Ideals and Ideologies: A Reader is a comprehensive compilation of classic and original readings representing all of the major 'isms'. It offers students a generous sampling of key thinkers in different ideological traditions and places them in their historical and political contexts. Used on its own or with Political Ideologies and the Democratic Ideal, the title accounts for the different ways people use ideology and conveys the ongoing importance of ideas in politics.
NEW TO THIS EDITION
- Paul Krugman, "The Conscience of a Liberal" (A distinguished Nobel Laureate’s defense of liberalism as a kind of rational conservatism, inasmuch as it seeks to conserve the gains and reforms of the New Deal and the Great Society – Social Security, Medicare, minority voting rights, environmental protection, and more.)
- Robert George, et al., "Manhattan Declaration: A Call of Christian Conscience" (The authors and signers of this 2009 declaration contend that the secularizing of America has gone too far and that Christians must work to reverse this trend.)
- Bernie Sanders, "On Democratic Socialism in the United States" (The fiery former candidate for the 2016 Democratic presidential nomination, who calls himself a "democratic socialist," offers an unapologetic defense of his creed.)
- bell hooks, "Feminism is for Everybody" (A distinguished feminist theorist and author argues that feminism isn’t only for or about women, but benefits everyone.)
- Val Plumwood, "Feminism and the Mastery Nature" (An eminent Australian ecofeminist emphasizes what feminists bring to the debate over human beings’ role and relationship with nature.)
- Vine Deloria, Jr., "On Liberation" (A prominent Native American author and thinker outlines his vision of native people’s liberation.)
- Pope Francis, "Laudato Si’: On Care for our Common Home" (The current Pope’s pleas for Christians and others to address climate change and other environmental issues.)
- Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, "Declaration of a Caliphate" (The radical Islamist leader or caliph of Islamic State [ISIS] announces the creation of a spiritual and geographic home for all "true" Muslims.)
Table of Contents
Preface to the Tenth Edition
Part 1 The Concept of Ideology
1.1 Terrell Carver—Ideology: The Career of a Concept
Part 2 The Democratic Ideal: Historical and Philosophical Foundations
2.2 Euripides—Democracy and Despotism
2.3 Pericles—Funeral Oration
2.4 Aristotle—Democratic Judgment and the "Middling" Constitution
2.5 Niccolò Machiavelli—What’s Wrong with Princely Rule?
2.6 John Adams—What Is a Republic?
2.7 Bill of Rights of the United States
2.8 Alexis de Tocqueville—Democracy and Equality
2.9 John Stuart Mill—Democratic Participation and Political Education
2.10 Alexander Keyssar—The Strange Career of Voter Suppression
Part 3 Liberalism
3.11 Thomas Hobbes—The State of Nature and the Basis of Obligation
3.12 John Locke—Toleration and Government
3.13 Thomas Paine—Government, Rights, and the Freedom of Generations
3.14 Declaration of Independence of the United States
3.15 Declaration of the Rights of Man and of Citizens
3.16 Adam Smith—Private Profit, Public Good
3.17 Immanuel Kant—Freedom and Enlightenment
3.18 John Stuart Mill—Liberty and Individuality
3.19 William Graham Sumner—According to the Fitness of Things
3.20 T. H. Green—Liberalism and Positive Freedom
3.21 Franklin D. Roosevelt—Commonwealth Club Address (1932)
3.22 Lyndon B. Johnson—"To Fulfill These Rights": Speech at Howard University
3.23 Barack Obama—Speech at Osawatomie, Kansas
3.24 Paul Krugman—The Conscience of a Liberal
3.25 Donald Allen—Paternalism vs. Democracy: A Libertarian View
3.26 Murray Rothbard—Libertarian Anarchism
3.27 Terence Ball—A Libertarian Utopia
Part 4 Conservatism 152
4.28 Edmund Burke—Society, Reverence, and the "True Natural Aristocracy"
4.29 Joseph de Maistre—Conservatism as Reaction
4.30 Michael Oakeshott—On Being Conservative
4.31 Russell Kirk—Ten Conservative Principles
4.32 Ronald Reagan—Modern American Conservatism
4.33 Irving Kristol—The Neoconservative Persuasion
4.34 Robert George, et al.—Manhattan Declaration: A Call of Christian Conscience
Part 5 Socialism and Communism: More to Marx
5.35 Thomas More—Utopia
5.36 Robert Owen—Address to the Inhabitants of New Lanark
5.37 Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels—The Communist Manifesto
