Interaction of Radiation with Matter: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Interaction of Radiation with Matter

1st Edition

By Hooshang Nikjoo, Shuzo Uehara, Dimitris Emfietzoglou

CRC Press

364 pages | 138 B/W Illus.

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Description

Interaction of Radiation with Matter focuses on the physics of the interactions of ionizing radiation in living matter and the Monte Carlo simulation of radiation tracks. Clearly progressing from an elementary level to the state of the art, the text explores the classical physics of track description as well as modern aspects based on condensed matter physics.

The first section of the book discusses the fundamentals of the radiation field. In the second section, the authors describe the cross sections for electrons and heavy ions—the most important information needed for simulating radiation track at the molecular level. The third section details the inelastic scattering and energy loss of charged particles in condensed media, particularly liquid water. The final section contains a large number of questions and problems to reinforce learning.

Designed for radiation interaction courses, this textbook is the ideal platform for teaching students in medical/health physics and nuclear engineering. It gives students a solid grounding in the physical understanding of radiation track structure in living matter, enabling them to pursue further work in radiological physics and radiation dosimetry.

Table of Contents

Section I

Introduction

Radiation Transport Codes

Basic Knowledge of Radiation

Definitions of Radiation

Electron Volt

Special Theory of Relativity

Electromagnetic Wave and Photon

Interaction Cross Sections

Quantities and Units of Radiation

Atoms

Atomic Nature of Matter

Rutherford’s Atomic Model

Bohr’s Quantum Theory

Quantum Mechanics

Atomic Structure

Atomic Nucleus

Constituents of Nucleus

Binding Energy of Nucleus

Nuclear Models

Nuclear Reaction

Nuclear Fission

Nuclear Fusion

Radioactivity

Types of Radioactivity

Formulas of Radioactive Decay

X-Rays

Generation of X-Rays

Continuous X-Rays

Characteristic X-Rays

Auger Electrons

Synchrotron Radiation

Diffraction by Crystal

Interaction of Photons with Matter

Types of Interaction

Attenuation Coefficients

Half-Value Layer of X-Rays

Mass Energy Absorption Coefficients

Interaction of Electrons with Matter

Energy Loss of Charged Particles

Collision Stopping Power

Radiative Stopping Power

Ranges

Multiple Scattering

Cerenkov Radiation

Interaction of Heavy Charged Particles with Matter

Collision Stopping Powers

Nuclear Stopping Powers

Ranges

Straggling of Energy Loss and Range

δ-Ray, Restricted Stopping Power, and LET

δ-Ray

Restricted Stopping Power

LET

Introduction to Monte Carlo Simulation

Monte Carlo Method

Sampling of Reaction Point

Condensed History Technique

Slowing Down of Electrons

Conversion of Angles

Intersection at Boundary

Section II

Cross Sections for Interactions of Photons with Matter

Coherent Scattering

Photoelectric Effect

Incoherent Scattering

Pair Creation

Soft X-Rays

Cross Sections for Interactions of Electrons with Water

Ionization

Excitation

Elastic Scattering

Stopping Powers

Cross Sections for Interactions of Low-Energy Protons (<1 MeVu–1) in Water

Ionization

Excitation

Elastic Scattering

Charge Transfer

Stopping Powers

Cross Sections for Interactions of Low-Energy α-Particles (<2 MeVu–1) in Water

Ionization

Excitation

Elastic Scattering

Charge Transfer

Stopping Powers

Cross Sections for Interactions of High-Energy Protons (>1 MeVu–1) in Water

Ionization

Excitation

Elastic Scattering

Model Calculations Using Track Structure Data of Electrons

Ranges and W Values

Depth-Dose Distributions

Electron Slowing down Spectra

Model Calculations Using Track Structure Data of Ions

KURBUC Code System for Heavy Particles

Ranges and W Values

Depth-Dose Distributions

Radial Dose Distributions

Restricted Stopping Powers

Section III

Inelastic Scattering of Charged Particles in Condensed Media: A Dielectric Theory Perspective

Introduction

Formal Scattering Theory: The Problem

Born Approximation

Bethe Approximation

Electron Gas Theory

Optical Data Models

Section IV

Questions and Problems

A Summary and References appear at the end of each chapter.

About the Authors

Hooshang Nikjoo is a professor of radiation biophysics in the Department of Oncology-Pathology at the Karolinska Institutet. His research interests encompass computational approaches in molecular radiation biology, including Monte Carlo track structure methods, modeling DNA damage and repair, and a genome-based framework to estimate radiation risk in humans.

Shuzo Uehara is an emeritus professor of physics in the School of Health Sciences at Kyushu University. His research interests include Monte Carlo simulation of ionizing radiation and its application to medicine and biology.

Dimitris Emfietzoglou is an assistant professor in the Medical Physics Laboratory at the University of Ioannina Medical School. His research interests include the interaction of ionizing radiation with biomaterials and nanostructures and Monte Carlo particle transport simulation.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
MED080000
MEDICAL / Radiology & Nuclear Medicine
SCI051000
SCIENCE / Nuclear Physics
SCI055000
SCIENCE / Physics
SCI077000
SCIENCE / Solid State Physics