1st Edition

Hydrology and Hydroclimatology Principles and Applications

By M. Karamouz, S. Nazif, M. Falahi Copyright 2013
    740 Pages 322 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    This book presents a systematic approach to understanding and applying the principles of hydrology and hydroclimatology, examining the interactions among different components of the water cycle. It takes a fresh look at the fundamentals and challenges in hydrologic and hydroclimatic systems as well as climate change. The author describes the application of nontraditional data sets and new investigation techniques to water-related problems. He also examines long lead forecasting and simulation, time series analysis, and risk and uncertainty in hydrologic design.

    Introduction
    Introduction
    Systems Approach
    Hydrologic Cycle
    Hydrologic Variability
    Disposition of Energy and Matters
    Representations, Statistical and Simulation Models
    Extreme Values, Vulnerability, Risk and Uncertainty
    Water Availability
    Water Sustainability
    Tools and Techniques

    People’s Perception- Public Awareness
    Integrated Water Cycle Management
    Economics of Water
    Water Supply vs. Water Demand
    Clean Water Act
    Overall Organization of This Book
    Problems
    References

    Hydroclimatic Systems
    Introduction
    General Systems' Characteristics
    Systems Modeling
    The Earth System
    The Atmosphere
    The Lithosphere
    The Biosphere
    The Hydrosphere
    Hydrologic Cycle
    The Catchment Basin System
    Groundwater System
    Concluding Remarks
    Problems
    References

    Hydro-Climaticprocesses
    Introduction
    Atmosphere characteristics
    Physical Behavior of the Atmosphere
    Heat and Temperature Relationship
    Measures of Water Vapor in the Atmosphere
    Clouds and Precipitation Formation
    Climate Variability
    Case Studies
    Conclusion
    Problems
    References

    Hydrologic Cycle Analysis
    Introduction
    Precipitation
    Evaporation and Evapotranspiration
    Interception Storage and Depression Storage
    Infiltration
    Calculation of Excess Rainfall-Runoff
    Groundwater
    Reservoirs and Lakes
    Water balance
    Regionalizing the Hydrologic Data Using Kriging Method
    Summary
    Problems
    References

    Watershed
    Definition
    Watershed Geomorphology
    Hypsometric Curve
    Characteristics of Soil
    Channel Geomorphology
    Travel Time
    Land Use and Cover Impacts
    Concluding Remarks
    Problems
    References

    Surface Water Hydrology
    Introduction
    Estimation of Runoff Volume
    Hydrograph Theory
    Baseflow Estimation
    Unit Hydrograph
    Different Types of Unit Hydrographs
    Unit Hydrograph Adjustments
    Instantaneous Unit Hydrographs (IUH)
    Routing Methods

    Hydrologic Reservoir Routing
    Estuaries
    Water Quality Issues in Surface Water
    Problems
    References
    Appendix

    Groundwater Hydrology
    Introduction
    Groundwater Systems
    Groundwater Availability
    Groundwater Development
    Types of Aquifers
    Aquifer Characteristics
    Groundwater Balance
    Groundwater Movement
    Homogeneous and Isotropic Systems
    Transmissivity
    Dupuit- Forchheimer Theory of Free-Surface Flow
    Flow nets
    Wells
    Multiple-Well Systems
    Effective Conditions on Time-Drawdown Data
    Interaction between Surface and Groundwater
    Concluding Remarks
    Problems
    References

    Time Series Analysis
    Introduction
    Stochastic Processes
    Time Series
    Hydrological Time Series
    Hydrologic Time Series Modeling: Basic Steps
    Data Preparation
    Time Series Modeling in Hydrology
    Methods of Parameter Estimation
    Regression Based Methods
    Goodness of Fit Tests
    Spectral Analysis Based Methods
    Concluding Remarks
    Problems
    References
    Appendix

    Climate Change Impacts And Models
    Introduction
    The Greenhouse Effect
    The Carbon Cycle
    Climate Change Impact on Hydrologic Cycle
    Water Resource System Effects
    Climate Change Simulation
    Case Studies
    Problems
    References

    Probability, Risk and Uncertainty In Hydrologic Analysis
    Introduction
    Probability treatment of hydrologic data
    Common probabilistic models
    Return period or recurrence interval
    Reliability
    Risk
    Vulnerability
    Resiliency
    Uncertainty
    Problems
    References
    Appendix

    Hydrologic Simulation
    Introduction
    Mathematical Simulation Techniques
    Physical Models Simulation
    Problems
    References

    Drought Analysis and Management
    Introduction
    Drought as a Hazard
    Drought Definition
    Climatic Drought
    Hydrologic Drought
    Agricultural Drought
    Hybrid Drought Index
    Geostatistic Tools in Drought Studies
    Drought Preparedness/Management
    Problems
    References