5.38 Karl Marx—On the Materialist Conception of History
Part 6 Socialism and Communism After Marx
6.39 Eduard Bernstein—Evolutionary Socialism
6.40 V. I. Lenin—Revisionism, Imperialism, and Revolution
6.41 Leon Trotsky—The Permanent Revolution
6.42 Mao Zedong—On the People’s Democratic Dictatorship
6.43 Mikhail Bakunin—Anarcho-Communism vs. Marxism
6.44 Emma Goldman—Anarchism: What It Really Stands For
6.45 Edward Bellamy—Looking Backward
6.46 Bernie Sanders—On Democratic Socialism in the United States
Part 7 Fascism
7.47 Joseph-Arthur de Gobineau—Civilization and Race
7.48 Benito Mussolini—The Doctrine of Fascism
7.49 Alfredo Rocco—The Political Theory of Fascism
7.50 Adolf Hitler—Nation and Race
7.51 Andrew Macdonald [William L. Pierce]—The Turner Diaries
Part 8 Liberation Ideologies and the Politics of Identity
8.52 Frederick Douglass—What to the Slave Is the Fourth of July?
8.53 Cornel West—Race Matters
8.54 Mary Wollstonecraft—A Vindication of the Rights of Woman
8.55 Olympe de Gouges—Declaration of the Rights of Woman and the
8.56 Seneca Falls Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions
8.57 Marilyn Frye—Oppression
8.58 bell hooks—Feminism is for Everybody
8.59 John Corvino—Homosexuality: The Nature and Harm Arguments
8.60 Vine Deloria, Jr.—On Liberation
8.61 Gustavo Gutierrez—Liberation Theology
8.62 Peter Singer—All Animals Are Equal
Part 9 Green Politics: Ecology as Ideology
9.63 Leslie Paul Thiele—Sustainability in the Age of Ecology
9.64 Wendell Berry—Getting Along with Nature
9.65 Val Plumwood—Feminism and Mastery of Nature
9.66 James H. Cone—Whose Earth Is It, Anyway?
9.67 Pope Francis—Laudato Si’: On Care forour Common Home
Part10 Radical Islamism
10.68 Sayyid Qutb—Signposts Along the Road
10.69 Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini—The Necessity for Islamic Government
10.70 Osama Bin Laden and Others—Jihad Against Jews and Crusaders
10.71 Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi (ISIS)—Declaration of a Caliphate
Terence Ball received his Ph.D. from the University of California at Berkeley and is Professor of Political Science at Arizona State University (emeritus). He taught previously at the University of Minnesota and has held visiting professorships at Oxford University, Cambridge University, and the University of California, San Diego.
Richard Dagger earned his Ph.D. from the University of Minnesota and is now Professor of Political Science at the University of Richmond. He has taught at Arizona State University and Rhodes College, and has been a faculty fellow of the Center for Ethics and Public Affairs, Tulane University.
Daniel I. O'Neill holds a Ph.D. from the University of California at Los Angeles and is now Associate Professor of Political Science at the University of Florida.
An anthology of classic readings, Ideals and Ideologies has itself become a classic. This is a textbook, but it is also a deep reflection on and of our political world. Introducing students to the powerful ideas that have mobilized and inspired political actors and causes across the contemporary landscape, it is a wonderful teaching tool and useful reference guide. Chosen for accessibility as well as significance, and updated with important and timely new voices, each reading is expertly introduced by the editors. This latest edition maintains the high standards one has come to expect from Ball, Dagger, and O’Neill.
Simone Chambers, University of California-Irvine, USA
This comprehensive, up-to-date, judicious selection of sources reveals alternative ideologies in their contexts and especially as practically applied in American discourse and policy. An important collection with concise introductions, edited by some of the most informed American teachers and scholars of political theory and political thought, it is well-suited for student use and for anyone seeking to make sense of the evolution of conflicting worldviews and their consequences.
Janet Coleman, London School of Economics, UK
The leading introductory textbook in political theory for good reason, Ideals and Ideologies continues to provide the accessibility and clarity demanded by students without sacrificing the richness and rigor desired by faculty. The tenth edition maintains the hallmarks of the previous versions: a comprehensive yet manageable collection, featuring classic statements alongside less orthodox voices and visions, all updated with new "-isms" and thinkers for the contemporary reader, who will appreciate the insightful introductions, helpful annotations, and modernized translations.
Robert W.T. Martin, Hamilton College, USA
This long-essential reader continues to demonstrate the relevance of political ideologies for the present. Combining classic texts in the history of political thought with decisive declarations and manifestos, the most recent edition invites study of new texts from Krugman, Sanders, hooks, and Pope Francis as well as the Manhattan Declaration and ISIS's Declaration of a Caliphate.
Michaelle L. Browers, Wake Forest University, USA