Based on an unusual source a retrospective survey of migration from 1900 to 1975 this book traces the history of internal and international labor migration in colonial and contemporary Burkina Faso, the West African coast, and other parts of Africa. Interviews with returned migrants elicited information about age, matrimonial status, motives for migrating, employment, destinations, residence, and motives for returning. The survey, which includes data on nearly one hundred thousand migrants and on 1.5 million instances of migration, offers a uniquely African perspective on migration in the region
Table of Contents
Preface and Acknowledgments -- Introduction -- Migration in West Africa: Past and Present -- Contexts of Burkinabè Migration: Precolonial Societies and Colonial Policies -- The Creation of a Male Migrant Labor System: Colonial Burkina Faso, 1900–1946 -- From Colonial Ghana to Côte d’Ivoire: The Growth of “Free” Labor Migration, 1947–1973 -- “The Men Followed the Money and the Women Followed the Men”:* Female Migration, 1900–1973 -- “Yes, Migration Is Good, but ...,” “Yes, Migration Is Bad, but ...”: Circular Migration and Underdevelopment -- Conclusion and Epilogue -- Appendix
Dennis D. Cordell is professor of history at Southern Methodist University and adjunct professor of demography at the University de Montreal. Joel W. Gregory was professor of demography. Victor Picha is professor of demography.