In our age of globalization and mass migration (where, for example, it is estimated that over twelve per cent of its current population was born outside the USA), the importance of successful communication between people of different linguistic and cultural backgrounds has never been greater. As traditional social and geographic boundaries have given way to increasingly complex representations of identity, new – and urgent – questions for psychologists, social scientists, and policymakers arise.
As research in and around intercultural communication burgeons as never before, this new four-volume collection from Routledge’s acclaimed Critical Concepts in Psychology series meets the need for an authoritative reference work to make sense of a rapidly growing and ever more complex corpus of literature. Edited by a leading social psychologist, the collection is organized into four principal themes: intercultural differences; intercultural conflict; intercultural ideology; and intercultural integration. Intercultural Communication provides a one-stop ‘mini library’ of foundational and canonical work. The collection also includes cutting-edge analyses and discussions of theory and research, as well as major works addressing social intervention and policy implications.
Table of Contents
Volume I: Intercultural Differences
1. R. Bond and P. B. Smith, ‘Culture and Conformity: A Meta-analysis of Studies Using Asch’s (1952b, 1956) Line Judgement Task’, Psychological Bulletin, 1996, 199, 111–37.
2. J. W. Berry, ‘Independence and Conformity in Subsistence-level Societies’, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1967, 7, 415–18.
3. A. Nadler, ‘Help Seeking as a Cultural Phenomenon: Differences Between City and Kibbutz Individuals’, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 57, 976–83.
4. J. G. Miller, ‘Culture and the Development of Everyday Social Explanation’, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 46, 5, 961–78.
5. S. E. Cross, P. L. Bacon, and M. L. Morris, ‘The Relational Interdependent Self-construal and Relationships’, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 78, 791–808.
6. S. H. Schwartz and A. Bardi, ‘Influences of Adaptation to Communist Rule on Value Priorities in Eastern Europe’, Political Psychology, 18, 385–410.
7. H. Spencer-Oatey, ‘Unequal Relationships in High and Low Power Distance Societies: A Comparative Study of Tutor–Student Role Relations in Britain and China’, Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 28, 284–302.
8. H. C. Triandis, ‘The Self and Social Behavior in Differing Cultural Contexts’, Psychological Review, 1989, 96, 506–20.
9. H. R. Markus and S. Kitayama, ‘Culture and the Self: Implications for Cognition, Emotion, and Motivation’, Psychological Review, 1991, 98, 2, 224–53.
10. D. Oyserman, H. Coon, and M. Kemmelmeier, ‘Rethinking Individualism and Collectivism: Evaluation of Theoretical Assumptions and Meta-analyses’, Psychological Bulletin, 2002, 128, 3–72.
11. S. J. Heine, D. R. Lehman, H. R. Markus, and S. Kitayama, ‘Is There a Universal Need for Positive Self-regard?’, Psychological Review, 1999, 106, 766–94.
12. C. Sedikides, L. Gaertner, and Y. Toguchi, ‘Pancultural Self-enhancement’, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2003, 84, 60–70.
13. S. Loughnan, P. Kuppens, J. Allik, K. Balazs, S. de Lemus, K. Dumont, R. Gargurevich, I. Hidegkuti, B. Leidner, L. Matos, J. Park, A. Realo, J. Shi, V. E. Sojo, Y. Y. Tong, J. Vaes, P. Verduyn, V. Yeung, and N. Haslam, ‘Economic Inequality is Linked to Biased Self-perception’, Psychological Science, 2011, 22, 1254–8.
14. C.-Y. Chiu, M. W. Morris, Y.-Y. Hong, and T. Menon, ‘Motivated Cultural Cognition: The Impact of Implicit Cultural Theories on Dispositional Cognition Varies as a Function of Need for Closure’, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2000, 78, 247–59.
15. Y. Y. Hong, M. Morris, C. Chiu, and V. Benet-Martínez, ‘Multicultural Minds: A Dynamic Constructivist Approach to Culture and Cognition’, American Psychologist, 2000, 55, 709–20.
16. H. C. Triandis, R. Brislin, and C. Hui, ‘Cross-cultural Training Across the Individualism-Collectivism Divide’, International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 1988, 12, 269–89.
Volume II: Intercultural Conflict
17. C. K. Staats and A. W. Staats, ‘Attitudes Established by Classical Conditioning’, Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 1958, 57, 37–40.
18. C. W. Perdue, J. F. Dovidio, M. B. Gurtman, and R. B. Tyler, ‘Us and Them: Social Categorization and the Process of Intergroup Bias’, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1990, 59, 475–86.
