One of Croce’s most famous books, originally published in 1934, this volume covers the history of Europe from the end of the Napoleonic Wars until the end of the First World War. Based on a series of lectures delivered in 1931 the book discusses, among other things, religious freedoms, the concept of liberty, liberalism and nationalism and the rise of the German state.
1. The Religion of Liberty 2. Opposing Religious Faiths 3. The Romantic Movement 4. Resistance and Opposition to Absolutism and the Victory Over It (1815-30) 5. Progress of the Liberal Movement: First Conflicts with Social Democracy (1830-47) 6. Liberal-National Revolutions, Democratic-Social Revolutions, and Reactions (1848-51) 7. The Revolutionary Revival and the General-Liberal Nationalisation of Europe (1851-70) 8. The Unification of German Power and the Change in the Public Spirit of Europe (1870) 9. The Liberal Age (1871-1914) 10. International Politics, Activism and the World War (1871-1914). Epilogue.