Our emotions define us as individuals: Each of us has unique ways of feeling and emotionally responding. In this Special Issue several contemporary approaches to emotion are used to gain insight in the ways people differ with regard to two of the most central features of emotions, their multicomponential and dynamical nature.
Different theoretical perspectives on how individual differences in emotion should be considered and studied are offered by Russell, Feldman Barrett, Scherer, and Larsen. Innovative empirical studies on individual differences in emotional experience are discussed by another set of articles by Smith, Van Mechelen, Silvia, and Verduyn and their respective colleagues. Finally, Frijda reflects on the challenges and controversies that emerge from the Special Issue. Together, the contributions of this Special Issue offer a cutting-edge view of current thinking and research, in which individual differences in the componential architecture of emotions as well as the unfolding of emotions over time are used as a stepping stone, not only to the understanding of how and why people differ emotionally, but also to the understanding of the nature of emotion itself.
P. Kuppens, J. Stouten, B. Mesquita, Individual Differences in Emotion Components and Dynamics: Introduction to the Special Issue. J.A. Russell, Emotion, Core Affect, and Psychological Construction. L. Feldman Barrett, Variety is the Spice of Life: A Psychological Construction Approach to Understanding Variability in Emotion. K.R. Scherer, The Dynamic Architecture of Emotion: Evidence for the Component Process Model. C.A. Smith, L.D. Kirby, Putting Appraisal in Context: Toward a Relational Model of Appraisal and Emotion. I. Van Mechelen, K. Hennes, The Appraisal Basis of Anger Occurrence and Intensity Revisited. P.J. Silvia, R.A. Henson, J.L. Templin, Are the Sources of Interest the Same for Everyone? Using Multilevel Mixture Models to Explore Individual Differences in Appraisal Structures. R.J. Larsen, A.A. Augustine, Z. Prizmic, A Process Approach to Emotion and Personality: Using Time as a Facet of Data. P. Verduyn, I. Van Mechelen, F. Tuerlinckx, K. Meers, H. Van Coillie, Intensity Profiles of Emotional Experience Over Time. N.H. Frijda, Emotions, Individual Differences and Time Course: Reflections.