International Migration and International Security
Why Prejudice Is a Global Security Threat
Through an interdisciplinary analytic lens that combines debates emerged in the fields of international relations, political science and sociology, Valeria Bello reveals how transnational dynamics have increased extremism, prejudiced attitudes towards others and international xenophobia.
Bello begins her analysis by tracing similarities between Europe today and Europe before World War II to explain why prejudice is a global security threat and why it is arising as a current global concern within International Organizations. In such a light, Bello shows how changes in the International System and the attack on the UN practice of Intercultural Dialogue have become sources of new perceived threats and the reasons for which new exclusionary patterns have arisen. She argues that both those outcomes have been exacerbating the perceived clash of civilizations and the root causes of different fashions of extremisms. Bello concludes by portraying alternative ways to deal with these instabilities through a partnership of the different stakeholders involved, including both state and non-state actors at global, regional, national and local levels.
International Migration and International Security provides a unique crosscutting angle from which to analyze the current socio-political crisis connected to the theme of international migration that the world is currently witnessing. Bello expertly shows that different paths for the world are possible and suggest ways to further promote Global Human Security through local, national, regional and global practices of Intercultural Dialogue.
Table of Contents
Table of Contents
List of Acronyms
Introduction: From the World to Europe and Vice Versa: An Introduction to why Prejudice Is a Global Security Threat
Part I: The Facts
Chapter 1: Changes in the International System and Consequences in Terms of Mobility
Chapter 2: 9/11: The Attack on the Practice of Intercultural Dialogue and Processes of Radicalization
Part II: The Narratives and the Threats
Chapter 3: The Spiral of the Securitization of Migration and the Mediterranean Crises
Chapter 4: Ordinary Security Threats: Inclusion, Exclusions and the Question Of Security
Chapter 5: Extraordinary Security Threats: Different Fashions of Extremism
Part III: The Alternatives
Chapter 6: Intercultural Dialogue: Towards a Social De-Construction of Terrorism
Valeria Bello is a research fellow at the United Nations University Institute on Globalization, Culture and Mobility (UNU-GCM), Spain. She has also been the founding scientific coordinator of the UNU Migration Network from January 2013 to January 2016. Her research interests concern the role of non-state actors in the area of both migration and interethnic relations and in the fields of international relations and human security.
'Valeria Bello’s book provides an innovative approach to migration. The focus here is on prejudice and its socio-political dangerous consequences. In these turbulent times, a book like this one is really timely and worth reading to overcome a rigid, xenophobic and racist attitude towards migrants, and to develop instead a tolerant approach based upon inter-cultural dialogue.' - Stefania Panebianco, Università degli Studi di Catania, Italy
'This is an outstanding book about prejudice as a global security threat. The approach in this book is very original and innovative, especially in the light of international migratory trends and the current securitization of migration in the International System. We need to know much more about these phenomena – I urge all scholars of migration to read this book. It is an excellent read!' - Christian Kaunert, University of Dundee, UK
'Bello has given a more humane face to human migration. Her observation that securitization of borders have not diminished illegal migration across the borders needs to be seen from this perspective, along with the fact that they are the victims of a system which is beyond their control.' - Global Research Forum on Diaspora and Transnationalism (GRFDT)