2nd Edition

Human Factors Engineering and Ergonomics
A Systems Approach, Second Edition





ISBN 9781466560093
Published December 19, 2013 by CRC Press
501 Pages 194 B/W Illustrations

USD $88.95

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Book Description

Although still true to its original focus on the person–machine interface, the field of human factors psychology (ergonomics) has expanded to include stress research, accident analysis and prevention, and nonlinear dynamical systems theory (how systems change over time), human group dynamics, and environmental psychology. Reflecting new developments in the field, Human Factors Engineering and Ergonomics: A Systems Approach, Second Edition addresses a wide range of human factors and ergonomics principles found in conventional and twenty-first century technologies and environments. Based on the author’s thirty years of experience, the text emphasizes fundamental concepts, systems thinking, the changing nature of the person-machine interface, and the dynamics of systems as they change over time.

See What’s New in the Second Edition:

  • Developments in working memory, degrees of freedom in cognitive processes, subjective workload, decision-making, and situation awareness
  • Updated information on cognitive workload and fatigue
  • Additional principles for HFE, networks, multiple person-machine systems, and human-robot swarms
  • Accident analysis and prevention includes resilience, new developments in safety climate, and an update to the inventory of accident prevention techniques and their relative effectiveness
  • Problems in "big data" mining
  • Psychomotor control and its relevance to human-robot systems
  • Navigation in real-world environment
  • Trust in automation and augmented cognition

Computer technology permeates every aspect of the human–machine system, and has only become more ubiquitous since the previous edition. The systems are becoming more complex, so it should stand to reason that theories need to evolve to cope with the new sources of complexity. While many books cover traditional topics and theory, they to not focus on the practical problems students will face in the future. With broad coverage that ranges from physical ergonomics to cognitive aspects of human-machine interaction and includes dynamic approaches to system failure, this book increases the number of methods and analytical tools that are available for the human factors researcher.

Table of Contents

Introduction to Human Factors and Ergonomics
Entry of Human Factors and Ergonomics
Broader Themes in the Text
Criteria of Human Factors
Discussion Questions

Elements of Human Factors Analysis
Allocation of Function
Human Error and System Reliability
Usability Testing
Communication, Information, and Entropy
System Events Change Over Time
Discussion Questions

Psychophysics
Classical Psychophysics
Basic Psychophysical Scaling
Signal Detection Theory
Fuzzy Signal Detection Theory
Multidimensional Stimuli
Discussion Questions

Visual Displays
Sense of Vision
Perception
Principles of Display Design
Signs of Importance
Illumination and Glare
Discussion Questions

Auditory and Tactile Displays

Sense of Hearing
Nonverbal Auditory Displays
Speech Displays
Noise
Tactile Displays
Discussion Questions

Cognition

Organization of Human Memory
Types of Decisions
Cognitive Workload
Automatization of Cognitive Processes
Degrees of Freedom in Cognitive Task Organization
Dynamic Decisions and Situation Awareness
Cognitive Analyses of a Person–Machine System
Discussion Questions

Psychomotor Skill and Controls
Reaction or Response Time
Learning and Skill Acquisition
Types of Manual Controls
Feedback and Controls
Voice Controls
Discussion Questions

Anthropometry and Work Space Design

Body Measurements
Safety and Related Concerns
Physical Abilities
Some Common Biomechanical Issues
Computer Workstations
Discussion Questions

Stress and Human Performance

Nature and Types of Stress
Physical Stressors
Social Stressors
Speed and Load Stress
Consequences of Stress
Work Schedules
Consequences of Stress
Stress and Performance Dynamics
Discussion Questions

Occupational Accidents and Prevention

Causes of Death and Injury
Structural Risk Models
Group Dynamics, Safety Climate, and Resilience
Accident Prevention Programs
Emergency Response
Discussion Questions

Human–Computer Interaction

The Changing Nature of the Interface
Controls
Memory Enhancements
Visual Displays
Auditory and Multimedia Displays
The Internet and the Web
Virtual Reality
Emotions in Human–Computer Interfaces
Discussion Questions

Programming, Artificial Intelligence, and Artificial Life

The Evolution of Programs
Artificial Intelligence and Expert Systems
Smart Integrated Systems
Large-Scale Integrated Systems
Artificial Life
Validation Issues
Discussion Questions

Complex Systems

NDS and Complex Systems
Real-World Complexity
Networks
Evolutionary and Revolutionary Change in Systems
Collective Intelligence
Group Coordination
Safety in Complex Systems
Discussion Questions 238

Environmental Design

Microenvironments
Macroenvironments
The Great Outdoors
Playing in Traffic
Outer Space
Discussion Questions
References
Index

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Reviews

"… covers a large number of theoretical, empirical and conceptual themes … The broad focus is supported by the introduction of novel approaches derived from complexity and dynamic systems theory to describing the behavior of human operators and sociotechnical systems thereby increasing the toolbox available for ergonomics and human factors researchers."
—Kjell Ivar Øvergård, Department of Maritime Technology and Innovation, Vestfold University College, Norway

" … a well-organized book, including the most up-to-date research results and summarized a lot of comprehensive qualitative and quantitative research results."
—Dongyuan Debbie Wang, University of North Florida

"… a thorough and well-organized textbook. The focus and approach are relevant to current scholarship and research in the field."
—Robert W. Proctor, Purdue University

"An addition of a separate chapter on 'stress and work performance' is important, particularly given our current times, when so many people are experiencing stress at work, and unfortunately, are unaware of the problem. I also like the idea of a chapter on environmental design. We have always had a focus on microenvironments within the purview of human factors courses, but rarely do you see any mention of macroenvironments."
—Leah Newman, Pennsylvania State University

"The book, in its 2nd edition, revised and enlarged, keeps very nicely on par with the latest technological developments, while emphasizing concepts and systems thinking. From its treatment of cognition and psychological aspects of the senses of vision and audition to the more focused aspects of human-machine interaction presented from a systems perspective, it remains an invaluable manual to help designers in developing more effective and efficient systems."
—Denis A. Coelho and João N.O. Filipe, in the International Journal of Human Factors and Ergonomics

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