Industrial Applications of Marine Biopolymers presents different classes of marine biopolymers and their industrial applications, demonstrating the precious value of ocean resources to society. This timely volume discusses the exceedingly useful polymers derived from these materials that are biodegradable, biocompatible, and at times water soluble. Direct use or chemically modified forms of such biomaterials have many chemical sites, making them suitable for varied types of industrial applications. In addition, this book also addresses current global challenges of conservation, including extended drought conditions and the need for improved agricultural methods, together with new bio-medical developments. It is suitable for anyone who has an interest in the industrial applications of biopolymers.
Table of Contents
Part – I Isolation and physicochemical characterization of marine biopolymers. Introduction to marine biopolymers. Isolation of marine biopolymers. Physicochemical characterization of marine biopolymers. Isolation and characterization of chitin and chitosan. Isolation and characterization of alginate from seaweeds. Isolation and characterization of carrageenans and agar / agarose. Influence of physicochemical properties of chitin and chitosan on its potential applications. Structural characteristics of marine biopolymers. Isolation and characterization techniques used for hydroxyapatite. Biosynthesis of marine biopolymers. Electrostatic properties of marine biopolymers. Applications of analytical tools such as NMR, IR and Mass spectrometry to analyse the structural properties of marine biopolymers. Mechanical properties of Marine biopolymers and its derivatives. Use of X-Ray diffraction analysis on Marine biopolymers. Production of marine biopolymers through enzymatics process. Chemical modification of chitin and chitosan for its potential applications. Enzymatic modification of marine biopolymers. Effect of Molecular weight and the degree of deacetylation of chitosan and its determination. Isolation and characterization of hyaluronic acid. Isolation of low-molecular weight biopolymers from marine sources. Physio-chemical characterization of tunicin, laminarin and furcellaran. Isolation and characterization of inorganic biopolymer.Part – II Biological and Biomedical applications of the marine biopolymers Chapter 1: Marine biopolymers for anti-cancer drugs.Chapter 2: Drug Delivery applications of chitin and chitosan.Chapter 3: Gene delivery applications of chitin and chitosan.Chapter 4: Biological activities of Marine biopolymers.Chapter 5: Applications of nano form of biopolymers.Chapter 6: Nanocomposites and nanoparticles of biopolymers in bio-nano-technology.Chapter 7: Antimicrobial activity of marine biopolymers.Chapter 8: Role of Alginate in drug delivery applications.Chapter 9: Application of marine hydroxyapatite scaffolds in bone tissue engineering.Chapter 10: Modified marine polysaccharides and Seaweads in drug delivery applications.Chapter 11: Marine biopolymers as carriers and immunoadjuvants in vaccine delivery.Chapter 12: Antidiabetic activity and anticolestic activity of marine biopolymers.Chapter 13: Antiviral activity of marine biopolymers.Chapter 14: Potential anticoagulant effect of marine derived biopolymers.Chapter 15: Marine biopolymers for antiallergic therapeutics.
P. N. Sudha was born in 1963. She is a Professor of Chemistry in DKM College, Thiruvalluvar University, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India since 1987 and at present holds the post of Principal of the College. She has obtained her Doctoral degree in Chemistry – Biology Interdisciplinary science from Madras University. She is a Fellow of International Congress of Chemistry and Environment and National Environmentalists Association. Her name was included in Marquis Who’s Who in the World (2011). Her research interests are Polymer chemistry, Environmental chemistry, Bioremediation and Phytochemistry. She has authored 11 books and 7 book chapters. She is a Co-editor and reviewer of International journals. She has undertaken projects funded by University Grants Commission, India, Tamil Nadu State Council for Science and Technology, India and Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India. She has published 79 research articles in journals mainly on the wastewater treatment and biomedical applications of Chitin and Chitosan