Ideals and Ideologies: A Reader is a comprehensive compilation of classic and contemporary readings representing all of the major "isms." It offers students a generous sampling of key thinkers in different ideological traditions and places them in their historical and political contexts. Used on its own or with Political Ideologies and the Democratic Ideal, the anthology accounts for the different ways people use ideology and conveys the continuing importance of ideas in politics.
New to this 11th Edition:
- Alexander Keyssar, "Voter Suppression, Then and Now" (a distinguished historian traces the tawdry history of attempts, successful and unsuccessful, to disenfranchise voters).
- Andrew Sullivan, "Democracies End When They Become Too Democratic" (an eminent conservative commentator and author argues that, under certain circumstances, democracies pose a danger to their very own existence).
- Timothy Egan, "The Dumbed Down Democracy" (a prominent author and columnist argues that American democracy has been "dumbed down" due, in large part, to the absence of civic education in the public school curriculum).
- Max Boot and David Brooks, "Conservatives Assess Trump" (two leading contemporary conservatives ponder the fundamental ideological problems the current president poses for the movement, and consider the ways in which Donald Trump is—and isn’t—a true conservative).
- Eugene V. Debs, "Speech to the Conference for Progressive Political Action" (an early 20th-century American socialist and former presidential candidate articulates his vision for a new workers’ party that would challenge capitalism in the United States).
- Robert Kagan, "This is How Fascism Comes to America" (a prominent neoconservative historian detects disturbing parallels between the rise of Donald Trump and that of various interwar fascists).
- Erik Loomis, "A New Chapter in the Black Liberation Movement" (an American historian makes the case for Black Liberation with a particularly compelling case study: how prisoners (mainly black) work essentially as slaves in both public and for-profit prisons in the United States).
- Black Lives Matter, "A Vision for Black Lives: Demands for Black Power, Freedom & Justice" (leaders of the Black Lives Matter movement set forth their basic ideological beliefs and public policy prescriptions).
- Josephine Livingstone, "The Task Ahead for Feminism" (the author argues that much remains to be done after the #MeToo movement).
Table of Contents
Preface to the Eleventh Edition
Part 1 The Concept of Ideology
1.1 Terrell Carver—Ideology: The Career of a Concept
Part 2 The Democratic Ideal: Historical and Philosophical Foundations
2.2 Euripides—Democracy and Despotism
2.3 Pericles—Funeral Oration
2.4 Aristotle—Democratic Judgment and the "Middling" Constitution
2.5 Niccolò Machiavelli—What’s Wrong with Princely Rule?
2.6 John Adams—What Is a Republic?
2.7 Bill of Rights of the United States
2.8 Alexis de Tocqueville—Democracy and Equality
2.9 John Stuart Mill—Democratic Participation and Political Education
2.10 Alexander Keyssar---Voter Suppression, Then and Now
2.11 Andrew Sullivan—Democracies End When They Become Too Democratic
2.12 Timothy Egan—The Dumbed Down Democracy
Part 3 Liberalism
3.13 Thomas Hobbes—The State of Nature and the Basis of Obligation
3.14 John Locke—Toleration and Government
3.15 Thomas Paine—Government, Rights, and the Freedom of Generations
3.16 Declaration of Independence of the United States
3.17 Declaration of the Rights of Man and of Citizens
3.18 Adam Smith—Private Profit, Public Good
3.19 Immanuel Kant—Freedom and Enlightenment
3.20 John StuartMill—Liberty and Individuality
3.21 William Graham Sumner—According to the Fitness of Things
3.22 T. H. Green—Liberalism and Positive Freedom
3.23 Franklin D. Roosevelt—Commonwealth Club Address (1932)
3.24 Lyndon B. Johnson—"To Fulfill These Rights": Speech at Howard University
3.25 Paul Krugman—The Conscience of a Liberal
3.26 Donald Allen—Paternalism vs. Democracy: A Libertarian View
3.27 Murray Rothbard—Libertarian Anarchism
3.28 Terence Ball—A Libertarian Utopia
Part 4 Conservatism
4.29 Edmund Burke—Society, Reverence, and the "True Natural Aristocracy"
4.30 Joseph de Maistre—Conservatism as Reaction
4.31 Michael Oakeshott—On Being Conservative
4.32 Russell Kirk—Ten Conservative Principles
4.33 Ronald Reagan—Modern American Conservatism
4.34 Irving Kristol—The Neoconservative Persuasion
4.35 Max Boot and David Brooks---Conservatives Assess Trump
Part 5 Socialism and Communism: From More to Marx
5.36 Thomas More—Utopia
5.37 Robert Owen—Address to the Inhabitants of New Lanark
5.38 Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels—The Communist Manifesto
