Industrial Tree Plantations and the Land Rush in China
Implications for Global Land Grabbing
This book analyses the political and economic causes, mechanisms and impacts of the industrial tree plantation boom in China.
In the past two decades, the industrial tree plantation sector has been expanding rapidly in China, especially in Guangxi Province. Based on extensive primary data, this book concentrates on the political economy of the sector’s expansion with a focus on the recent and dramatic agrarian transformation involving the land-labour nexus, the impact on villagers’ livelihoods, the role of the state, and political reactions from below. The book questions the stereotypical portrayal of local communities as the excluded villager. Instead, it demonstrates that this is a much more complex issue with varying levels of passive and active forms of inclusion and exclusion within local communities. While most literature focuses on crop booms for food and biofuel production the industrial plantation sector has largely been overlooked, despite it being one of the biggest sectors in the current rush for land. Filling this lacuna, this book also reveals that while China has traditionally been painted as a major land grabber and consumer of crop booms it is also a destination of foreign investment. In doing so the book highlights how large-scale foreign land deals can also take place in traditional ‘grabber’ countries like China which feeds into the wider debates about global land politics and resource grabbing.
This book will be of great interest to students and scholars of land grabbing, rural development and agrarian transformations, as well as Chinese development.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1: Rethinking the industrial tree plantation sector in Southern China
Chapter 2: The rise of the ITP sector in Southern China
Chapter 3: The role of the state in the expansion of the ITP sector in China
Chapter 4: Foreign investments and their land access in the Industrial Tree Plantation Sector
Chapter 5: Changes in villagers’ livelihoods in Southern China within the rise of ITP sector
Chapter 6: The politics of inclusion and exclusion in the emerging industrial tree plantation sector in China
Chapter 7: Conclusion
Yunan Xu is a Post-doctoral researcher at the International Institute of Social Studies (ISS, The Hague) of Erasmus University Rotterdam. She works for a European Research Council (ERC) Advanced Grant awarded project "Commodity & Land Rushes and Regimes: Reshaping Five Spheres of Global Social Life (RRUSHES-5)". She obtained her PhD degree in development studies at ISS. Her research experience and interest revolve around land politics and commodity rush, and how these have shaped the politics of local natural resource control, food, as well as labour and livelihoods, with the geographic areas both in China and beyond (including the countries involved in the Belt and Road Initiative). She has published in top international academic journals, including Journal of Peasant Studies, Geoforum, Land use policy, Journal of Cleaner Production, Third World Quarterly and Third World Thematics.