Interfacial Chemistry of Rocks and Soils  book cover
1st Edition

Interfacial Chemistry of Rocks and Soils

ISBN 9781420091328
Published December 23, 2009 by CRC Press
244 Pages 48 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

Knowledge of the basic interactions that take place between geological materials and different substances is the first step in understanding the effects of adsorption and other interfacial processes on the quality of rocks and soils, and on driving these processes towards a beneficial or neutral result. Interfacial Chemistry of Rocks and Soils examines the different processes at solid and liquid interfaces of soil and rock, presenting a complete analysis that emphasizes the importance of chemical species on these interactions.

Summarizing the results and knowledge of the authors’ research in this field over several decades, this volume:

  • Explores the individual components of the studied systems: the solid, the solution, and the interface
  • Discusses the characteristics and thermodynamics of the interface
  • Illustrates the kinetic aspects of interfacial reactions
  • Examines interfacial processes in a montmorillonite model system
  • Demonstrates transformations initiated by interfacial processes
  • Studies interfacial processes of real rock and soil solution systems
  • Outlines avenues of treatment that may solve geological, soil science, and environmental problems
  • Profiles the most important analytical methods in the study of interfacial processes

Previous books in this area typically focus on selected aspects of the subject, such as the properties of the solid phase, or the interactions of selected substances with soil/rock. This book comprehensively treats the soil-liquid-interface system. Drawn chiefly from the authors’ years of research at the Isotope Laboratory in the Department of Colloid and Environmental Chemistry at the University of Debrecen in Hungary, this book discusses chemical reactions on the surfaces/interfaces of soils and rocks; examines the role of these processes in environmental, colloid and geochemistry; and explores the effects on agricultural, environmental and industrial applications.

Table of Contents

Components of Soil and Rock — Solution Systems

Solid: Soil and Rock

Liquid: Soil and Groundwater Solutions

Interface of Rock/Soil — Aqueous Solutions


Interfacial Processes in Geological Systems: Studies on Montmorillonite Model Substance

Use of Montmorillonite as a Model Substance: The Important Interfacial Processes on Montmorillonite

Cation Exchange: Outer Sphere Complexation

Synthesis and Characterization of Cation Exchanged Montmorillonites

Surface Acid-Base Properties of Montmorillonite

Ion Adsorption on the External Surfaces

Separation of Interfacial Processes of Montmorillonite

Role of Hydrogen Ions in the Interfacial and Dissolution Processes of Montmorillonite

Effect of Complexation Agents

Sorption of Organic Matter on Minerals

Transformations Initiated by Interfacial Processes of Montmorillonite


Interfacial Reactions at Rock and Soil Interfaces

Relationship Between Interfacial Properties and Geological Origin of Bentonite Clay

Migration of Water Soluble Substances in Rocks

Interfacial Acid-Base Properties of Soils

Sorption of Cyanide Anion on Soil and Sediment


Experimental Methods in Studying Interfacial Processes of Rocks and Soils

Analysis of the Solid Phase

Analysis of the Liquid Phase

Study of Interfaces


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