Hunger and Famine in the Long Nineteenth Century  book cover
1st Edition

Hunger and Famine in the Long Nineteenth Century




ISBN 9780367187521
Published May 20, 2022 by Routledge
268 Pages

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Book Description

The Hungry Forties and the Great Famine, with their horrifying monikers, deserve a section just for the many voices engaged in political, humanitarian, and social venues in juxtaposition to the voices of the starving. This volume shows how rhetoric itself experiences a crisis of representation in the face of such dramatic, tragic events: how does a culture deal with its own chosen guilty and irrational psychological motives for casting a blind eye to famine within its own borders?

Table of Contents

Volume 2: ‘King Starvation reigns supreme’: The Hungry Forties (1839-1850)

Acknowledgements

Bibliography

List of Abbreviations

General Introduction

Introduction Volume 2: ‘King Starvation reigns supreme’: The Hungry Forties (1839-1850)

Part 1. The Demise of the Social Contract

1. A., ‘What Does It Matter to the Unrepresented Whether a Tory or a Whig is Returned?’, Star in the East, 14 September 1839.

2. Anon. ‘Clitheroe’, Northern Star, 4 June 1842, p. 1.

3. Anon., ‘Hope Deferred’, Leeds Times, 18 June 1842.

4. Anon., ‘’What is at Hand?’, Commonwealthsman, 18 June 1842, pp. 4-5.

5. Anon., ‘The Corn Monopoly’, League, 3 August 1844, p. 727.

6. Anon., ‘Great Meeting of the Anti-Corn Law League’, Manchester Times, 1 November 1845, p. 6.

7. J. H. Burton, ‘Politics of the Month’, Tait’s Edinburgh magazine, 12 December 1845, pp. 809-10.

8. Feargus O’Connor, ‘To the Members of the Chartist Co-Operative Land Society’, Northern Star, 3 October 1846, p. 1.

9. Anon., ‘Ireland: Out-Door Relief,’ and Anon., ‘Progress of Distress’, Times, 11 January 1847, p. 2.

10. Isaac Butt, ‘The Famine in the Land’, Dublin University Magazine, 29 April 1847, pp. 501-40, on pp. 501-8, 511, © British Library Board. Displayed with permission of ProQuest LLC.

11. Anon., ‘Threatened Starvation of Thousands!’, Freeman’s Journal, 12 December 1849. p. 2.

Part 2 Reform Meetings, Placards

12. Isaac Barrow, ‘Sermon’, Bolton: Samuel Gardner, 1839, pp. 3-4, 6- 9, 10-14.

13. Anon., Bread-Tax for the Rich! Charity Sermon for the Poor!!’ Working Men. Reform. 1842, April-June.1842. MS Radical Politics and the Working Man in England: Part Two: Set 56; Vol 16.

14. John Campbell, et al., ‘The address of the sixty-four delegates’, Commonwealth, or Chartist Advocate, 2 April 1842, February-September 1842. Birmingham, Staffordshire, Warwickshire. MS Civil Disturbance, Chartism and Riots in Nineteenth-Century England: Part One, 1841-1844 Box 260.

15. Chartist Council of Stockport, ‘The Charter the People’s Hope’, July-September 1842. Cheshire, MS Civil Disturbance, Chartism and Riots in Nineteenth-Century England: Part One, 1841-1844 Box 242.

16. Anon., ‘Behold the Reckoning DAY is nigh’ (1842), March-December 1842, Manchester, Lancashire, Northumberland, Yorkshire, MS Civil Disturbance, Chartism and Riots in Nineteenth-Century England: Part One, 1841-1844 Box 269.

17. James Foster, et. al., ‘To the To the Constable of Skircoat’, 27 June 1842, March-December 1842, Manchester, Lancashire, Northumberland, Yorkshire, MS Civil Disturbance, Chartism and Riots in Nineteenth-Century England: Part One, 1841-1844 Box 269.

