Based on a transnational study of decommissioned, postcolonial prisons in Taiwan (Taipei and Chiayi), South Korea (Seoul), and China (Lushun), this book offers a critical reading of prisons as a particular colonial product, the current restoration of which as national heritage is closely related to the evolving conceptualization of punishment. Focusing on the colonial prisons built by the Japanese Empire in the first half of the twentieth century, it illuminates how punishment has been considered a subject of modernization, while the contemporary use of prisons as heritage tends to reduce the process of colonial modernity to oppression and atrocity – thus constituting a heritage of shame and death, which postcolonial societies blame upon the former colonizers. A study of how the remembering of punishment and imprisonment reflects the attempts of postcolonial cities to re-articulate an understanding of the present by correcting the past, Heritage, Memory, and Punishment examines how prisons were designed, built, partially demolished, preserved, and redeveloped across political regimes, demonstrating the ways in which the selective use of prisons as heritage, reframed through nationalism, leaves marks on urban contexts that remain long after the prisons themselves are decommissioned. As such, it will appeal to scholars of sociology, geography, the built environment, and heritage with interests in memory studies and dark tourism.
"Shu-Mei Huang and Hyun Kyung Lee provide a new, East Asian, and transnational take on prisons as places of pain and shame—a major contribution to the heritage literature. They analyze the building of prisons by colonial Japan in China, Korea and Taiwan and their rebirth as heritage sites designed to restore national honour and strengthen national cohesion. The authors show, nevertheless, that the sites remain caught up in shifting regional geopolitics, their multiple interpretations generating international tensions that can only be resolved at the diplomatic level." - William Logan, Professor Emeritus, Deakin University, Australia
"Sites of Japan’s colonial incarceration relate to both the authority of geography and the power of heritage history. Huang and Lee both demonstrate in their ground-breaking volume how these often punitive forms of colonial modernity were then later consumed, reshaped or destroyed in the ensuing years of national and international debates about the legacies of empire." - Barak Kushner, Professor of East Asian History, University of Cambridge, UK
Introduction: Articulating the Heritage of Punishment
1. Modernizing Punishment in East Asia
2. Grades of Remembering Colonial Prisons
3. Flows In and Out of Prisons Throughout the Empire
4. Lushun Russo-Japan Prison: Accidental Heritage at the Crossroads of Colonialities
5. Landscaping the State of Independence out of the Colonial Prison: the Seodaemun Prison in Seoul
6. Memories Displaced at the Colonial Margin: The Cases in Taiwan
7. Re-articulation of Places of Pain and Shame into a World Heritage?
8. Disarticulation and Eradication of Dissonant Place in Replicating a Roppongi Hills in Taipei
Replicating Roppongi Hills in Taipei?
Conclusion: Rebirth of Prisons as Heritage in Postcolonial East Asia
Memory Studies as an academic field of cultural inquiry emerges at a time when global public debates, buttressed by the fragmentation of nation states and their traditional narratives, have greatly accelerated. Societies are today pregnant with newly unmediated memories, once sequestered in broad collective representations and their ideological stances. But, the ‘past in the present’ has returned with a vengeance in the early 21st Century, and with it an expansion of categories of cultural experience and meaning. This new series explores the social and cultural stakes around forgetting, useful forgetting and remembering, locally, regionally, nationally and globally. It welcomes studies of migrant memory from failed states; micro-histories battling against collective memories; the mnemonic past of emotions; the mnemonic spatiality of sites of memory; and the reconstructive ethics of memory in the face of galloping informationalization, as this renders the ‘mnemonic’ more and more public and publically accessible.