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Hunger and Famine in the Long Nineteenth Century




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ISBN 9780367187545
Published May 31, 2022 by Routledge
264 Pages

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Book Description

This volume examines the rhetorics used around race and famine in the colonies vis-à-vis the persistence of hunger and poverty in the island nation/empire. As William Booth reminded the British in his aptly titled In Darkest England (1890), one need not look further than London’s underbelly to find intractable hunger.

Table of Contents

Volume 4: ‘Slaughter and "Scuttle"’: Trouble at Home and Abroad (1870-1914)

Acknowledgements

Dedication

List of Abbreviations

General Introduction

Introduction Volume 4: ‘Slaughter and "Scuttle"’: Trouble at Home and Abroad (1870-1914)

Part 1. Trouble At Home

1. ‘Return of Number of Deaths From Starvation in Metropolitan Districts in the year 1877, upon which a coroners’s jury have returned a verdict of death from starvation, or death accelerated by privation’, Hansard, HC, Volume 71, Image 3.

2. Anon., ‘Why be Transported?’, Socialist Leaflets, no. 1, 1885.

3. ‘One of the Middle-Class’, (H. H. C), The Facts About the Unemployed: An Appeal and a Warning (1886)

4. Select Committee of House of Lords on Poor Law Relief. Report. Proceedings, Minutes of Evidence, Appendix, Index, Hansard, HL, Volume 15, Images 117, 123, 346-347 (23 April 1888).

5. Thomas Mackay, The English Poor, A Sketch of their Social and Economic History, London: J. Murray, 1889, pp.194-6, 256-7, 264, 284-9, 293-5, 297.

6. Anon., ‘Starvation Once More’. Reynold’s Newspaper, December 1892, p. 4

7. J. Milson Rhodes, M. D., ‘The Objective Causes of Poverty’, 10 January 1894, Transactions of the Manchester Statistical Society, pp. 43-5. 47, 50, 57, 62, 67-8.

8. Gertrude Lubbock, Some Poor Relief Questions, With the Arguments on Both Sides. A Manual for Workers, London: John Murray, 1895, pp., 193-202.

9. [F. Whelan], ‘A Plea for Poor Law Reform’, no. 44 (Revised March 1907), and [J. F. Oakeshott], ‘The Humanizing of the Poor Law’ no. 54, Fabian Tracts Nos. 1, 5, 7, 9, 12 to 86, London: Fabian Society, 1884-1899.

10. ‘Down with the Socialists!’, Socialist Leaflet no. 2, nd, Open-air meetings. [s.n.] [19--].

11. M. Birley, et al., New Poor Law and No Poor Law: Being a Description of the Majority & Minority Reports of the Poor Law Commission, London: Dent, 1909, pp. 77-8.

12. Elizabeth Leigh Hutchins, ‘Working Women and the Poor Law’, London: Women’s Industrial Council, 1909, pp. 1-3, 7-11.

13. David Lloyd George, The People’s Budget: Explained by the Chancellor of the Exchequer, London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1909, pp. viii-x.

14. Anon., ‘Deaths from Starvation: A List of 94 Tragedies’, Votes for Women, 30 January 1914, p. 273.

Part 2. Trouble Abroad: Egypt, the Sudan, Africa, China, India

Part 2. Introduction

2.1. Trouble Abroad: Egypt, the Sudan, and British Africa

15. Anon., ‘Egypt’, Saturday Review, 29 March 1879, pp. 382-3

16. Extract from the ‘El Kahirah’, a native newspaper, Incl No. 141, Correspondence Respecting Affairs of Egypt 1887, C4941, Hansard, HC, Volume 88, Image 131.

17. A. B. Wylde, ’83 to ’87: The Soudan, Vol. 1, London: Remington & Co., 1888; New York: Negro Universities Press, 1969, pp. 126-7.

18. Vice-Consul Barnham, Letters to the Prime Minister, the Marquis of Salisbury, regarding the famine in Sudan, 5th, 19th , 31st March 1890, Correspondence Respecting Finances and Condition of Egypt 1890, Hansard, HC, Volume 83, Images 106-7, 125-6, 135.

19. Eva Hope, Stanley and Africa, New York: Walter Scott; A. Lovell & Co, 1890, pp. 87-8, 339, 351-2.

20. A. B. Wylde ,’The Starving Soudanese and Our Responsibilities: Extracts from letter received from Mr. A. B. Wylde, of Suakin’, Anti-slavery Reporter 10 May 1890, p. 92.

21. Hugh E. M. Stutfield, ‘The Position of Affairs in the Eastern Soudan’, Fortnightly, 49 (1891), pp. 383-7, 392-3.

22. Thomas Heazle Parke, My Personal Experiences in Equatorial Africa as Medical Officer of the Emin Pasha Relief Expedition, London: Sampson Low, Marston, 1891, pp. 112-19.

23. Henry Russell, The Ruin of the Soudan, Cause, Effect, and Remedy; A Résumé of Events, 1883-1891, London: Sampson Low, Marston, 1892, pp. 183-5, 222,

24. Anon., ‘The Ruin of the Soudan’, Speaker: The Liberal Review, 6 (1892), p. 175.

25. W. T. Marriott, ‘The Devastation of the Soudan’, National Review, 20 (1892), pp. 482-3, 485, 492-4.

26. Joseph Thomson, Through Masai Land: A Journey of Exploration Among the Snowclad Volcanic Mountains and Strange Tribes of Easter Equatorial Africa, London: Sampson, Low, Marston, 1895, pp. 23, 339-40.

27. Henry Duff Traill, ‘The Burden of Egypt’, Nineteenth Century: A Monthly Review, 39 (1896), pp. 545-6, 548, 550-52, 555-6.

