People have long been fascinated, not just by the behaviour of non-human animals, but by the problem of how this behaviour is to be interpreted and explained. This is one of two volumes of original essays on the cognitive and emotional dimensions of non-human minds and the relationship of natural minds to behaviour. The essays also address questions concerning the meaning and significance of consciousness; animal intelligence, awareness and emotions; behavioural plasticity, flexibility and constraints on understanding animal minds; and the structure of explanation in the study of behaviour.
Table of Contents
I. EXPLANATION AND CONFIRMATION Introduction 1. Theory and Practice in Naturalistic Studies of Behavior Prior to Ethology's Establishment as a Scientific Discipline, 2. The Study of Adaptation, 3. The Units of Behavior in Evolutionary Explanations, 4. Inference in Social Evolution Theory: A Case Study, 5. Natural History and the Superorganic in Studies of Tool Behavior, 11 . METHOD, ANALYSIS, AND CRITICAL EXPERIMENT Introduction 6 . Neural Positivism and the Localization of Function, 7. Applications of Artificial Intelligence to Animal Behavior, 8. Comparative Behavior and Phylogenetic Analyses: New Wine, Old Bottles, 9. How the Mismatch between the Experimental Design and the Intended Hypothesis Limits Confidence in Knowledge, as Illustrated by an Example from Bird-song Dialects, 1 o. The Influence of Models on the Interpretation of Vigilance, 11. Levels of Analysis and the Functional Significance of Helping Behavior, 1 2. Use of Body Mass and Sex Ratio to Interpret the Behavioral Ecology of Richardson's Ground Squirrels, II I. MORAL DIMENSIONS Introduction 1 3. Domestication, Exploitation, and Rights,1 4. Ethical Issues in Genetics: Cautionary Considerations, 1 5. On Moderation, 1 6 . Sympathy, Empathy, and Understanding Animal Feelings - and Feeling for Animals
Marc Bekoff, Ph.D. (Author)