Changing habits, particularly habits that are self-destructive and unhealthy, is among the most challenging goals of therapists and coaches who work with clients in promoting a healthier lifestyle. The purpose of this book is to "help the helper," that is, to assist the person whose professional mission it is to provide a service that enables clients or patients to acknowledge their unhealthy habits and to replace them with more desirable, healthier routines. It focuses on the power of helping clients identify: (1) the inconsistency between their core values – what they consider most important in life – with one or more unhealthy habits, (2) the costs and long-term consequences of this inconsistency, called a "disconnect" in the model, and (3) their willingness to conclude that the consequences of this inconsistency is unacceptable. At that stage, (4) clients should be prepared to work with a coach in developing and carrying out an action plan that aims to remove the disconnect between the client’s values and at least one of their unhealthy habits.
Table of Contents
Part 1: The Need to Change Health Behavior 1. Explaining the Causes of Unhealthy Habits: Our Self-Destructive Nature 2. Challenges of Changing Health Behavior Part 2: Theoretical Foundations and Support 3. Psychological Benefits of Physical Activity 4. Strengths and Limitations of Existing Theories and Models in Health Behavior Change 5. Theoretical and Empirical Support for the Disconnected Values Model Part 3: Describing the Disconnected Values Model 6. Negative Habits 7. Performance Barriers 8. Perceived Benefits, Costs, and Consequences 9. Values 10. Disconnects between Negative Habits and Core Values 11. Determining and Carrying Out an Action Plan Part 4: Adherence and Compliance to New Healthy Habits 12. Adherence and Compliance to Healthy Habits 13. Steps for Achieving Adherence to New (Healthy) Habits Part 5: Cognitive and Behavioral Strategies that Promote Healthy Habits 14. Defining and Explaining Cognitive and Behavioral Strategies 15. Cognitive Strategies for Health Behavior Change 16. Behavioral Strategies for Health Behavior Change Part 6: Personal Factors that Influence Health Behavior Change 17. Personal Qualities That Promote Healthy Habits 18. Personal Qualities that Inhibit Healthy Habits 19. Role of Spirituality in Maintaining a Healthy Lifestyle 20. Sample Applications of the Disconnected Values Model Additional Readings Appendix A: Sample Client Workbook for Applying the Disconnected Values Model Appendix B: Exerciser Checklist: Guidelines for High Quality Exercise Experiences
Mark H. Anshel is professor emeritus at Middle Tennessee State University in Murfreesboro, Tennessee. He received a degree in physical education from Illinois State University (B.S.) and degrees from McGill University (M.A.) and Florida State University (Ph.D.) in performance psychology. He has authored over 140 research articles published in scientific journals, 14 book chapters, and 10 books, including Applied Health Fitness Psychology (2014). Over the past 15 years, he developed, validated, and authored research articles on the Disconnected Values Model.