18. Anon., ‘To Her Majesty’s Government and the Members of the House of Commons’ (1842), January-December 1842. Liverpool, Manchester, Lancashire. Chartist Pamphlets and Posters. MS Civil Disturbance, Chartism and Riots in Nineteenth-Century England: Part One, 1841-1844 Box 249c.

19. Benjamin Stott, ‘Gaunt Famine Rides Rampant’, Songs for the Millions, Manchester, England: W. Horsman, 1843, pp. 10-12.

20. Anon., ‘Public Prayers to Avert Famine’, Northern Star, 3 October 1846, p. 1.

Part 3. Child Labour, Hunger

21. Anon., ‘"Justice!" Questions for Consideration: Referring to the News of the Day’, Odd Fellow, 24 April 1841, p. 66.

22. Anon., ‘The Manufacturing Population, Infant Labour’, North of England Magazine: a monthly journal of politics, literature, science and art, 1 (1842), pp. 8-13, © British Library Board. Displayed with permission of ProQuest LLC.

23. ‘Dietaries’, Eighth Annual Report of the Poor Law Commissioners with Appendices (1842), Hansard, HC © British Library Board Volume 19, Images 46-48. All images are from ProQuest’s House of Commons Parliamentary Papers displayed with permission of ProQuest LLC.

24. W. Cooke Taylor, Notes of a Tour in the Manufacturing Districts of Lancashire 2nd ed., London: Duncan and Malcolm, 1842, pp. 47-8, 79-80.

25. J. S. Hudson, Home slavery, or, An earnest appeal, to the common sense of the nation, on the oppressive effects of the FOOD LAWS, London: Samuel Gilbert, 1842, pp. 4-5.

26. Anon., Medical Report of doctors Corrigan and Evory Kennedy on the Management and Morality of the Children in the North Dublin Union Workhouse’, Freeman’s Journal, 5 February 1842, and from Parliament’s Inquiry into Treatment, Condition and Mortality of Infant Children in Workhouse of North Dublin Union, Dublin: Alexander Thom, 1842; Hansard, HC, © British Library Board Volume 36, Images 12-13, 34-6. All images from Parliament are from ProQuest’s House of Commons Parliamentary Papers displayed with permission of ProQuest LLC.

27. Report of Special Assistant Poor Law Coms. on Treatment of Infant Pauper Children in Marylebone Workhouse (1843) Hansard, HC, © British Library Board Volume 45, Images 38-42. All images from Parliament are from ProQuest’s House of Commons Parliamentary Papers displayed with permission of ProQuest LLC.

28. Anon., ‘The Agricultural Labourers.--Another Smock-frocked meeting in Wiltshire’, Morning Chronicle, 12 February 1846, pp. 2-3.

29. ‘Buckle’, ‘The Old Woman Who Lived in a Shoe. A Story for Emigrants’, Douglas Jerrold’s Weekly Newspaper, 29 July 1848, p. 964.

Part 4. Turnips, Bone Crushing, Refuse, Fish Guts

30. William Baxter, ‘Letter’, 1 June 1842, August–September 1842, Somerset, MS Civil Disturbance, Chartism and Riots in Nineteenth-Century England: Part One, 1841-1844 Box 259.

31. Peter Aston, ‘Complaint to the Justices of the Peace, 27 July 1842; and <J. T.> Vincent and W. Bewley Taylor, ‘Letter’ to Lieut. Col. Maberly, 15 August 1842, Feb.–Sept 1842. Birmingham, Staffordshire, Warwickshire. MS Civil Disturbance, Chartism and Riots in Nineteenth-Century England: Part One, 1841-1844 Box 260.

32. Testimony from Hugh Mundy, Charles Lewis, William Newport, Charles Coombs, Samuel Green, Select Committee on Administration of Poor Law in Andover Union, Report, Minutes of Evidence, Part 1; Appendix, Index, Part II, Hansard, HC, and © British Library Board (1846) vol. 50.27-48, Images 6, 55- 7, 413-15, 1380, 1379. All images are from ProQuest’s House of Commons Parliamentary Papers displayed with permission of ProQuest LLC.

