Integrated Inductors and Transformers : Characterization, Design and Modeling for RF and MM-Wave Applications book cover
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Integrated Inductors and Transformers
Characterization, Design and Modeling for RF and MM-Wave Applications




ISBN 9781420088441
Published November 15, 2010 by Auerbach Publications
169 Pages 82 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

With the ability to improve performance, reduce fabrication costs, and increase integration levels of both RX and TX sections of the RF/mm-wave front-end, passive inductive components have experienced extraordinary growth in ICs. Therefore, a fundamental understanding of monolithic inductors and transformers has become essential for all process engineers and circuit designers.

Supplying balanced coverage of the technology and applications, Integrated Inductors and Transformers: Characterization, Design and Modeling for RF and mm-Wave Applications provides a complete overview of the design, fabrication, and modeling of monolithic inductors and transformers. It considers the underlying physics and theoretical background of inductive components fabricated on a semiconductor substrate.

  • Deals with both inductors and transformers and their application in RF/mm-wave ICs
  • Focuses on silicon-based inductive components and their performance optimization in RF/mm-wave ICs
  • Provides insight into lumped scalable modeling of both inductors and transformers
  • Covers concepts of system calibration, test pattern parasitics, and de-embedding for on-wafer measurements of passive devices
  • Illustrates practical applications of theoretical concepts by means of meaningful circuit design examples

Highlighting the pressing requirements of the wireless market and evolving communication standards, the text provides a comprehensive review of recently developed modeling techniques and applications. It also includes helpful rule-of-thumb design guidelines and commonly employed optimization strategies to help kick-start your design, fabrication, and modeling efforts.

Table of Contents

Introduction
Organization
References

Basic Concepts 
Basic Definitions and Loss Mechanisms 
Layout Fundamentals 
Passive Device Measurements 
     Calibration Accuracy and Residual Error 
     De-Embedding Techniques
Fabrication and Modeling: The State of the Art 
     Fabrication Technology and Advanced Layout Techniques 
     Numerical and Circuit Modeling

Monolithic Inductors on Silicon
Overview on Silicon Technology 
     Silicon Technologies 
     Fabrication Technology
Substrate Optimization for Inductor on Silicon
     Comparative Analysis 
     Benefits of Buried Layer PGS
     Fabricated Inductors 
     Integrated Inductors for Single-Ended Applications 
     Symmetric Integrated Inductors 
     Inductance Calculation 
     State-of-the-Art Inductance Equations
     Modified Current Sheet Expression for Sub-nH Inductors 
     Inductance Modeling of Thick-Metal Inductors 
     Modeling of Monolithic Inductors 
     Lumped Scalable Model 
     Model Validation

Analysis and Modeling of Silicon-Integrated Transformers
Substrate Optimization of Transformer on Silicon
Transformer Characterization and Analysis
Modeling of Stacked Transformers 
     Lumped Scalable Model 
     Model Validation

Design Guidelines and Circuit Design Examples for Inductors and Transformers 
Application of Inductive Components in RF/mm-Wave ICs 
Inductor Design Guidelines and Optimization Procedures 
Transformer Design Guidelines and Optimization Procedures 
Circuit Design Examples 
     An Image-Reject Receiver Front-End for 5-GHz WLANs 
     A 17‑GHz Voltage-Controlled Oscillator with Transformer-Based Resonator
     A 24-GHz UWB Transmitter for Automotive Short-Range Radar

Inductive Components on Dieletric Substrates
IPD Technology
Inductive Components on Glass Substrate 
     5‑GHz WLAN Module Architecture 
     IRFs and TX Filters in IPD Technology 
Inductive Components on Plastic Substrate

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