Discussions on globalization now routinely focus on the economic impact of developing countries in Asia, Africa, the Middle East, the former Soviet Union and Latin America. Only twenty-five years ago, many developing countries were largely closed societies. Today, the growing power of “emerging markets” is reordering the geopolitical landscape. On a purchasing power parity basis, emerging economies now constitute half of the world’s economic activity. Financial markets too are seeing growing integration: Asia now accounts for 1/3 of world stock markets, more than double that of just 15 years ago. Given current trajectories, most economists predict that China and India alone will account for half of global output by 2050 (almost a complete return to their positions prior to the Industrial Revolution). How is higher education shaping and being shaped by these massive tectonic shifts? As education rises as a geopolitical priority, it has converged with discussions on economic policy and a global labor market. As part of the Routledge Studies in Emerging Societies series, this edited collection focuses on the globalization of higher education, particularly the increasing symbiosis between advanced and developing countries. Bringing together senior scholars, journalists, and practitioners from around the world, this collection explores the relatively new and changing higher education landscape.
Table of Contents
Foreword: The Future of Global Education Parag Khanna Introduction: Higher Education in the Global Age Daniel Araya and Peter Marber Section One: Mapping Higher Education 1. Higher Education and Emerging Markets: Opportunity, Anxiety and Unintended Consequences Amid Globalization Peter Marber 2. Why Should We Care About Global Higher Education? Ben Wildavsky 3. Bologna Trionfante?: The Global Influence of Europe’s Higher Education Agenda Paul L. Gaston 4. Higher Education Competition and Regional Networks in Russia and Central Eurasia Mark Johnson 5. Emerging Higher Education in the Post-Confucian Heritage Zone Simon Marginson 6. The China Conundrum Tom Bartlett and Karin Fischer 7. Privatisation and Policy Shifts: The Changing Nature of Private Education Provision in India Judith Guy 8. Inside African Private Higher Education Louise Morley 9. Globalising and Regionalising Higher Education in Latin America: Locating Brazil in Multiscalar Projects and Politics Alfredo M. Gomes, Susan L. Robertson and Roger Dale 10. Will For-Profit Universities Solve the Access Problem in Mexican Higher Education? Normando Bezerra, Claudia Massei, Nils Schulze-Halberg and Tyler Stypinski Section Two: Policy, Practice and Promise 11. Towards Post-Industrial Education: State Capitalism and China Daniel Araya 12. Educating for the Creative Economy in Emerging Countries: Challenges and Strategies Corrine van Beilen and Greg Hearn 13. Can Oil Generate Creativity? A Look at Qatar and the United Arab Emirates Kevin Stolarick and Loulia Kouchaji 14. Striving for "World Class Excellence": Rankings and Emerging Societies Ellen Hazelkorn 15. Anchoring Effects in World University Rankings: Exploring Biases in Reputation Scores Nicholas A. Bowman and Michael N. Bastedo 16. The Role of Tuition Fees in the Spread of Higher Education Around the Globe Jennifer A. Delaney and Patricia Yu 17. A Buyers’ Guide to Branch Campuses? Alan Ruby and Adriana Jaramillo
Daniel Araya is a Research Fellow at the Institute for Computing in the Humanities, Arts and Social Sciences at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications. He is also a Research Associate with the Digital Media and Learning Research Hub at the University of California, and a Research Affiliate with the Martin Prosperity Institute at the University of Toronto. His newest books include: Smart Cities as Democratic Ecologies (2014, Palgrave), Higher Education in the Global Age (with Peter Marber) (2013, Routledge), and Education in the Creative Economy (with Michael A. Peters) (2010, Peter Lang). He has a Ph.D. from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and is an alumnus of Singularity University’s graduate program at the NASA Research Park in Silicon Valley.
Peter Marber is a professional money manager, writer and teacher specializing in globalization and emerging markets. He has held senior positions at some of the world’s largest banks and financial institutions since 1987, and has taught at Columbia University since 1993. An author of more than 100 articles and columns on global topics, Marber’s first book, From Third World to World Class: The Future of Emerging Markets in the Global Economy, was named "future reference reading for the 24/7 Global Marketplace" by Wired. David Brooks of the New York Times called his second book, Money Changes Everything: How Global Prosperity is Reshaping Our Needs, Values, and Lifestyles, "an outstanding primer on the awesome social effects of globalization." His third book, Seeing the Elephant: Understanding Globalization from Trunk to Tail, was published in 2009. His next book is titled Brave New Math: Information, Globalization and the Need for New Policy Thinking. He serves on various boards for Columbia University, New America Foundation, World Policy Institute, and the Emerging Markets Trade Association.
" As a global discourse emerges around global education, we will continue on the path towards placing education at the center of questions about what constitutes our nascent and evolving global culture. This book is a vital contribution to that emerging conversation."
- Parag Khanna, from the Foreword
"Higher Education in the Global Age puts human capital front and center, right where it should be, in the next chapter of globalization. What policies on higher education should emerging economies consider in an interconnected world where education can both close and intensify socio-economic gaps? This important and timely book takes a hard look at the positive and negative roles that the globalization of higher education can play in politics, income inequality, culture, geopolitical power, innovation, and economic growth."
- Michele Wucker, President, World Policy Institute
"Higher Education in the Global Age, edited by Daniel Araya and Peter Marber, asks a fundamental question about the role, status and global reach of higher education in an era where BRICS and newly emerging societies increasingly dominate the world economy. This book maps the emerging global territories of HE in regions and countries around the world providing the appropriate context to explore themes like the internationalization, regionalization and privatization, and policy and practice in global HE. The book is wide-ranging in geography, analytical in method, and robust in terms of the long-term geopolitics. The contributors are a group of well-known and distinguished scholars who address themselves to the big questions. It is a superb addition to the literature and should be read widely."
- Michael A. Peters, Professor Emeritus, University of Illinois and Professor, Policy, Cultural & Social Studies in Education, University of Waikato
"This book could not have arrived at a more critical time as higher education across the globe enters into a new phase of bewildering change centered on the reorganization of knowledge and ever-deepening levels of adventurist privatization and entrepreneurialism. This richly textured and highly illuminating collection of essays offers the reader poignant insights on the steady drift to academic capitalism in higher education and its consequences. It will serve as a marker of innovative and trenchant critique of the internationalization process in education, which has, to date, too often benefited from self-satisfied cheer leading and unchecked triumphalism."
- Cameron McCarthy, Research Professor, Hardie Fellow, Director of Global Studies in Education at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
"The university increasingly represents itself as, and is represented by its political supporters as, a key engine of the 'new economy'. It is a source of human capital development (its teaching mission), as well as technological and social innovation (its research and development mission). Higher Education in the Global Age is a wide-ranging survey of higher education in 'emerging societies'. These formerly 'peripheral' economies have sprung to life in recent decades, with significantly higher rates of growth than the traditional 'centre' of the world economic system. This book offers an insightful analysis of the role of higher education in this new dynamic of globalization."
- Bill Cope, Professor, Education Policy, Organization and Leadership, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign