Holographic Interferometry: A Mach–Zehnder Approach, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Holographic Interferometry

A Mach–Zehnder Approach, 1st Edition

By Gregory R. Toker

CRC Press

211 pages | 61 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2012-03-05
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Description

Transparent in the visible range, phase objects can be studied in the optical range using holographic interferometry. Typically, the holograms are recorded on high-resolving-power holographic photo materials, but a lower spatial resolution is sufficient for successful research in many scientific applications. Holographic Interferometry: A Mach–Zehnder Approach offers practical guidance to research scientists and engineers using Mach–Zehnder holographic interferometry methods to study phase objects in the laboratory. The Mach–Zehnder approach allows the use of standard photographic film and electronic CCD/CMOS sensors with low resolving power, making it a simpler and more affordable option for testing many types of phase objects.

This book demonstrates how to use standard photographic film for the optical recording and reconstruction of Mach–Zehnder holograms. It also illustrates techniques for using CCD/CMOS cameras to digitally record Mach–Zehnder holograms/interferograms of transparent objects. Bringing together original research and information scattered throughout existing literature, this book focuses on the holographic reference beam and shearing interferometry methods. In particular, it looks at how these methods and optical schemes can be directly applied to testing aerodynamic flows, as well as to plasmas, shocks, and waves in noncoherent laser–matter interactions.

Numerous reconstructed and classic interferograms, deflectograms, and Schlierengrams illustrate the material, helping readers develop and design their own optimal optical scheme and choose applicable details to apply the approach. Describing methods in a mathematically simple and accessible way, this book is also suitable for graduate students in the fields of aerospace engineering and optics, as well as those in laser, thermal, and plasma physics.

Reviews

"… covers many techniques and procedures of in-line holographic interferometry. … emphasizes experimental procedures and solving problems in gas dynamics research and fluid dynamics. The author has considered minor details like influence of mechanical shutter vibrations on the computed phases. … a good reference book."

— Rajpal Singh Sirohi, Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology, Terre Haute, Indiana, USA

Table of Contents

Introduction

MACH–ZEHNDER OPTICAL HOLOGRAPHIC INTERFEROMETRY OF PHASE OBJECTS

Introduction to Part I

Mach–Zehnder Optical Reference Beam Interferometry

Using Mach–Zehnder Interferometer for Recording Focused Image Interferograms

Characteristics of 35-mm Photographic Films for Mach–Zehnder Interferometry

Applications of Mach–Zehnder Interferometry by Imaging on Photographic Films

Mach–Zehnder Reference Beam Optical Holographic Interferometry

Using Mach–Zehnder Interferometer for Recording Focused Image Holograms on Photographic Films

Reconstruction of Focused Image Mach–Zehnder Holograms and Studying Signal Wave by Related Techniques

Studying Signal Wave by Methods of Reference Beam Mach–Zehnder Holographic Interferometry

Dual Hologram Interferometry with Enhanced Sensitivity

Applications of Mach–Zehnder Holographic Interferometry

Dual Hologram Interferometry with Enhanced Sensitivity

Applications of Mach–Zehnder Dual Hologram Interferometry with Enhanced Sensitivity

Conclusion to Part I

MACH–ZEHNDER OPTICAL SHEARING HOLOGRAPHIC INTERFEROMETRY OF COMPRESSIBLE FLOWS

Introduction to Part II

Mach–Zehnder Shearing Holographic Interferometry and Its Applications in Aerodynamics

Problems of Application of Interference Techniques in Gas Dynamic Research

Concept of Mach–Zehnder Dual Hologram Shearing Interferometry for Gas Dynamic Applications

Applications of Mach–Zehnder Holographic Shearing Interferometry to a Supersonic Wind Tunnel Testing

Mach–Zehnder Shearing Optical Holographic Interferometry with Regulated Sensitivity

Applications of Mach–Zehnder Shearing Holographic Interferometry in Aerospace Engineering Research

Mach–Zehnder Dual Hologram Shearing Interference Technique with Enhanced Sensitivity for Wind Tunnel Testing

Phase Measurements in a Supersonic Shock Flow with Reduced Sensitivity: Two-Wavelength Mach–Zehnder Holographic Shearing Interferometry

Mach–Zehnder Real-Time Shearing Optical Holographic Interferometry

Real-Time Holographic Interference Shearing Technique for Wind Tunnel Testing

Disappearance of Holographic and Interference Fringe Accompanying Optical Diagnostic of a Supersonic Bow Shock Flow

Conclusion to Part II

MACH–ZEHNDER DIGITAL HOLOGRAPHIC INTERFEROMETRY AND RELATED TECHNIQUES: RECORDING MACH–ZEHNDER DIGITAL INTERFEROGRAMS/HOLOGRAMS ON CCD/CMOS SENSORS AND ITS APPLICATIONS

Introduction to Part III

Mach–Zehnder Digital Holographic Interferometry

Main Technical Characteristics of CCD/CMOS Sensors Responsible for Imaging Digital Mach–Zehnder Holograms

Using CCD/CMOS Sensors for Recording Digital Mach–Zehnder Reference Beam Holograms/Interferograms

Using CCD/CMOS Sensors for Recording Mach–Zehnder Shearing Holograms/Interferograms

Applications of Mach–Zehnder Interferometry Using CCD/CMOS Sensors

Related Diagnostic Techniques

White Light Source and Laser Schlieren Diagnostic Techniques for Wind Tunnel Testing by Using CCD/CMOS Imaging

Application of Moiré Deflectometry Technique for Gas Dynamic Research

Devices and Equipment for Routine Mach–Zehnder Holographic Interference Experiments

Methods of Spatial Filtering Applicable to Mach–Zehnder Holographic Interference Experiments

Devices and Equipment Required for Performing Routine Mach–Zehnder Holographic Interference Experiments

Conclusion to Part III

Conclusion

References

About the Author

Gregory R. Toker, PhD, is a research professor in the Faculty of Chemistry at Technion, Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, since 2007. He received his PhD from the Institute of General Physics (IOFAN), Russian Academy of Sciences, in 1988.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TEC009070
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Mechanical
TEC019000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Lasers & Photonics