1st Edition

Intergenerational Trauma in Refugee Communities

Edited By Laura Kromják, Ajlina Karamehić-Muratović Copyright 2025
    298 Pages 3 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    This volume explores intergenerational trauma among refugee communities displaced throughout the world.

    Considering patterns and findings across disciplines, cultural contexts, and methodologies, it addresses the manner in which trauma is passed from one generation to the next among populations characterised by a large exodus from specific regions, and communities in which intergenerational trauma can be clearly observed among second-generation young people. With studies of displaced communities around the world, this comprehensive and interdisciplinary assessment of the effects of transgenerational trauma discusses the definitions and concepts of intergenerational trauma, considering the similarities and differences that exist between perspectives on trauma across the generations, and the mechanisms at work in its transmission.

    It will therefore appeal to scholars across the social sciences with interests in memory studies, political violence and refugee and diaspora studies.


    Laura Kromják and Ajlina Karamehić-Muratović


    1. Returning to the Roots: Transgenerational Trauma, Diaspora Community, and the Armenian Pilgrimage to the Lost Homeland

    Konrad Siekierski


    2. Refugee Literary Space: Silences, Intergenerational Trauma, and Resilience

    Shahab Nadimi


    3. Intergenerational Transmission of Traumatic Experiences among Palestinian Refugees

    Fayez Mahamid and Dana Bdier


    4. Victims of the Holocaust, Siberia, Refugees, Veterans - Memory and Choice of Jewish Flight Survivors in Poland (1945-2024)

    Lidia Zessin-Jurek


    5. In the Aftermath of Silence: An Intergenerational Burden of Recognition in Postgeneration Holodomor Survivor Literature

    Elise Westin


    6. “La Sobrevivencia y la Resistencia” (Survival and Resilience): The Experience of Intergenerational Trauma Transmission in Nicaraguan American Families

    Ricardo Phipps and Janethe Peña


    7. Intergenerational Trauma among Refugees in Africa and the African Diaspora

    Mario J. Azevedo and Tiffany D. Caesar


    8. Marginalization as Traumatization: Developmentally Based Trauma Framework for Intergenerational Transmission of Trauma in Somali Refugees

    Muna Saleh and Hyojin Im


    9. The Long Shadow of the Eritrean Independence Struggle: Transgenerational Transmission of Trauma across Diaspora Generations

    Nicole Hirt


    10. The Elephant in the Room: Experiences of Intergenerational Trauma in Second-Generation Bosnian Americans

    Ajlina Karamehić-Muratović and Laura Kromják


    11. German Perversions of Mental Health Care: Male Afghan Refugees, Deportation, and Carceral Systems during NATO’s War in Afghanistan

    Paniz Musawi Natanzi


    12. History, Trauma, and Identity: The Legacy of the Korean War for Korean Americans 

    Ramsay Liem


    13. The Psychological Well-Being of Children in North Korean Defector Families: The Impact of Intergenerational Trauma

    Sang Hui Chu


    14. Learning Refugee Trauma and Politics through Community Arts Organizing

    Phi Hong Su


    15. The Unheard and Unseen Perspectives on Intergenerational Trauma 

    Nora Parr, Wendy Sims-Schouten, Jenny Phillimore, Heather Flowe, Sarah Rockowitz, Laura Stevens, Tamirace Fakhoury and Rana Dajani


    Laura Kromják is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Global and Development Studies, Institute of Political and International Studies, ELTE Faculty of Social Sciences in Budapest, Hungary. She is a Western Balkan area specialist and her fields of interest include reconciliation, inclusive memorialization, comparative peace processes, post-conflict economic reconstruction and EU crisis response.

    Ajlina Karamehic-Muratovic is an Associate Professor in the Department of Sociology and Anthropology at St. Louis University where she teaches health-related and research methodology courses. Her interdisciplinary research is health- and community-focused, with an emphasis on issues faced by minority communities, particularly refugees and immigrants. Her research interests also include mental health beliefs and stigma among Arab youth in the Middle East.