1st Edition

Intensive Cropping
Efficient Use of Water, Nutrients, and Tillage

ISBN 9781560228998
Published June 21, 2000 by CRC Press
264 Pages

USD $74.95

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Book Description

Explore new concepts for maximizing crop yields!

Intensive Cropping: Efficient Use of Water, Nutrients, and Tillage is a compilation of current information on the interdependence of and synergies among water, nutrients, and energy in regard to increasing crop performance. This book explains the need for intensive cropping and explores the technologies and practices necessary for proper management of water, nutrients, and energy. With Intensive Cropping you will learn how to improve the quantity of the world's most important crops using methods that will minimize harm to the environment.

This essential guide is a state-of-the-art account of the concepts and practices concerning the integrated use of water, nutrients, and energy in intensive cropping. Intensive Cropping combines basic and applied aspects of soil-water, nutrients, and energy management to help you optimize your crop yields and maximize the efficiency of intensively farmed regions.

In Intensive Cropping, you will explore the need for extreme farming and related concerns and concepts, including:

  • reducing runoff, deep seepage, and evaporation losses
  • supplementing irrigation with surface and ground water
  • understanding the process of water uptake and its effects on root dynamics and water use
  • reducing leaching, erosion, and gasseus losses in your fields
  • using combinations of organic manures, crop residues, chemical fertilizers, and biofertilizers for soil maintenance
  • implementing conventional and emerging tillage systems, such as conservation tillage for improving soil quality
  • examining case studies of contrasting edaphic requirements of rice-wheat systems

    Intensive Cropping brings you up-to-date on recent advances in the field, supported by relevant experimental observations on environmentally safe and effective ways to increase crop performance. By examining this new research on increasing crop production, you will be able to successfully increase crop yields in various climates and support the growing global demand for such resources.

Table of Contents


  • Preface
  • Introduction
  • Chapter 1. Intensive Cropping and Related Concerns
  • Intensive Cropping: A Necessity
  • Trends in Input Use
  • Limitations to Input Use
  • Input Use Vis-à-Vis Sustainability
  • Optimizing Crop Production
  • Summary
  • Chapter 2. Efficient Input Use--Terminology and Requisites
  • Efficient Input Use Versus Input Use Efficiency
  • Terms Relating to Input Use Efficiency
  • Requisites for Efficient Input Use
  • Summary
  • Chapter 3. Toward Efficient Water Use
  • Conservation of Water
  • Integrated Water Use
  • Optimal Allocation of Water Supplies
  • Enhancing Water Utilization by Crops
  • Enhancing Water Use Efficiency
  • Summary
  • Chapter 4. Toward Efficient Nutrient Use
  • Pathways and Control of Nutrient Losses
  • Integrated Nutrient Use
  • Optimal Allocation of Nutrients
  • Enhancing Nutrient Utilization by Crops
  • Interactions with Other Inputs
  • Summary
  • Chapter 5. Toward Efficient Use of Energy in Tillage
  • Conventional and Emerging Tillage Systems
  • Edaphic Needs of Plants: A Basis for Tillage
  • Tillage Effects on Edaphic Environment
  • Tillage and Crop Yields
  • Energy Use in Relation to Tillage
  • Optimizing Tillage VIs-à-Vis Soil, Crop, and Climatic Factors
  • Puddling: A Special Tillage Operation
  • Tillage Management for Crops Following Rice
  • Summary
  • Chapter 6. Toward Sustainability of High-Production Systems
  • Sustainability Vis-à-Vis Production Level
  • Conservation and Enhancement of Soil Quality
  • Impacts on Hydro-Ecology
  • Aerial Environment
  • Summary
  • Chapter 7. Modeling for Efficient Input Use
  • Systems Research - A Holistic Concept
  • Modeling Approaches
  • Modeling of Component Processes in Soil-Plant System
  • Model Applications
  • Summary
  • References
  • Index

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