Dr Henri de Rothschild was a fifth generation Rothschild and perhaps the most famous of the Paris Rothschilds of the fin-de-siècle period. A 'sleeping partner' of the bank and the non-drinking owner of Mouton-Rothschild, Henri spent much of his life building medical institutions and promoting scientific medicine, including the promotion of Ehrlich's Salvarsan to cure syphilis and the use of radium to cure cancer. His hospital in a working class area of northern Paris boasted the latest in medical advances. Henri was particularly influential in developing the new science of infant feeding, while his broader concerns with infant health led to his playing a prominent role in the development of the specialty of pediatrics. This biography of Henri de Rothschild focuses on his medical achievements and that of his close family in France. Henri, his wife Mathilde and his mother Thérèse all had busy medical careers during World War I. The book also gives an account of both women's experiences of the war. Along with his explicitly scientific medical concerns, Henri was also a prolific playwright and, under the pseudonym André Pascal, wrote several plays about doctors. This book situates the plays, and particularly the themes of charlatanism, women doctors and medical ethics, in their contemporary context of the social and medical life of Paris. A fascinating and vividly written study of a somewhat neglected figure in the history of the illustrious Rothschild family, this book will make a valuable addition to the libraries of scholars in the history of medicine and those studying child health and welfare, the portrayal of doctors in literature, and more broadly the social and cultural life of early-twentieth century Paris.
Table of Contents
Contents: Introduction: resurrecting Baron Henri de Rothschild, MD; Part I The Rothschild Family Medical Tradition: The hospital that James Mayer ('le grand baron') built; The Rothschild children's hospital at Berck-sur-Mer; An education at the Paris Faculty of Medicine; Henri de Rothschild's medical empire in Paris; The science of infant feeding; A new medical speciality:pediatrics; Rothschild medical service in World War I. Part II Rothschild's Hippocratic Theater: The doctor-playwright; Doctor-charlatans in contemporary society (circa 1900); Medical ethics: Le Caducée; The female doctor's dilemma: La Vocation. Conclusion: the 1930s: medical GÃ¶tterdammerÃ¼ng; Bibliography; Index.
Harry W. Paul is Professor Emeritus at the University of Florida, USA. Among his publications are Science, Vine and Wine in Modern France (1996) and Bacchic Medicine: Wine and Alcohol Therapies from Napoleon to the French Paradox (2001). He is now writing a book on the history of women doctors.
'Harry Paul’s book is [...] interesting and valuable... not only does it provide a glimpse into the life of the man himself, but it also gives the reader a useful introduction to the medical and social history of late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century France.' French Studies '... a fascinating, thorough and detailed scientific and social history of medicine in early twentieth-century France with a focus on the specific areas where Henri de Rothschild’s activities held pride of place. Harry Paul’s expertise and erudition as an intellectual historian of science shines through.' Social History of Medicine 'Overall, this book is readable and engaging, providing fascinating detail about the life of this lesser-known member of one of modern history’s best-known families. Paul does an especially excellent job of re-creating the world of medical education, training, and practice in late nineteenth-century Paris. It is bound to be of interest to historians of medicine, in particular, but also to historians seeking to learn more about French cultural life under the Third Republic, as well as those more specifically interested in expanding their knowledge of the history of the Rothschild family.' Journal of Modern History