Social housing has long been delivered through mixed economy mechanisms, but there has been little focus in housing studies on what this means for housing organisations themselves. This book presents recent international research applying concepts of social enterprise and hybridity to illuminate organisational behaviour in the housing sector. It addresses critiques of the explanatory value of these concepts by exploring their underlying meanings and their application to diverse case studies worldwide. The concepts are found to be most useful where they inform dynamic analysis of hybridisation and identify underlying change mechanisms, rather than simply providing static descriptions of hybridity. Various chapters in the book show how analysis can be enriched by drawing on institutional theory to develop concepts such as competing organisational logics, trade-offs between social and commercial goals and resource transfers. The Book also looks at policy as a driver for hybridisation and to the regulatory challenges for policy systems that have come to rely on hybrid forms of delivery. A research agenda is proposed building on these conceptual frameworks to develop systematic approaches to data collection and analysis to enable clearer and more consistent meanings to emerge.
This book was published as a special issue of Housing Studies.
Table of Contents
1. Exploring the Meaning of Hybridity and Social Enterprise in Housing Organisations 2. Conceptualising Social Enterprise in Housing Organisations 3. The Quadruple Bottom Line and Nonprofit Housing Organizations in the United States 4. Entrenched Hybridity in Public Housing Agencies in the USA Mai Thi Nguyen, William M. Rohe and Spencer 5. Let a Hundred Flowers Bloom: Innovation and Diversity in Australian Not-for-Profit Housing Organisations 6. Expansion, Diversification, and Hybridization in Korean Public Housing 7. Negotiating Tensions: How Do Social Enterprises in the Homelessness Field Balance Social and Commercial Considerations? 8. Hybridity Enacted in a Large English Housing Association: A Tale of Strategy, Culture and Community Investment Means and Ends. Why Child Support Money is not Used to Meet Housing Costs 9. Magical or Monstrous? Hybridity in Social Housing Governance
David Mullins is Professor of Housing Policy, Third Sector Research Centre at the University of Birmingham. His research interests include housing governance, management and regulation, homelessness, third sector, hybrid organisations and social enterprises and public services. He is on the Coordination Committee of the European Network for Social Housing.
Darinka Czischke is a researcher and doctoral candidate at the Faculty of Architecture, Delft University of Technology. She was Director of the CECODHAS European Social Housing Observatory from 2005-2010. Her research interests include social housing, social enterprise, social innovation and socio-spatial integration.
Gerard van Bortel is a researcher of housing studies at the OTB Research Institute for the Built Environment, Delft University of Technology.