Machines increasingly pervade the mining industry, reducing manual labor and raising production. While the use of new technologies such as remote control, vision enhancement technologies, continuous haulage, and automated equipment has grown, so has the potential for new health and safety risks. Written by leading experts from Australia and North America, Human Factors for the Design, Operation, and Maintenance of Mining Equipment covers the impact of new mining technology on human work performance and safety.
Ergonomics experts Tim John Horberry, Robin Burgess-Limerick, and Lisa J. Steiner draw on their personal experience to provide up-to-date research, case studies, and examples, making the book useful, accurate, informative, and easy to read. They set the scene with a general, yet fundamental review of human factors information related to equipment. They then examine the physical environment and the importance of key concerns such as vibration, noise, heat, and dust in maintaining and operating mining equipment. The authors expand their scope by examining wider organizational and task factors related to mining equipment, including the long-standing issues of operator fatigue and stress as well as newer concerns such as distraction and information overload.
A synthesis of available human factors knowledge and research, the book describes human factors principles applied to mining equipment from a multidisciplinary perspective and combines it into one volume. The authors combine their in-the-trenches experience and academic expertise to present a treatment that balances breadth with depth. The book supplies a much-needed overview of the human element in the journey to optimal equipment design of mining equipment.
Table of Contents
What is Human Factors, and Why is it Important for Mining Equipment?
What is “Human Factors”?
What are the Aims of Human Factors?
Why is it Important to Consider Human Factors for Mining Equipment?
History of Human Factors in Mining
Human Factors and Risk Management
Key Current Issues, and Future Challenges with Mining Equipment
Why This Book is Necessary
Structure of the Book
The Equipment Design Process
The Equipment Life Cycle
Safety in Design
Hierarchy of Control, and Control Effectiveness
Human Factors Cost–Benefit Analysis and the System Life Cycle
Potential Barriers to Using Human Factors in Design
Operability and Maintainability Analysis Technique (OMAT)
It is Not Just about Design: Mining Equipment Operations and Maintenance
Elements in the Mining System
Safety in the Operation of Mobile Equipment
Different Types of Factors Involved in Mobile Equipment Incidents
Haddon’s countermeasure principles
Direct Manual-Task Risk Factors
Assessing Manual-Task Injury Risks
The Place of “Training” in Manual-Task Injury Risk Management
Workstation Design and Anthropometric Variability
Workstation Design: Overview
Incorporating Anthropometric Data in Workstation Design
General Principles of Workstation Design
Digital Tools for Workstation Design
Physical Environment and Climate
Sound and Hearing, co-written with Robert Randolph
Dust, co-written with James Rider
Heat, Cold, and Climate Control, co-written with Janet Torma-Krajewski
Vibration, co-written with Tammy Eger
Vision, Visibility, and Lighting
Co-written with Tammy Eger
Vision and Lighting
Illumination and Vision Performance
Standards for Mine Lighting
Recommended Lighting Levels
Visibility and Equipment Design
Controls and Displays
Controls and Displays: Overview
Control Design Principles
Reducing Control Errors: Guarding, Feedback, Mode Errors, Coding, and Directional Control–Response Relationships
Case Study: The EMESRT Controls and Displays Design Philosophy
Automation and New Technologies
Why are New Mining Technologies and Automation being Developed and Deployed?
Levels of Automation
The Importance of Considering Human–Machine Interaction in Automated Mining Equipment
Automation and Human Factors Issues
Case Study: Collision Detection and Proximity-Warning systems
Mining Automation and People: What Can We Conclude?
Organisational and Task Factors
Fatigue, Shiftwork, and Mining Equipment
Co-written with Jennifer G. Tichon
Human Factors in the Design of Training
Expertise and Training
Issues Associated with Training
Use of Simulation in Training
VR Simulation Training in Mining
Future General Trends in Mining Human Factors
Future Human-Related Trends in Mining Equipment Design, Operation, and Maintenance