This book offers a systematic look at current challenges in moral epistemology through the lens of research on higher-order evidence. Fueled by recent advances in empirical research, higher-order evidence has generated a wealth of insights about the genealogy of moral beliefs. Higher-Order Evidence and Moral Epistemology explores how these insights have an impact on the epistemic status of moral beliefs.
The essays are divided into four thematic sections. Part I addresses the normative significance of higher-order evidence for moral epistemology. Part II covers the sources of higher-order evidence in moral epistemology, such as disagreement and moral testimony, for both individuals and groups. The essays in Part III discuss permissible epistemic attitudes regarding a body of moral evidence, including the question of how to determine the permissibility of such attitudes. Finally, Part IV examines the relevance of higher-order evidence for phenomena of practical concern, such as fundamentalist views about moral matters.
This volume is the first to explicitly address the implications of higher-order evidence in moral epistemology. It will be of interest to researchers and advanced graduate students working in epistemology and metaethics.
Introduction. Change in Moral View: Higher-Order Evidence and Moral Epistemology
Part I: Higher-Order Evidence against Morality
1. Evolutionary Debunking, Self-Defeat and All the Evidence
2. Moral Intuitions Between Higher-Order Evidence and Wishful Thinking
3. Debunking Objective Consequentialism: The Challenge of Knowledge-Centric Anti-Luck Epistemology
4. Disagreement, Indirect Defeat, and Higher-Order Evidence
Olle Risberg & Folke Tersman
Part II: Rebutting Higher-Order Evidence against Morality
5. Higher-Order Defeat in Realist Moral Epistemology
Brian C. Barnett
6. Moral Peer Disagreement and the Limits of Higher-Order Evidence
7. Debunking Scepticism
Part III: Broader Implications of Higher-Order Evidence in Moral Epistemology
8. Moral Testimony as Higher-Order Evidence
Marcus Lee, Neil Sinclair, & Jon Robson
9. Higher-Order Defeat in Collective Moral Epistemology
J. Adam Carter & Dario Mortini
10. The Fragile Epistemology of Fanaticism
Part IV: Permissible Epistemic Attitudes in Response to Higher-Order Evidence in Moral Epistemology
11. How Rational Level-Splitting Beliefs Can Help You Respond to Moral Disagreement
Margaret Greta Turnbull & Eric Sampson
12. Epistemic Non-Factualism and Methodology
The Routledge Studies in Epistemology series features monographs and edited collections on cutting-edge research topics in contemporary epistemology. It includes both new arguments on hot topics and new angles and innovative takes on established epistemological subjects. The series spans all areas of epistemology, including emerging issues in applied and social epistemology. It is a leading resource for scholars and graduate students looking for the newest and most important developments in epistemology.