1st Edition

India and Germany in a Turbulent World Perceptions, Perspectives, Prospects

By Rajendra K. Jain Copyright 2025
    574 Pages
    by Routledge

    India shares a multi-dimensional relationship with the Federal Republic of Germany. Germany is India's largest trading partner within the European Union, and is also a major source and destination of foreign direct investment, a significant donor, and an important source of technology.

    Drawing on English and German language source material, this book covers the evolution and expansion of India’s economic, political, defence, and scientific-technological ties with Germany from 1947 to the present day. It analyses mutual perceptions, highlights the elements of convergence and divergence, and discusses the challenges and prospects of this relationship in a world marked by geopolitical uncertainty.

    Print edition not for sale in South Asia (India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bangladesh, Pakistan and Bhutan)

    List of Tables
    List of Abbreviations
    1. Nehru and Adenauer, 1949-1964
    2. Benign Neglect, 1965-1990
    3. Relations in the Post-Cold War Era, 1990-2004
    4. Manmohan Singh, 2004-2014
    5. Proactive Engagement: Modi, 2014-2023
    6. Perceptions and Misperceptions
    7. Defence Cooperation and German Arms Transfers to India
    8. Conclusions
    Appendix 1
    India-German Visits, 1946-2023
    Appendix 2
    India-Germany Agreements, 1948-2023
    Appendix 3
    Formats of Indo-German Dialogue


    Rajendra K. Jain was formerly Professor and Chairperson at the Centre for European Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India and Visiting Professor, Warsaw University (February-May 2022). He was Alexander von Humboldt Foundation Fellow/Professor at the universities of Constance, Freiburg, Leipzig, and Tübingen and Science and Politics Foundation (SWP), Ebenhausen (1995). He has been the first Jean Monnet Chair in India and Adjunct Research Professor, Monash European and EU Studies Centre, Melbourne (2010-2015).