Interfacial Phenomena: Equilibrium and Dynamic Effects, Second Edition, 2nd Edition (Hardback) book cover

Interfacial Phenomena

Equilibrium and Dynamic Effects, Second Edition, 2nd Edition

Edited by Clarence A. Miller, P. Neogi

CRC Press

520 pages | 165 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2007-10-08
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Description

Since the publication of the first edition of Interfacial Phenomena, the interest in interfaces and surfactants has multiplied, along with their applications. Experimental and theoretical advances have provided scientists with greater insight into the structure, properties, and behavior of surfactant and colloid systems.

Emphasizing equilibrium phenomena, flow, transport, and stability,

Interfacial Phenomena: Equilibrium and Dynamic Effects, Second Edition presents a concise and current summary of the fundamental principles governing interfacial interactions. This new edition features updated and expanded topics in every chapter. It highlights key experimental techniques that have expanded the scope of our understanding, such as in mass transfer, microstructure determination in colloidal dispersions, and surfactant–polymer interactions.

Interfacial Phenomena, Second Edition reflects the progress scientists have made in understanding the surface chemistry and interfacial dynamics of colloid and surfactant systems. The book also illustrates the growing applicability of these systems in a variety of fields including pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, detergents, paints, agricultural chemicals, and foods.

Reviews

This updated version remains as relevant and valuable now as did the first edition …

—J.R.A. Pearson, BP Institute, University of Cambridge, Journal of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers, Nov. 2008, Vol. 54, No. 11

Table of Contents

FUNDAMENTALS OF INTERFACIAL TENSION

Introduction to Interfacial Phenomena

Interfacial Tension: Qualitative Considerations

Interfacial Tension: Thermodynamic Approach

Interfacial Tension: Mechanical Approach

Density and Concentration Profiles

Equilibrium Shapes of Fluid Interfaces

Methods of Measuring Interfacial Tension

Surface Tension of Binary Mixtures

Surfactants

Solid-Fluid Interfaces

FUNDAMENTALS OF WETTING, CONTACT ANGLE, AND ADSORPTION

Young’s Equation

Work of Adhesion and Work of Cohesion

Phenomenological Theories of Equilibrium Contact Angles

Acid-Base Interaction

Contact Angle Hysteresis

Adsorption

Density Profiles in Liquid Films on Solids

Characterizing Solid Surfaces

COLLOIDAL DISPERSIONS

Attractive Forces

Electrical Interaction

Colloids of All Shapes and Sizes

Combined Attractive and Electrical Interaction: DLVO Theory

Effect of Polymer Molecules on the Stability of Colloidal Dispersions

Kinetics of Coagulation

SURFACTANTS

Micelle Formation

Variation of CMC for Pure Surfactants and Surfactant Mixtures

Other Phases Involving Surfactants

Formation of Complexes Between Surfactants and Polymers

Surface Films of Insoluble Substrates

Solubilization and Microemulsions

Phase Behavior and Interfacial Tension for Oil-Water-Surfactant Systems

Effect of Composition Changes

Thermodynamics of Microemulsions

Applications of Surfactants: Emulsions

Applications of Surfactants: Detergency

Chemical Reactions in Micellar Solutions and Microemulsions

INTERFACES IN MOTION: STABILITY AND WAVE MOTION

Linear Analysis of Interfacial Stability

Damping of Capillary Wave Motion by Insoluble Surfactants

Instability of Fluid Cylinders or Jets

Oscillating Jet

Stability and Wave Motion of Thin Liquid Films: Foams

Energy and Force Methods for Thermodynamic Stability of Interfaces

Interfacial Stability for Fluids in Motion: Kelvin-Helmholtz Instability

Waves on a Falling Liquid Film

TRANSPORT EFFECTS ON INTERFACIAL PHENOMENA

Interfacial Tension Variation

Interfacial Species Mass Balance and Energy Balance

Interfacial Instability for a Liquid Heated from Below or Cooled from Above

Interfacial Instability During Mass Transfer

Other Phenomena Influenced by Marangoni Flow

Nonequilibrium Interfacial Tensions

Effect of Surfactant Transport on Wave Motion

Stability of Moving Interfaces with Phase Transformation

Stability of Moving Interfaces with Chemical Reaction

Intermediate Phase Formation

Transport-Related Spontaneous Emulsification

Interfacial Mass Transfer Resistance

Other Interfacial Phenomena Involving Dispersed Phase Formation

DYNAMIC INTERFACES

Surfaces

Basic Equations of Fluid Mechanics

Flow Past a Droplet

Asymptotic Analysis

Dip Coating

Spherical Drop Revisited

Surface Rheology

Drainage of Thin Liquid Films

Dynamic Contact Lines

Slip

Thin and Ultrathin Films

SIZE, SHAPE, STRUCTURE, DIFFUSIVITY, AND MASS TRANSFER

Probing with Light

More Light

Diffraction

Diffusion

Dynamic Light Scattering

NMR Self-Diffusion Coefficient

*Each chapter provides an Introduction, General Topic and Text References, and Problems. Worked examples also appear throughout the chapters.

About the Series

Surfactant Science

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI013050
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Physical & Theoretical
SCI013060
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Industrial & Technical
TEC021000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Material Science