19. A. G. Greenwald, D. E. McGhee, and J. L. K. Schwartz, ‘Measuring Individual Differences in Implicit Cognition: The Implicit Association Test’, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1998, 74, 1464–80.
20. H. Tajfel, M. Billig, R. Bundy, and C. Flament, ‘Social Categorization and Intergroup Behaviour’, European Journal of Social Psychology, 1971, 1, 149–78.
21. M. Rubin, S. Paolini, and R. J. Crisp, ‘A Processing Fluency Explanation of Bias Against Migrants’, Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 2010, 46, 21–8.
22. M. Hewstone and C. Ward, ‘Ethnocentrism and Causal Attribution in Southeast Asia’, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1985, 48, 614–23.
23. T. F. Pettigrew, ‘Generalized Intergroup Contact Effects on Prejudice’, Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 1997, 23, 2, 173–85.
24. M. R. Islam and M. Hewstone, ‘Dimensions of Contact as Predictors of Intergroup Anxiety, Perceived Out-Group Variability, and Out-Group Attitude: An Integrative Model’, Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 1993, 19, 700–10.
25. A. Eller and D. Abrams, ‘"Gringos" in Mexico: Cross-sectional and Longitudinal Effects of Language School-Promoted Contact on Intergroup Bias’, Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 2003, 6, 55–75.
26. S. L. Gaertner, J. A. Mann, A. J. Murrell, and J. F. Dovidio, ‘Reducing Intergroup Bias: The Benefits of Recategorization’, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1989, 57, 239–49.
27. M. Wenzel, A. Mummendey, U. Weber, and S. Waldzus, ‘The Ingroup as Pars Pro Toto: Projection from the Ingroup on to the Inclusive Category as a Precursor to Social Discrimination’, Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 2003, 29, 461–73.
28. R. J. Crisp, C. H. Stone, and N. R. Hall, ‘Recategorization and Subgroup Identification: Predicting and Preventing Threats from Common Ingroups’, Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 2006, 32, 230–43.
29. S. Husnu and R. J. Crisp, ‘Imagined Intergroup Contact: A New Technique for Encouraging Greater Inter-ethnic Contact in Cyprus’, Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology, 2010, 16, 97–108.
30. L. Vezzali, D. Capozza, D. Giovannini, and S. Stathi, ‘Improving Explicit and Implicit Intergroup Attitudes Using Imagined Contact: An Experimental Intervention with Elementary School Children’, Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 2012, 15, 203–12.
31. C. T. Tadmor, Y.-Y. Hong, M. M. Chao, F. Wiruchnipawan, and W. Wang, Multicultural Experiences Reduce Intergroup Bias Through Epistemic Unfreezing’, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2012, 103, 750–72.
32. W. B. Gudykunst and T. Nishida, ‘Anxiety, Uncertainty, and Perceived Effectiveness of Communication Across Relationships and Cultures’, International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 2001, 25, 55–71.
33. M. D. Birtel and R. J. Crisp, ‘Imagining Intergroup Contact is More Cognitively Difficult for People Higher in Intergroup Anxiety But This Does Not Detract From its Effectiveness’, Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 2012, 15, 744–61.
Volume III: Intercultural Ideologies
34. J. W. Berry, ‘Immigration, Acculturation, and Adaptation’, Applied Psychology: An International Review, 1997, 46, 5–34.
35. R. Y. Bourhis, L. C. Moise, S. Perreault, and S. Senecal, ‘Towards an Interactive Acculturation Model: A Social Psychological Approach’, International Journal of Psychology, 1997, 32, 369–89.
36. A. M. Yamada and T. M. Singelis, ‘Biculturalism and Self-construal’, International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 1999, 23, 697–709.
37. F. W. Rudmin, ‘Critical History of the Acculturation Psychology of Assimilation, Separation, Integration, and Marginalization’, Review of General Psychology, 2003, 7, 3–37.
38. C. Wolsko, B. Park, C. M. Judd, and B. Wittenbrink, ‘Framing Interethnic Ideology: Effects of Multicultural and Colorblind Perspectives on Judgments of Groups and Individuals’, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2000, 78, 635–54.
39. C. S. Ryan, J. S. Hunt, J. A. Weible, C. R. Peterson, and J. F. Casas, ‘Multicultural and Colorblind Ideology, Stereotypes, and Ethno-centrism Among Black and White Americans’, Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 2007, 10, 617–37.
40. K. R. Morrison, V. C. Plaut, and O. Ybarra, ‘Predicting Whether Multiculturalism Positively or Negatively Influences White Americans’ Intergroup Attitudes: The Role of Ethnic Identification’, Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 2010, 36, 1648–61.