28. Ethel Younghusband, Glimpses of East Africa and Zanzibar, London: J. Long, 1910, pp. 78-9,103.

2.2. Trouble Abroad: China

29. Anon., ‘China’, Morning Post, 12 February 1877, p. 6.

30. Anon., ‘The Famine in China’, York Herald, 2 May 1877, p. 3

31. Anon., ‘Terrible Famine in China: Thousands Dying of Starvation’, Aberdeen Journal, 5 May 1877, p. 5.

32. Joseph Edkins, ‘Letter from China’, Academy, 21 July 1877, p. 68.

33. Anon., ‘Another Asiastic Famine’, York Herald, 2 August 1877, p. 6.

34. Anon., ‘China’, Ipswich Journal, and Suffolk, Norfolk, Essex, and Cambridgeshire Advertiser, 25 August 1877, p. 8.

35. Anon., ‘The Famine in China’, Saturday Review, 45, (1878), p. 271.

36. Anon., ‘Political and Social. Notes and Comments’, Examiner, 23 February 1878, p. [2].

37. ‘Anon., ‘The Famine in China’, Daily News, 15 March 1878, p. [5].

38. The Famine in China: Illustrations by a Native Artist, London: C. Kegan Paul, 1878, Plate III.

39. [Charles William Wason], The Great Famine: Report of the Committee of the China Famine Relief Fund, Shanghai: American Presbyterian Mission Press, 1879, pp. 3-9, 18-19.

40. H. E. Timothy Richard, ‘Despatches’, in [Charles William Wason], The Great Famine: Report of the Committee of the China Famine Relief Fund, Shanghai: American Presbyterian Mission Press, 1879, pp. 34-7, 41-2, 46-50, 66.

41. Walter Kirton, A Silent War or the Great Famine in Kiangpeh, Shanghai: North-China Daily News & Herald, 1907, pp. 37-8, 40-1.

42. Hu Tien Tsing, ‘An Account of my Trip to the Famine Region’, Nanking University Magazine, Volume 2, September 1911, pp. 20-2.

43. Zuk-Vann Lee, ‘Educational Comments’, World’s Chinese Students’ Journal, Volume 5, Shanghai: The World’s Chinese Students’ Federation, 1906-1917, Images 448-9.

44. Anon., ‘The Famine in China’, Far Eastern Review, 8 (1912), pp. 319-20.

2.3. Trouble Abroad: India, Again

45. Anon., ‘Famines. India’, Ipswich Journal, and Suffolk, Norfolk, Essex, and Cambridgeshire Advertiser, 25 August 1877, p. 8.

46. W. G. Pedder, ‘Famine and Debt in India’, Nineteenth Century: A Monthly Review, 2 (1877), pp. 181, 184-7,194, 196-7.

47. H. M. Hyndman, Indian Famine and the Crisis in India, London: Edward Stanford, 1877, pp. 3-5, 24-5, 32, 34-6.

48. Sir William Digby, The Famine Campaign in Southern India, Madras, and Bombay Presidencies and Province of Mysore: 1876-1878, 2 vols, London: Longmans, Green, 1878, Volume 1, pp. viii, 45-55.

49. Dadabhai Naoroji, ‘The Poverty of India’ (1878), Extracts from Papers read before the Bombay Branch of the East India Association, April, and July 1876, Part I, London: Vincent Brooks, Day and Son, 1878, Images 17, 41, 43-4, 46-50, 59.

50. Report of the Indian Famine Commission. pt.1. Famine Relief, London: George Edward Eyre and William Spottiswoode, 1880, HC, Volume 52, Images 10-12, 16-21, 26-32, 38, 42-3, 77, 80, 82.

51. Anon. ‘Some Facts about the Famine in India’, Social-Democrat, no. 2, (1897), pp. 35-8.

52. Pandita Ramabai, ‘Famine Experiences’, in M. Koshambi (ed.) Pandita Ramabai: Through Her Own Words. Selected Works, New Delhi; Oxford University Press, 2000 pp. 251-68.  

53. Pandita Ramabai, ‘An Indescribably Sad Sight’, in George Lambert, India, The Horror-stricken Empire: Containing a Full Account, Elkhart, Indiana: Mennonite Pub., 1898, pp. 101-7.

54. Behramji M. Malabari, India in 1897, Bombay: A. J. Cambridge, 1898, Images 7-11.

55. J. J. Lohr. A Few Pictures from Chhattisgarh and the Central Provinces of India, Illustrating the Scenery, the Social Customs of the Sathámis and the Late Famine, np 1899, Images 114, 115.

56. J. A. Baines, ‘Famines in India’, India Ceylon Straits Settlements British North Borneo Hong-Kong. Volume 1, London Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner, 1899, Images 393-5.

57. An Indian. ‘How to Mitigate Indian Famines’, Review of Reviews (1900), pp. 191-2, on pp. 191-2.

58. Vaughan Nash. The Great Famine and its Causes; With Eight Photographs by the Author and a Map of India Showing the Famine Area, London: Longmans, Green, 1900, Images 115-22.

59. John M. Robertson, ‘The Duties of Empire’, The British Empire Series, Volume V, New York: Funk & Wagnalls, 1899-1902, Images 596-601, 603-4, 606-7.

60. William Loftus Hare, Famine in India: Its Causes and Effects, with a foreword by William Digby, C.I.E., London: P. S. King & Son, 1902, Images 33, 35, 36, 42, 51.

Index

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Editor(s)

Biography

Gail Turley Houston, Professor, British and Irish Literary Studies, University of New Mexico, USA