Since the end of the Cold War a democratic wave has swept through large parts of the world, propagating liberal values and giving impetus to the case for human rights in an international society. To date however, the promotion of human rights has presented a mixed account with some countries lagging behind others in terms of their observance. In an effort to account for these differences, this book analyzes the relationship between norms and the social construction of international society, and examines how human rights are promoted in that context.
Focussing on Libya as a case study, Giacomina De Bona criticises the neo-realist approach by demonstrating the impact of international society on the advancement of human rights. Libya has related to the international environment in different ways over time, ranging from isolation to reconciliation and regime change, making it a particularly interesting example.
This book is of particular relevance in light of the recent Arab Spring and raises the question as to whether the coercive imposition of the Western liberal model contributes to establishing respect for human rights in what continue to be the peripheral zones of international society.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction 2. Buzan’s Model of International Society 3. International System and Human Rights in Libya between 1969 and 1986 4. The Emergence of International Society:Libya’s Revised Human Rights’ Agenda, 1986 to 1992 5. Coercion in International Society: the impact on Human Rights Issues in Libya, 1992 to 1999 6. Calculation in International Society and Human Rights issues in Libya, 1999 to 2010 7. Conclusion
Dr. Giacomina De Bona is an independent writer and advisor on international human rights issues and has served as a consultant in the Middle East.