41. M. Verkuyten, ‘Ethnic Group Identification and Group Evaluation Among Minority and Majority Groups: Testing the Multiculturalism Hypothesis’, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2005, 88, 121–38.
42. S. Guimond, R. J. Crisp, P. De Oliveira, R. Kamiejski, N. Kteily, B. Kuepper, R. N. Lalonde, S. Levin, F. Pratto, F. Tougas, J. Sidanius, and A. Zick, ‘Diversity Policy, Social Dominance and Intergroup Relations: Predicting Prejudice in Changing Social and Political Contexts’, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2013, 104, 941–58.
43. F. Pratto, J. Liu, S. Levin, J. Sidanius, M. Shih, H. Bachrach, and P. Hegarty, ‘Social Dominance Orientation and the Legitimization of Inequality Across Cultures’, Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 2000, 31, 369–409.
44. J. Greenberg, T. Pyszczynski, S. Solomon, A. Rosenblatt, M. Veeder, S. Kirkland, and D. Lyon, ‘Evidence for Terror Management Theory II: The Effects of Mortality Salience on Reactions to Those Who Threaten or Bolster the Cultural Worldview’, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1990, 58, 308.
45. L. Rosenthal and S. R. Levy, ‘The Relation Between Polyculturalism and Intergroup Attitudes Among Racially and Ethnically Diverse Adults’, Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 2012, 18, 1–16.
46. V. C. Plaut, ‘Diversity Science: Why and How Difference Makes a Difference’, Psychological Inquiry, 2010, 21, 77–99.
47. E. Halperin, G. A. Russell, H. K. Trzesniewski, J. J. Gross, and S. C. Dweck, ‘Promoting the Peace Process by Changing Beliefs About Group Malleability’, Science, 2011, 333.
Volume IV: Intercultural Integration
48. V. Benet-Martínez, F. Lee, and J. Leu, ‘Biculturalism and Cognitive Complexity: Expertise in Cultural Representations’, Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 2006, 37, 386–407.
49. J. Gutierrez and A. Sameroff, ‘Determinants of Complexity in Mexican-American and Anglo-American Mothers’ Conceptions of Child Development’, Child Development, 1990, 61, 384–94.
50. C. T. Tadmor, A. D. Galinsky, and W. W. Maddux, ‘Getting the Most Out of Living Abroad: Biculturalism and Integrative Complexity as Key Drivers of Creative and Professional Success’, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2012, 103, 520–42.
51. C.-Y. Cheng, J. Sanchez-Burks, and F. Lee, ‘Connecting the Dots Within’, Psychological Science, 2008, 19, 1177–83.
52. N. Okoh, ‘Bilingualism and Divergent Thinking Among Nigerian and Welsh School Children’, Journal of Social Psychology, 1980, 110, 163–70.
53. D. C. Carringer, ‘Creative Thinking Abilities of Mexican Youth: The Relationship of Bilingualism’, Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 1974, 5, 492–504.
54. K. Y. Leung, W. M. Maddux, A. D. Galinsky, and C. Y. Chiu, ‘Multicultural Experience Enhances Creativity: The When and How’, American Psychologist, 2008, 63, 169–81.
55. W. W. Maddux and A. D. Galinsky, ‘Cultural Borders and Mental Barriers: The Relationship Between Living Abroad and Creativity’, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2009, 96, 1047–61.
56. P. McLeod, S. Lobel, and T. H. Cox, ‘Ethnic Diversity and Creativity in Small Groups’, Small Group Research, 1996, 27, 248–64.
57. A. C. Homan, D. van Knippenberg, G. A. van Kleef, and C. K. W. De Dreu, ‘Bridging Faultlines by Valuing Diversity: Diversity Beliefs, Information Elaboration, and Performance in Diverse Work Groups’, Journal of Applied Psychology, 2007, 92, 1189–99.
58. C. T. Tadmor, P. Satterstrom, S. Jang, and J. T. Polzer, ‘Beyond Individual Creativity: The Superadditive Benefits of Multicultural Experience for Collective Creativity in Culturally Diverse Teams’, Journal of Cross Cultural Psychology, 2012, 43, 384–92.
59. R. J. Crisp and R. N. Turner, ‘Cognitive Adaptation to the Experience of Social and Cultural Diversity’, Psychological Bulletin, 2011, 137, 242–66.
60. R. Chua, W. M. Morris, and S. Mor, ‘Collaborating Across Cultures: The Role of Cultural Metacognition and Affective Trust in Creative Collaboration’, Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 2012, 118, 118–31.
Richard J. Crisp, University of Sheffield