Heterostructured Materials : Novel Materials with Unprecedented Mechanical Properties book cover
1st Edition

Heterostructured Materials
Novel Materials with Unprecedented Mechanical Properties

Edited By

Xiaolei Wu


Yuntian Zhu

ISBN 9789814877107
Published November 25, 2021 by Jenny Stanford Publishing
858 Pages 53 Color & 243 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

Heterostructured (HS) materials represent an emerging class of materials that are expected to become a major research field for the communities of materials, mechanics, and physics in the next couple of decades. One of the biggest advantages of HS materials is that they can be produced by large-scale industrial facilities and technologies and therefore can be commercialized without the scaling up and high-cost barriers that are often encountered by other advanced materials. This book collects recent papers on the progress in the field of HS materials, especially their fundamental physics. The papers are arranged in a sequence of chapters that will help new researchers entering the field to have a quick and comprehensive understanding of HS materials, including the fundamentals and recent progress in their processing, characterization, and properties.

Table of Contents

Part 1: Perspective and Overview 
1. Heterogeneous Materials: A New Class of Materials with Unprecedented Mechanical Properties 
Xiaolei Wu and Yuntian Zhu 
2. Perspective on Heterogeneous Deformation Induced (HDI) Hardening and Work Hardening 
Yuntian Zhu and Xiaolei Wu 
3. Ductility and Plasticity of Nanostructured Metals: Differences and Issues 
Yuntian Zhu and Xiaolei Wu 
Part 2: Fundamentals of Heterostructured Materials 
4. Extraordinary Strain Hardening by Gradient Structure   
Xiaolei Wu, Ping Jiang, Liu Chen, Fuping Yuan, and Yuntian Zhu 
5. Heterostructured Lamella Structure Unites Ultrafine-Grain Strength with Coarse-Grain Ductility 
Xiaolei Wu, Muxin Yang, Fuping Yuan, Guilin Wu, Yujie Wei, Xiaoxu Huang, and Yuntian Zhu 
6. Synergetic Strengthening by Gradient Structure 
X. L. Wu, P. Jiang, L. Chen, J. F. Zhang, F. P. Yuan, and Y. T. Zhu 
7. Hetero-Deformation-Induced Strengthening and Strain Hardening in Gradient Structure 
Muxin Yang, Yue Pan, Fuping Yuan, Yuntian Zhu, and Xiaolei Wu 
8. Residual Stress Provides Significant Strengthening and Ductility in Gradient Structured Materials 
Muxin Yang, Runguang Li, Ping Jiang, Fuping Yuan, Yandong Wang, Yuntian Zhu, and Xiaolei Wu 
9. Mechanical Properties of Copper/Bronze Laminates: Role of Boundaries 
Xiaolong Ma, Chongxiang Huang, Jordan Moering, Mathis Ruppert, Heinz Werner Höppel, Mathias Göken, Jagdish Narayan, and Yuntian Zhu 
10. Hetero-Boundary-Affected Region (HBAR) for Optimal Strength and Ductility in Heterostructured Laminate 
C. X. Huang, Y. F. Wang, X. L. Ma, S. Yin, H. W. Höppel, M. Göken, X. L. Wu, H. J. Gao, and Y. T. Zhu 
11. In-situ Observation of Dislocation Dynamics Near Heterostructured Boundary 
Hao Zhou, Chongxiang Huang, Xuechao Sha, Lirong Xiao, Xiaolong Ma, Heinz Werner Höppel, Mathias Göken, Xiaolei Wu, Kei Ameyama, Xiaodong Han, and Yuntian Zhu 
12. Hetero-Deformation Induced (HDI) Hardening Does Not Increase Linearly with Strain Gradient 
Y. F. Wang, C. X. Huang, X. T. Fang, H. W. Höppel, M. Göken, and Y. T. Zhu 
13. Extra Strengthening in a Coarse/Ultrafine Grained Laminate: Role of Gradient Boundaries 
Y. F. Wang, M. S. Wang, X. T. Fang, Q. He, F. J. Guo, R. O. Scattergood, C. X. Huang, and Y. T. Zhu 
14. Ductility by Shear Band Delocalization in the Nano-Layer of Gradient Structure 
Fuping Yuan, Dingshun Yan, Jiangda Sun, Lingling Zhou, Yuntian Zhu, and Xiaolei Wu 
15. Heterostructure Induced Dispersive Shear Bands in Heterostructured Cu 
Y. F. Wang, C. X. Huang, Q. He, F. J. Guo, M. S. Wang, L. Y. Song, and Y. T. Zhu 
16. Dense Dispersed Shear Bands in Gradient-Structured Ni 
Yanfei Wang, Chongxiang Huang, Yusheng Li, Fengjiao Guo, Qiong He, Mingsai Wang, Xiaolei Wu, Ronald O. Scattergood, and Yuntian Zhu 
Part 3: Gradient Structure 
17. Combining Gradient Structure and TRIP Effect to Produce Austenite Stainless Steel with High Strength and Ductility 
Xiaolei Wu, Muxin Yang, Fuping Yuan, Liu Chen, and Yuntian Zhu 
