites and get started on new and intriguing research projects. The lifetime of research by Dr. Telford on display in this monograph should inspire generations of scholars to do just that."

—Jos. J. Schall, Department of Biology, University of Vermont, Copeia, December 2012

"Reptile blood parasites and Sam Telford are synonymous. After more than 45 years dedicated research in numerous countries on three continents the author has collated all his knowledge and expertise from over 10,000 positive blood smears in producing a reference book in this specialised area which will be the standard source of taxonomic data for decades…. Overall the volume describes more than 260 taxons (including descriptions of 8 new species) of which almost 170 are illustrated…. Sam Telford has produced a reference volume that will be the standard for decades to come and is unlikely to be surpassed. Every veterinarian, biologist, parasitologist and institution involved with reptile conservation, health and disease should have a copy available. This is an investment that no reference book-shelf can afford to be without."

—Michael A Peirce, MP International Consultancy, East Sussex, UK

Table of Contents

The Plasmodiid Parasites

Morphology and Life Cycles

Ultrastructure of Reptilian Plasmodiids

Taxonomic Characters

Species Accounts

The Hemogregarines





Species Accounts



The Hemococcidia of Lizards

Apicomplexa: Eimeriorina

Species Accounts

Kinetoplastida, Trypanosomatidae


Species Accounts

Sauroleishmania Parasites of Reptiles

Species Accounts



Species Accounts

Parasites of Uncertain Relationship

Prokaryotic Parasites of Reptilian Blood Cells

Rickettsiales: Aegyptianella

Chlamydial Infection of Reptilian Leukocytes

Viral Infections of Circulating Blood Cells

Poxvirus Infection of Leukocytes

Iridovirus Infections of Erythrocytes

Literature Cited

Appendix: The Identification of Reptilian Hemoparasites


Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
MEDICAL / Veterinary Medicine / General
MEDICAL / Veterinary Medicine / Food Animal
NATURE / Animals / General
SCIENCE / Life Sciences / Zoology / General