33. Anon., ‘Ireland’, Times, 12 January 1847, p. 5.

34. Anon., ‘The Famine’, Northern Star, 23 January 1847.

35. Anon., ‘Appalling Distress in Claremorris’, and ‘The Condition of the People--Mayo’, Freeman’s Journal, 16 January 1847, p. 2.

36. Anon., ‘The Starvation Process’, Freeman’s Journal, 12 January 1849, p. 2.

37. Anon., ‘Distress in Ireland – Lord John Russell – The Rev. Mr. Anderson’,, Freeman's Journal, 4 June 1849, p. 2.

Part 5. The Worker and the Drone, Celt and Saxon

38. C. P. Pendergast Shelly, ‘What is Termed, the Lower Class?’ Manchester: J. Leach,1842.

39. Anon., ‘There would be something highly ludricous’, Times, 12 February 1846, p. 4.

40. Anon., ‘ART. VIII.--The Nation, 1846’, New Quarterly Review: or, Home, foreign and colonial journal, 8 (1846), pp. 149-66, on pp. 149, 151-7, 160-2, 166, © British Library Board. Displayed with permission of ProQuest LLC.

41. Anon., ‘English Press On Irish Famine’, Tuam Herald, 28 November 1846, p. 2.

42. Anon., ‘London, Friday, January 8, 1847’, Times, 8 January 1847, p. 4.

43. Anon., ‘The Evils and Benefits of the Irish Famine’, Mirror of literature, amusement, and instruction, 49 (1847), pp. 235-7, © British Library Board. Displayed with permission of ProQuest LLC.

44. Anon., ‘Wants of Ireland and the Rights of England’, Lloyds Illustrated Newspaper, 18 April 1847.

45. Mrs. S C Hall, ‘The Cry from Ireland’, Art-Union (1847), p. 141, © British Library Board. Displayed with permission of ProQuest LLC.

46. Anon., ‘Condition of Ireland’, Preston Chronicle and Lancashire Advertiser, 17 July 1847, p. 4.

47. Guy William Augustus, ‘THE Plague of Beggars’, Fraser’s Magazine, 37 (1848), pp. 395-402, © British Library Board. Displayed with permission of ProQuest LLC.

48. Anon., ‘The Curse of an Aristocracy’, Truth Teller 1 (1848), pp. 1-4, April - June 1848. MS Civil Disturbance, Chartism and Riots in Nineteenth-Century England: Part Two, 1847-1876 Box 2410 B.

Part 6. Death by Starvation

49. Anon., ‘Deaths from Starvation’, Tuam Herald, 28 November 1846, p. 1.

50. Anon., ‘Destitution in Skibbereen’, Morning Chronicle, 9 January 1847, p. 7.

51. Anon., ‘IRELAND: CONDITION OF THE COUNTRY’, Examiner, 20 February 1847, p. 122, © British Library Board. Displayed with permission of ProQuest LLC.

52. ‘State of the Country’, Freeman’s Journal, 16 February 1847, p. [2].

53. David Hadden, ‘The Scarcity’, British magazine, 31 (1847), pp. 459-80, on pp. 462-5, 468-9, 474-5, 477-8.

54. Charles Boner, ‘The Song of Starvation’, Literary gazette: A weekly journal of literature, science and the fine arts, 1590 (1847), p. 509.

55. Anon., ‘Famine in Cork’, Times, 11 January 1847, p. 2.

56. Anon., ‘State of the Country--Starvation!’, Freeman’s Journal, 2 March 1849, p, 2.

57. Donald MacLeod, Gloomy Memories in the Highlands of Scotland, Glasgow: Archd. Sinclair, 1886.

Index

 

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Editor(s)

Biography

Gail Turley Houston, Professor, British and Irish Literary Studies, University of New Mexico, USA