18. Gradient Structure Produces Superior Dynamic Shear Properties 
Xiangde Bian, Fuping Yuan, Xiaolei Wu, and Yuntian Zhu 
19. On Strain Hardening Mechanism in Gradient Nanostructures 
Jianjun Li, G. J. Weng, Shaohua Chen, and Xiaolei Wu 
20. Extraordinary Bauschinger Effect in Gradient Structured Copper 
Xiaolong Liu, Fuping Yuan, Yuntian Zhu, and Xiaolei Wu 
21. Atomistic Tensile Deformation Mechanisms of Fe with Gradient Nano-Grained Structure 
Wenbin Li, Fuping Yuan, and Xiaolei Wu 
22. Strain Hardening Behaviors and Strain Rate Sensitivity of Gradient-Grained Fe under Compression over a Wide Range of Strain Rates 
Fuping Yuan, Ping Chen, Yanpeng Feng, Ping Jiang, and Xiaolei Wu 
23. Mechanical Properties and Deformation Mechanism of Mg-Al-Zn Alloy with Gradient Microstructure in Grain Size and Orientation 
Liu Chen, Fuping Yuan, Ping Jiang, Jijia Xie, and Xiaolei Wu 
24. The Evolution of Strain Gradient and Anisotropy in Gradient-Structured Metal 
Xiangde Bian, Fuping Yuan, Xiaolei Wu, and Yuntian Zhu 
25. Influence of Gradient Structure Volume Fraction on the Mechanical Properties of Pure Copper 
Xincheng Yang, Xiaolong Ma, Jordan Moering, Hao Zhou, Wei Wang, Yulan Gong, Jingmei Tao, Yuntian Zhu, and Xinkun Zhu 
26. The Role of Shear Strain on Texture and Microstructural Gradients in Low Carbon Steel Processed by Surface Mechanical Attrition Treatment 
Jordan Moering, Xiaolong Ma, Guizhen Chen, Pifeng Miao, Guozhong Li, Gang Qian, Suveen Mathaudhu, and Yuntian Zhu 
27. Bauschinger Effect and Hetero-Deformation Induced (HDI) Stress in Gradient Cu-Ge Alloy 
Xianzhi Hu, Shenbao Jin, Hao Zhou, Zhe Yin, Jian Yang, Yulan Gong, Yuntian Zhu, Gang Sha, and Xinkun Zhu 
28. Gradient Structured Copper Induced by Rotationally Accelerated Shot Peening 
X. Wang, Y. S. Li, Q. Zhang, Y. H. Zhao, and Y. T. Zhu 
29. Microstructure Evolution and Mechanical Properties of 5052 Alloy with Gradient Structures 
Yusheng Li, Lingzhen Li, Jinfeng Nie, Yang Cao, Yonghao Zhao, and Yuntian Zhu 
30. Quantifying the Synergetic Strengthening in Gradient Material 
Y. F. Wang, C. X. Huang, M. S. Wang, Y. S. Li, and Y. T. Zhu 
31. Achieving Gradient Martensite Structure and Enhanced Mechanical Properties in a Metastable β Titanium Alloy 
Xinkai Ma, Fuguo Li, Zhankun Sun, Junhua Hou, Xiaotian Fang, Yuntian Zhu, and Carl C. Koch 
Part 4: Heterogeneous Grain Structure 
32. Dynamically Reinforced Heterogeneous Grain Structure Prolongs Ductility in a Medium-Entropy Alloy with Gigapascal Yield Strength 
Muxin Yang, Dingshun Yan, Fuping Yuan, Ping Jiang, Evan Ma, and Xiaolei Wu 
33. Dynamic Shear Deformation of a CrCoNi Medium-Entropy Alloy with Heterogeneous Grain Structures 
Yan Ma, Fuping Yuan, Muxin Yang, Ping Jiang, Evan Ma, and Xiaolei Wu 
34. Superior Strength and Ductility of 316L Stainless Steel with Heterostructured Lamella Structure 
Jiansheng Li, Bo Gao, Yang Cao, Yusheng Li, and Yuntian Zhu 
Part 5: Dual-Phase Structure 
35. Strain Hardening and Ductility in a Coarse-Grain/Nanostructure Laminate Material 
X. L. Ma, C. X. Huang, W. Z. Xu, H. Zhou, X. L. Wu, and Y. T. Zhu 
36. Effect of Strain Rate on Mechanical Properties of Cu/Ni Multilayered Composites Processed by Electrodeposition 
Zhengrong Fu, Zheng Zhang, Lifang Meng, Baipo Shu, Yuntian Zhu, and Xinkun Zhu 
Part 6: Dual-Phase Structure 
37. Simultaneous Improvement of Tensile Strength and Ductility in Micro-Duplex Structure Consisting of
Austenite and Ferrite 
L. Chen, F. P. Yuan, P. Jiang, J. J. Xie, and X. L. Wu 
38. Strain Hardening in Fe–16Mn–10Al–0.86C–5Ni High Specific Strength Steel 
M. X. Yang, F. P. Yuan, Q. G. Xie, Y. D. Wang, E. Ma, and X. L. Wu 
39. Deformation Mechanisms for Superplastic Behaviors in a Dual-Phase High Specific Strength Steel with Ultrafine Grains 
Wei Wang, Muxin Yang, Dingshun Yan, Ping Jiang, Fuping Yuan, and Xiaolei Wu 
40. Plastic Deformation Mechanisms in a Severely Deformed Fe-Ni-Al-C Alloy with Superior Tensile Properties 
Yan Ma, Muxin Yang, Ping Jiang, Fuping Yuan, and Xiaolei Wu 
41. Hetero-Deformation Induced (HDI) Strengthening and Strain Hardening in Dual-Phase Steel 
X. L. Liu, Q. Q. Xue, W. Wang, L. L. Zhou, P. Jiang, H. S. Ma, F. P. Yuan, Y. G. Wei, and X. L. Wu 

