The idea of progress from the Enlightenment to postmodernism is still very much with us. In intellectual discourse, journals, popular magazines, and radio and talk shows, the debate between those who are "progressivists" and those who are "declinists" is as spirited as it was in the late seventeenth century. In History of the Idea of Progress, Robert Nisbet traces the idea of progress from its origins in Greek, Roman, and medieval civilizations to modern times. It is a masterful frame of reference for understanding the present world.
Nisbet asserts there are two fundamental building blocks necessary to Western doctrines of human advancement: the idea of growth, and the idea of necessity. He sees Christianity as a key element in both secular and spiritual evolution, for it conveys all the ingredients of the modern idea of progress: the advancement of the human race in time, a single time frame for all the peoples and epochs of the past and present, the conception of time as linear, and the envisagement of the future as having a Utopian end.
In his new introduction, Nisbet shows why the idea of progress remains of critical importance to studies of social evolution and natural history. He provides a contemporary basis for many disciplines, including sociology, economics, philosophy, religion, politics, and science. History of the Idea of Progress continues to be a major resource for scholars in all these areas.
Table of Contents
PART I THE GENESIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE IDEA OF PROGRESS Introduction Chapter 1 The Classical World Chapter 2 The Early Christians Chapter 3 Medieval Currents Chapter 4 The Renaissance: Some Cross-Currents Chapter 5 The Great Renewal PART II THE TRIUMPH OF THE IDEA OF PROGRESS Chapter 6 Progress as Freedom Chapter 7 Progress as Power Chapter 8 The Persistence of Progress Chapter 9 Progress at Bay, Epilogue