Human Performance in Automated and Autonomous Systems: Emerging Issues and Practical Perspectives covers a wide array of applied topics of practical significance. Our first volume in this series examined various theories and methods regarding core areas of automation technology. This second volume is devoted to the examination of emerging practical issues related to automated and autonomous systems. The topics included here cover a wide variety of human-machine systems ranging from medical technologies and process control, to self-driving vehicles. The systems further range from drones to automated mines, to widespread application of automation in robotics, in education, in health care, in entertainment, and cyber security.
The present contents highlight the significance of these emerging technologies that determine the course of our daily lives. This book also depicts the boundaries that separate humans from machine as we continue to become ever more immersed in and symbiotic with these fast-emerging technologies. Here, we recognize the need for a human-centered approach to design; a carefully crafted automated technology that places the "human user" in the center of any design process. To this end, the present volume applies scientific theory directly to real world applications where automation and autonomous technology is implemented.
This book highlights human factors and engineering issues across real-world applications, concerning emerging issues and practical perspectives on human performance in automated and autonomous systems. It covers cross-domain principles and implementation. It also shows how context drives automation and autonomy decisions in both design and operations.
Part I: Human-Automation Interaction in Aviation Systems. 1. A Paradox of Automation for Safety in Highly Automated Vehicles. 2. The Role of Automation in General Aviation Pilots’ Performance in Meteorological Situations. Part II: Design Principles and Guidelines for Autonomous Driving Cars. 3. Automation in Automobiles. 4. Facilitating Attention Management in Highly Autonomous Driving. 5. Automated Driving System HMI Design and Evaluation. 6. Assessment of Stress and Fatigue in Autonomous Driving. Part III: Automation in Health Care Systems. 7. Automation Issues in Medical Systems. 8. Team Performance in Medical Systems. 9. The Impact of Technology on Patient Safety in Healthcare. Part IV: Automation and Team Performance in Operational Environments. 10. Human-Autonomy Teaming in Aviation. 11. Synthetic Task Environments for Evaluating Human-Autonomy Teams. 12. Team Performance in Automated Systems. 13. Research Considerations for Studying Automation in Military Settings. 14. Human-Robot Interactions in Operational Environments. 15. Organizational and Safety Factors in Automated Systems. Part V:Homeland Security and Cyber Security. 16. Hacking the Human: The Prevalence Paradox in Cybersecurity. 17. Toward Robust Models of Trust and Situation Awareness in Cyber Security. 18. The Role of Human Factors/Ergonomics in the Science of Cyber Security.