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Xiaolei Wu has been a professor at the State Key Laboratory of Nonlinear Mechanics, Institute of Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, since 2003. He received his BS in Materials Science from Taiyuan University of Technology, China, in 1986, and his PhD from Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an, China, in 1995. His current research focuses on developing and understanding heterostructure and deformation physics in advanced metallic materials for structural applications.

Yuntian Zhu has recently joined the City University of Hong Kong as Chair Professor, before which he was a distinguished professor at North Carolina State University, where he worked from 2007 to 2020. He worked as a postdoc, staff member and team leader at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) until 2007 after obtaining his PhD from the University of Texas at Austin in 1994. In recent years, he has focused on the deformation mechanisms at dislocation level and mechanical behaviors of heterostructured materials, nano/ultrafine-grained materials, and carbon nanotube composites. He is an experimentalist with primary interest in fundamental aspects of materials research and also in designing materials with superior strength and ductility. Prof. Zhu and his colleagues are pioneers of the emerging field of heterostructured materials. His publications have been collectively cited over 40,000 times with a h-index of 106, according to Google Scholar. He has received the Institute of Metals Lecture and Robert Franklin Mehl Award, ASM International Albert Sauveur Award, IUMRS Sômiya Award, TMS SMD Distinguished Scientist/Engineer Award, and TMS Leadership Award. He has been elected as a fellow of TMS, MRS, APS, ASM, and AAAS.