1st Edition

Human Factors Methods and Sports Science A Practical Guide

    378 Pages 70 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    378 Pages 70 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    During the course of any sporting event, critical cognitive and physical tasks are performed within a dynamic, complex, collaborative system comprising multiple humans and artifacts, under pressurized, complex, and rapidly changing conditions. Highly skilled, well-trained individuals walk a fine line between task success and failure, with only slightly inadequate task execution leading to the latter. Promoting cross-disciplinary interaction between the human factors and sports science disciplines, Human Factors Methods and Sports Science: A Practical Guide provides practical guidance on a range of methods for describing, representing, and evaluating human, team, and system performance in sports domains.

    Traditionally, the application of human factors and ergonomics methods in sports has focused on the biomechanical, physiological, environmental, and equipment-related aspects of sports performance. However, various human factors methods, applied historically in the complex safety critical domains, are suited to describing and understanding sports performance. This book delineates the similarities in the concepts requiring investigation within sports and the more typical human factors domains. The book’s focus on cognitive and social human factors methods rather than mainly on the application of physiological ergonomics approaches sets it apart from other books in either field. It covers eight categories of human factor methods: data collection, task analysis, cognitive task analysis, human error identification, situation awareness measurement, workload measurement, team performance assessment, and interface evaluation methods.

    Constructed so that each chapter can be read non-linearly and independently from one another, the book provides an introduction and overview to each Human Factors topic area, and of each method discussed, along with practical guidance on how to apply them. It also includes detailed descriptions of the different methods, example applications, and theoretical rationale. This allows the concepts to be easily found and digested, and the appropriate method to be easily selected and applied.



    Human Factors Methods

    Application in Sport

    Structure of the Book

    Data Collection Methods




    Observational Study

    Task Analysis Methods


    Hierarchical Task Analysis

    Task Decomposition

    Verbal Protocol Analysis

    Operation Sequence Diagrams

    Cognitive Task Analysis


    Cognitive Work Analysis

    Critical Decision Method

    Concept Maps

    Applied Cognitive Task Analysis

    Human Error Identification and Analysis Methods


    Defining Human Error

    Error Classifications

    Theoretical Perspectives on Human Error

    Human Error Methods


    Fault Tree Analysis

    Systematic Human Error Reduction and Prediction Approach

    Human Error Template

    Task Analysis for Error Identification

    Technique for Human Error Assessment

    Situation Awareness Assessment Methods


    Situation Awareness Theory

    Situation Awareness and Sport

    Measuring Situation Awareness

    Situation Awareness Requirements Analysis

    Situation Awareness Global Assessment Technique

    Situation Present Assessment Method

    Situation Awareness Rating Technique

    Situation Awareness Subjective Workload Dominance

    Propositional Networks

    Mental Workload Assessment Methods


    Mental Workload

    Workload and Sport

    Mental Workload Assessment

    Primary and Secondary Task Performance Measures

    Physiological Measures

    NASA Task Load Index

    Subjective Workload Assessment Technique

    The Subjective Workload Dominance Method

    Instantaneous Self-Assessment Method

    Teamwork Assessment Methods



    Teamwork Assessment Methods

    Social Network Analysis

    Team Task Analysis

    Coordination Demands Analysis

    Event Analysis of Systemic Teamwork

    Interface Evaluation


    Interface Evaluation Methods


    Heuristic Analysis

    Link Analysis

    Layout Analysis

    Interface Surveys

    Human Factors Methods Integration: Case Study


    Integrating Human Factors Methods







    Paul Salmon, Neville Anthony Stanton, Adam Gibbon, Daniel Jenkins, Guy H. Walker