Interfacial Properties of Petroleum Products: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Interfacial Properties of Petroleum Products

1st Edition

By Lilianna Z. Pillon

CRC Press

384 pages | 4 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2007-11-28
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Description

With mounting pressure to extract petroleum from oil sands and other unconventional sources, oil refineries must adapt their processing methods to handle increasingly heavy crude oils. Unlike traditional crude oils, the properties of heavier crude oils include higher viscosity, metal, salt, and acid content. This causes their interfacial properties to deteriorate, leading to problems such as sedimentation, foaming, emulsification, rust, and corrosion—all of which make the manufacture, transportation, and storage of petroleum products more difficult.

Interfacial Properties of Petroleum Products examines conventional and non-conventional processing techniques for crude oils and documents their effects on the composition and properties of petroleum products at the oil/solid, oil/air, oil/water and oil/metal interfaces. Focusing on surface activity, the author examines the undesirable effects of processes such as solvent extraction, desalting, dewaxing, catalyst deactivation, and hydroprocessing as well as trace element and water contamination. With each process, the author presents methods for improving interfacial properties, including the use of surface-active additives, demulsifiers, antifoaming agents, and corrosion/rust inhibitors.

A distinctive and up-to-date source of materials published together for the first time, Interfacial Properties of Petroleum Products will help engineers design more cost-effective and resource-efficient processing methods for heavier crude oils, based on the properties of the crude oil extracted.

Table of Contents

CRUDE OILS

Stability

Variation in Composition

Solvency

Effect of Temperature

Interfacial Properties

Oil/Air Interface

Oil/Water Interface

Oil/Metal Interface

Desalting

Petroleum Sludge

Use of Surfactants

CONVENTIONAL REFINING

Petroleum Fractions

Atmospheric and Vacuum Distillation

Crude Oil Types

Lube Oil Base Stocks

Viscosity Index

Solvent Refining of Mineral Base Stocks

Residual Oils

Wax Products

Composition of Wax

Deoiling of Wax

Use of Petroleum Wax

Asphalts

NONCONVENTIONAL REFINING

Catalytic Processing

Use of Heavy Oils

Catalytic Cracking

Hydrodesulfurization

Hydroprocessing of Base Stocks

Thermal Cracking

Bitumen Upgrading

Catalyst Activity

ASPHALTENE STABILITY

Conventional Processing

Hydroprocessing

Thermal Cracking

Coking

 ‘‘True’’ Asphaltenes

Sediment Formation

Reactivity

Storage Stability

DAYLIGHT STABILITY

Effect of Hydroprocessing Severity on Solvency and Stability

Effect of Hydroprocessing Severity on UV Absorbance

Slack Wax Hydroisomerization Process

Use of Hydrofining

Use of Hydrorefining

CLAY TREATMENT

Fuel Stability

Thermal-Oxidation Stability of Jet Fuel

Clay Lifetime

JFTOT Failure

Copper Contamination

Clay Deactivation

Total Acid Number

Bromine Number

FOAM INHIBITION

Surface Activity of Antifoaming Agents

Foaming of Hydrofined Mineral Base Stocks

Effect of Hydroprocessing

High Temperature Applications

Lubricating Oils

Coking Process

AIR ENTRAINMENT

Conventional Refining

Nonconventional Refining

Effect of Antifoaming Agents

Use of Antifoaming Agent Blends

WATER CONTAMINATION

Spreading Coefficient of Clay Treated Jet Fuel on Water

Oil/Water Interfacial Tension of White Oils

Surface Activity of Demulsifiers

Aqueous Foams

RUST AND CORROSION

Effect of Distilled Water

Rust Inhibition

Corrosion Inhibition

Surface Activity of Rust and Corrosion Inhibitors

Effect of Rust and Corrosion Inhibitors on Emulsion Stability

ION-EXCHANGE RESIN TREATMENT

Use of Adsorbents

Basic Ion-Exchange Resin Treatment

Acidic Ion-Exchange Resin Treatment

Thermal Stability

Fischer–Tropsch Process

Index

*Provides References at the End of Each Chapter

About the Series

Chemical Industries

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI013060
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Industrial & Technical