1st Edition

High-Speed Photonics Interconnects

Edited By Lukas Chrostowski, Krzysztof Iniewski Copyright 2013
    224 Pages 150 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    223 Pages 150 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Dramatic increases in processing power have rapidly scaled on-chip aggregate bandwidths into the Tb/s range. This necessitates a corresponding increase in the amount of data communicated between chips, so as not to limit overall system performance. To meet the increasing demand for interchip communication bandwidth, researchers are investigating the use of high-speed optical interconnect architectures. Unlike their electrical counterparts, optical interconnects offer high bandwidth and negligible frequency-dependent loss, making possible per-channel data rates of more than 10 Gb/s. High-Speed Photonics Interconnects explores some of the groundbreaking technologies and applications that are based on photonics interconnects.

    From the Evolution of High-Speed I/O Circuits to the Latest in Photonics Interconnects Packaging and Lasers

    Featuring contributions by experts from academia and industry, the book brings together in one volume cutting-edge research on various aspects of high-speed photonics interconnects. Contributors delve into a wide range of technologies, from the evolution of high-speed input/output (I/O) circuits to recent trends in photonics interconnects packaging. The book discusses the challenges associated with scaling I/O data rates and current design techniques. It also describes the major high-speed components, channel properties, and performance metrics. The book exposes readers to a myriad of applications enabled by photonics interconnects technology.

    Learn about Optical Interconnect Technologies Suitable for High-Density Integration with CMOS Chips

    This richly illustrated work details how optical interchip communication links have the potential to fully leverage increased data rates provided through complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) technology scaling at suitable power-efficiency levels. Keeping the mathematics to a minimum, it gives engineers, researchers, graduate students, and entrepreneurs a comprehensive overview of the dynamic landscape of high-speed photonics interconnects.

    Energy-Efficient Photonic Interconnects for Computing Platforms
    Odile Liboiron-Ladouceur, Nicola Andriolli, Isabella Cerutti, Piero Castoldi, and Pier Giorgio Raponi

    Low-Loss, High-Performance Chip-to-Chip Electrical Connectivity Using Air-Clad Copper Interconnects
    Rohit Sharma, Rajarshi Saha, and Paul A. Kohl

    Silicon Photonic Bragg Gratings
    Xu Wang, Wei Shi, and Lukas Chrostwoski

    Lasers for Optical Interconnects
    Brian Koch

    Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Lasers for Interconnects
    Werner H.E. Hofmann

    High-Speed Photodiodes and Laser Power Converters for the Applications of Green Optical Interconnect
    Jin-Wei Shi

    Quantum-Dot Nanophotonics for Photodetection
    Ludan Huang and Lih Y. Lin

    Rolled-Up Semiconductor Tube Optical Cavities
    Pablo Bianucci, M. Hadi Tavakoli Dastjerdi, Mehrdad Djavid, and Zetian Mi


    Lukas Chrostowski, Ph.D., is an associate professor in the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department at the University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada. With current research interests in silicon photonics, optoelectronics, high-speed vertical-cavity surface emitting lasers (VCSELs) design, fabrication and testing, optical communication systems and biophotonics, he has published more than 100 journal and conference publications. Dr. Chrostowski has been serving since 2008 as the codirector of the University of British Columbia AMPEL Nanofabrication Facility. He is the program director of the NSERC CREATE Silicon Electronic–Photonic Integrated Circuits (Si-EPIC) training program.

    Krzysztof (Kris) Iniewski, Ph.D., manages R&D at Redlen Technologies, Inc., a startup company in Vancouver, Canada. He is also a president of CMOS Emerging Technologies, an organization of high-tech events covering communications, microsystems, optoelectronics, and sensors. Dr. Iniewski has held numerous faculty and management positions at the University of Toronto, University of Alberta, SFU, and PMC-Sierra, Inc. He has published more than 100 research papers in international journals and conferences. He holds 18 international patents granted in the United States, Canada, France, Germany, and Japan. He is a frequent invited speaker, has consulted for multiple organizations internationally, and has written and edited several books.

    "This book provides reviews of a topic of increasing importance: high-speed optical interconnects. The coverage combines topics not often assembled in book format, and the authors are active researchers in the field. It saves the reader arduous hours that would otherwise be spent searching and reviewing reams of published literature to get up to speed on these rapidly evolving topics."
    —Tony Chan Carusone, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Toronto, Canada

    "… a very good overview of the most cutting-edge interconnect technologies as they apply to computer and communication networks. … The importance now being placed on interconnects as part of an integrated solution for a better and more prolific information processing paradigm is an absolute necessity. Not only because the of the overall power consumption issues we face, but because a world-wide, exponentially expanding interconnect medium will ultimately unite our thoughts, goals and expressions as a global society. This will allow ever newer architectures and models to be conceived, perhaps based on biological systems - where we have consistently found that (our) whole is greater than the sum of (our) parts."
    —David Rolston, Reflex Photonics Inc., Quebec, Canada