    Flood
    Introduction
    Flood Types
    Flood Analysis
    Flood Prediction
    Flood Routing
    Urban Floods
    Understanding Flood Hazards
    Evacuation Zones
    Flood Damage
    Resiliency
    Floodplain Management
    Case Studies
    Problems
    References

    Introduction
    Introduction
    Systems Approach
    Hydrologic Cycle
    Hydrologic Variability
    Disposition of Energy and Matters
    Representations, Statistical and Simulation Models
    Extreme Values, Vulnerability, Risk and Uncertainty
    Water Availability
    Water Sustainability
    Tools and Techniques

    People’s Perception- Public Awareness
    Integrated Water Cycle Management
    Economics of Water
    Water Supply vs. Water Demand
    Clean Water Act
    Overall Organization of This Book
    Problems
    References

    Hydroclimatic Systems
    Introduction
    General Systems' Characteristics
    Systems Modeling
    The Earth System
    The Atmosphere
    The Lithosphere
    The Biosphere
    The Hydrosphere
    Hydrologic Cycle
    The Catchment Basin System
    Groundwater System
    Concluding Remarks
    Problems
    References

    Hydro-Climaticprocesses
    Introduction
    Atmosphere characteristics
    Physical Behavior of the Atmosphere
    Heat and Temperature Relationship
    Measures of Water Vapor in the Atmosphere
    Clouds and Precipitation Formation
    Climate Variability
    Case Studies
    Conclusion
    Problems
    References

    Hydrologic Cycle Analysis
    Introduction
    Precipitation
    Evaporation and Evapotranspiration
    Interception Storage and Depression Storage
    Infiltration
    Calculation of Excess Rainfall-Runoff
    Groundwater
    Reservoirs and Lakes
    Water balance
    Regionalizing the Hydrologic Data Using Kriging Method
    Summary
    Problems
    References

    Watershed
    Definition
    Watershed Geomorphology
    Hypsometric Curve
    Characteristics of Soil
    Channel Geomorphology
    Travel Time
    Land Use and Cover Impacts
    Concluding Remarks
    Problems
    References

    Surface Water Hydrology
    Introduction
    Estimation of Runoff Volume
    Hydrograph Theory
    Baseflow Estimation
    Unit Hydrograph
    Different Types of Unit Hydrographs
    Unit Hydrograph Adjustments
    Instantaneous Unit Hydrographs (IUH)
    Routing Methods

    Hydrologic Reservoir Routing
    Estuaries
    Water Quality Issues in Surface Water
    Problems
    References
    Appendix

    Groundwater Hydrology
    Introduction
    Groundwater Systems
    Groundwater Availability
    Groundwater Development
    Types of Aquifers
    Aquifer Characteristics
    Groundwater Balance
    Groundwater Movement
    Homogeneous and Isotropic Systems
    Transmissivity
    Dupuit- Forchheimer Theory of Free-Surface Flow
    Flow nets
    Wells
    Multiple-Well Systems
    Effective Conditions on Time-Drawdown Data
    Interaction between Surface and Groundwater
    Concluding Remarks
    Problems
    References

    Time Series Analysis
    Introduction
    Stochastic Processes
    Time Series
    Hydrological Time Series
    Hydrologic Time Series Modeling: Basic Steps
    Data Preparation
    Time Series Modeling in Hydrology
    Methods of Parameter Estimation
    Regression Based Methods
    Goodness of Fit Tests
    Spectral Analysis Based Methods
    Concluding Remarks
    Problems
    References
    Appendix

    Climate Change Impacts And Models
    Introduction
    The Greenhouse Effect
    The Carbon Cycle
    Climate Change Impact on Hydrologic Cycle
    Water Resource System Effects
    Climate Change Simulation
    Case Studies
    Problems
    References

    Probability, Risk and Uncertainty In Hydrologic Analysis
    Introduction
    Probability treatment of hydrologic data
    Common probabilistic models
    Return period or recurrence interval
    Reliability
    Risk
    Vulnerability
    Resiliency
    Uncertainty
    Problems
    References
    Appendix

    Hydrologic Simulation
    Introduction
    Mathematical Simulation Techniques
    Physical Models Simulation
    Problems
    References

    Drought Analysis and Management
    Introduction
    Drought as a Hazard
    Drought Definition
    Climatic Drought
    Hydrologic Drought
    Agricultural Drought
    Hybrid Drought Index
    Geostatistic Tools in Drought Studies
    Drought Preparedness/Management
    Problems
    References

    Flood
    Introduction
    Flood Types
    Flood Analysis
    Flood Prediction
    Flood Routing
    Urban Floods
    Understanding Flood Hazards
    Evacuation Zones
    Flood Damage
    Resiliency
    Floodplain Management
    Case Studies
    Problems
    References

    Biography

    M. Karamouz, S. Nazif, M. Falahi