Hydrology and Water Resource Systems Analysis: 1st Edition (e-Book) book cover

Hydrology and Water Resource Systems Analysis

1st Edition

By Maria A. Mimikou, Evangelos A. Baltas, Vassilios A. Tsihrintzis

CRC Press

448 pages | 208 B/W Illus.

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Hydrology and water resources analysis can be looked at together, but this is the only book which presents the relevant material and which bridges the gap between scientific processes and applications in one text. New methods and programs for solving hydrological problems are outlined in a concise and readily accessible form.

Hydrology and Water Resource Systems Analysis includes a number of illustrations and tables, with fully solved example problems integrated within the text. It describes a systematic treatment of various surface water estimation techniques; and provides detailed treatment of theory and applications of groundwater flow for both steady-state and unsteady-state conditions; time series analysis and hydrological simulation; floodplain management; reservoir and stream flow routing; sedimentation and erosion hydraulics; urban hydrology; the hydrological design of basic hydraulic structures; storage spillways and energy dissipation for flood control, optimization techniques for water management projects; and methods for uncertainty analysis.

It is written for advanced undergraduate and graduate students and for practitioners. Hydrologists and water-related professionals will be helped with an unfamiliar term or a new subject area, or be given a formula, the procedure for solving a problem, or guidance on the computer packages which are available, or shown how to obtain values from a table of data. For them it is a compendium of hydrological practice rather than science, but sufficient scientific background is provided to enable them to understand the hydrological processes in a given problem, and to appreciate the limitations of the methods presented for solving it.


"This book provides a balanced approach to surface, subsurface and contaminant hydrology… [and] a good tool that will help prepare students of hydrology in analyzing, studying and solving issues in the real world. The text is user friendly, and consists of basic figures with numerous reference examples which students will appreciate. It is also a good reference companion for professional engineers and environmental scientists."

—Izzat Hamawi, California State University, Los Angeles, USA

"… covers important aspects of groundwater hydrology and hydrologic modeling. A good book for an undergraduate curriculum."

—Malay Ghose-Hajra, The University of New Orleans

Table of Contents



Science of Hydrology

Historical Evolution of Hydrology

Classification of Hydrology

Hydrological Cycle

Hydrological Variables and Their Units of Measurement

River Basin

Scale in Hydrology

Worldwide Distribution of Water

Hydrological Balance


Precipitation and Hydrological Losses


Formation of Atmospheric Precipitation

Precipitation Types

Cooling Mechanisms and Types of Precipitation

Measurement of Precipitation

Installation of Network of Point Measurement Devices

Test of Data Homogeneity and Analysis of Double Cumulative Curves

Completion of Rainfall Measurements: Adaptation to Different Altitudes

Surface Integration of Areal Rainfall from Point Measurements

Hydrological Losses



Infiltration Rate Estimation




River Basin



Discharge Estimation Using Hydrometric Data

Rainfall–Runoff Relationships: Empirical Methods

Rainfall–Runoff Relationships: The UH


Probability and Statistics in Hydrology

General Concepts and Definitions

Random Variable


Some Important Discrete Distributions

Some Important Continuous Distributions

Statistical Analysis of Extremes

Testing of the Distributions

Intensity–Duration–Frequency Curves


Groundwater Hydrology


Soil and Aquifer Parameters

Classification of Aquifers

Field Measurements

Mathematical Problem of Groundwater

General Expression of Groundwater Flow

Analytical Solutions of Steady Flow

Theory of Images

Analytical Solutions of Non-Uniform Flow

Well Losses

Aquifer Recharge



Hydrologic Design


Sizing of Reservoirs

Conventional Method of Sizing the Active Reservoir Volume

Sizing of a Reservoir in a River Site without Measurements

Sizing of the Dead Reservoir Volume

Sizing of the Reservoir’s Flood Volume

Hydrologic Design of Flood Safety (Protection) Structures

Hydrologic Design of a River Diversion

Hydrologic Design of Other Water Structure-Specific Issues


Urban Hydrology: Stormwater Management


Urban Runoff Quantity Computations

Urban Runoff Quality Computations

Surface Runoff Quantity and Quality Management

Sediment Transport and Erosion


Properties of Sediment

Flow Resistance

Incipient Motion

Sediment Transport Formulas

Land Erosion and Watershed Sediment Yield


About the Authors

Dr. Maria A. Mimikou is a professor of Hydrology and Water Recourses in the School of Civil Engineering at the National Technical University of Athens and director of the Laboratory of Hydrology and Water Resources Management, Greece. She established the Center of Hydrology and Informatics (www.chi.civil.ntua.gr/) and the Hydrological Observatory of Athens (http://hoa.ntua.gr/). She has vast experience in water resources systems, modelling and management; urban, rural, coastal and stochastic hydrology; soil erosion and sediment transport; forecasting and risk assessment of extremes; hydrological studies and field works. She has authored several books and peer-reviewed papers. She is coordinator of many EU competitive and national research projects.

Dr. Evangelos A. Baltas is a professor in the School of Civil Engineering at the National Technical University of Athens (NTUA), Greece. He actively participated in the establishment of the Center of Hydrology and Informatics (CHI) in Athens, which comprises the NTUA meteorological network, the database of the hydrological information and the experimental basin. He has also offered engineering consultation services in the fields of his expertise to the EU, Greek ministries, public organizations and private companies in the United States and Europe. He has been the principal investigator or researcher in competitive EU and national funded programs related to integrated water resources management.

Dr. Vassilios A. Tsihrintzis is a professor of ecological engineering and technology at the

School of Rural and Surveying Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Greece. He regularly teaches engineering hydrology, urban water management, fluid mechanics, groundwater, environmental engineering and natural wastewater treatment systems. He has

also served as a professor and head of the Department of Environmental Engineering,

Democritus University of Thrace, Greece, for several years, and was also an associate professor of water resources engineering at Florida International University, Miami. Dr. Tsihrintzis has experience as a practicing civil and environmental engineer both in the United States and Greece.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCIENCE / Environmental Science
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Civil / Dams & Reservoirs