5.39 Karl Marx—On the Materialist Conception of History
Part 6 Socialism and Communism After Marx
6.40 Eduard Bernstein—Evolutionary Socialism
6.41 V. I. Lenin—Revisionism, Imperialism, and Revolution
6.42 Leon Trotsky—The Permanent Revolution
6.43 Mao Zedong—On the People’s Democratic Dictatorship
6.44 Mikhail Bakunin—Anarcho-Communism vs. Marxism
6.45 Emma Goldman—Anarchism: What It Really Stands For
6.46 Eugene V. Debs—Speech to the Conference for Progressive Political Action
6.47 Bernie Sanders—On Democratic Socialism in the United States
Part 7 Fascism
7.48 Joseph-Arthur de Gobineau—Civilization and Race
7.49 Benito Mussolini—The Doctrine of Fascism
7.50 Alfredo Rocco—The Political Theory of Fascism
7.51 Adolf Hitler—Nation and Race
7.52 Robert Kagan—This is How Fascism Comes to America
Part 8 Liberation Ideologies and the Politics of Identity
8.53 Frederick Douglass—What to the Slave Is the Fourth of July?
8.54 Cornel West—Race Matters
8.55 Erik Loomis---A New Chapter in the Black Liberation Movement
8.56 Black Lives Matter---A Vision for Black Lives: Demands for Black Power, Freedom & Justice
8.57 Mary Wollstonecraft—A Vindication of the Rights of Woman
8.58 Seneca Falls Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions
8.59 Marilyn Frye—Oppression
8.60 bell hooks—Feminism Is for Everybody
8.61 Josephine Livingstone—The Task Ahead for Feminism
8.62 John Corvino—Homosexuality: The Nature and Harm Arguments
8.63 Vine Deloria, Jr.—On Liberation
8.64 Gustavo Gutierrez—Liberation Theology
8.65 Peter Singer—All Animals Are Equal
Part 9 "Green" Politics: Ecology as Ideology
9.66 Leslie Paul Thiele—Sustainability in the Age of Ecology
9.67 Wendell Berry—Getting Along with Nature
9.68 Val Plumwood—Feminism and the Mastery of Nature
9.69 James H. Cone—Whose Earth Is It, Anyway?
9.70 Pope Francis—Laudato Si’: On Care for our Common Home
Part 10 Radical Islamism
10.71 Sayyid Qutb—Signposts Along the Road
10.72 Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini—The Necessity for Islamic Government
10.73 Osama Bin Laden and Others—Jihad Against Jews and Crusaders
10.74 Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi (ISIS)—Declaration of a Caliphate
TERENCE BALL received his Ph.D. from the University of California at Berkeley and is now Emeritus Professor of Political Science and Philosophy at Arizona State University. He taught previously at the University of Minnesota and has held visiting professorships at Oxford University, Cambridge University, and the University of California, San Diego. His books include Transforming Political Discourse (1988), Reappraising Political Theory (1995), and a mystery novel, Rousseau’s Ghost (1998). He has also edited The Federalist (2003), James Madison (2008), Abraham Lincoln: Political Writings and Speeches (2013), and coedited The Cambridge History of Twentieth-Century Political Thought (2003).
RICHARD DAGGER earned his Ph.D. from the University of Minnesota and has taught at Arizona State University and Rhodes College, and the University of Richmond, where he is currently the E. Claiborne Robins Distinguished Chair in the Liberal Arts. He is the author of many publications in political and legal philosophy, including Civic Virtues: Rights, Citizenship, and Republican Liberalism (1997) and Playing Fair: Political Obligation and the Problem of Punishment (2018).
DANIEL I. O’NEILL holds a Ph.D. from the University of California at Los Angeles and is now Associate Professor of Political Science at the University of Florida. He is the author of The Burke-Wollstonecraft Debate: Savagery, Civilization, and Democracy (2007), coeditor of Illusion of Consent: Engaging with Carole Pateman (2008), and author, most recently, of Edmund Burke and the Conservative Logic of Empire (2016).
"An anthology of classic readings, Ideals and Ideologies has itself become a classic. This is a deep reflection on and of our political world. Introducing students to the powerful ideas that have mobilized and inspired political actors and causes across the contemporary landscape, it is a wonderful teaching tool and useful reference guide. Chosen for accessibility as well as significance, and updated with important and timely new voices, each reading is expertly introduced by the editors. This eleventh edition maintains the high standards one has come to expect from Ball, Dagger, and O’Neill." — Simone Chambers, University of California-Irvine, USA
"The reason this anthology is now in its eleventh edition is that Ball, Dagger and O’Neil strike the right balance between historical and contemporary as they expertly select, introduce and contextualize essential readings for the study of political ideologies. Offering an accessible and profound account of the significance and role of ideas in politics, Ideas and Ideologies continues to hold its place as one of the leading introductory textbooks for undergraduate teaching of political theory." — Michaelle L. Browers, Wake Forest University, USA