4th Edition

Introducing Phonetics and Phonology

By Mike Davenport, S.J. Hannahs Copyright 2020
    282 Pages 125 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    282 Pages 125 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    Intended for the absolute beginner, Introducing Phonetics and Phonology requires no previous background in linguistics, phonetics or phonology. Starting with a grounding in phonetics and phonological theory, the book provides a base from which more advanced treatments may be approached.

    It begins with an examination of the foundations of articulatory and acoustic phonetics, moves on to the basic principles of phonology and ends with an outline of some further issues within contemporary phonology. Varieties of English, particularly Received Pronunciation and General American, form the focus of consideration, but aspects of the phonetics and phonology of other languages are discussed as well. This new edition includes revised exercises and examples; additional coverage of typology, autosegmental phonology and articulatory and acoustic phonetics; broader coverage of varieties that now features Australian English; and an extended Chapter 7 that includes more information on the relationship between phonetics and phonology.

    Introducing Phonetics and Phonology, 4th Edition remains the essential introduction for any students studying this topic for the first time.

    List of tables

    List of figures

    Preface to the first edition

    Preface to the second edition

    Preface to the third edition

    Preface to the fourth edition

    The International Phonetic Alphabet

    1. Introduction

    1.1 Phonetics and phonology

    1.2 The generative enterprise

    Further reading

    2. Introduction to articulatory phonetics

    2.1 Overview

    2.2 Speech sound classification

    2.3 Suprasegmental structure

    2.4 Consonants versus vowels

    Further reading


    3. Consonants

    3.1 Stops

    3.2 Affricates

    3.3 Fricatives

    3.4 Nasals

    3.5 Liquids

    3.6 Glides

    3.7 An inventory of English consonants

    Further reading


    4. Vowels

    4.1 Vowel classification

    4.2 The vowel space and Cardinal Vowels

    4.3 Further classifications

    4.4 The vowels of English

    4.5 Some vowel systems of English

    Further reading


    5. Acoustic phonetics

    5.1 Fundamentals

    5.2 Speech sounds

    5.3 Cross linguistic values

    Further reading


    6. Above the segment

    6.1 The syllable

    6.2 Stress

    6.3 Tone and intonation

    Further reading


    7. Features

    7.1 Segmental composition

    7.2 Phonetic versus phonological features

    7.3 Charting the features

    7.4 Conclusion

    Further reading


    8. Phonemic analysis

    8.1 Sounds that are the same but different

    8.2 Finding phonemes and allophones

    8.3 Linking levels: rules

    8.4 Choosing the underlying form

    8.5 Summary

    Further reading


    9. Phonological alternations, processes and rules

    9.1 Alternations versus processes versus rules

    9.2 Alternation types

    9.3 Representing phonological generalisations: rules and constraints

    9.4 Overview of phonological operations

    9.5 Summary

    Further reading


    10. Phonological structure

    10.1 The need for richer phonological representation

    10.2 Segment internal structure: feature geometry, underspecification and unary features

    10.3 Autosegmental phonology

    10.4 Suprasegmental structure

    10.5 Conclusion

    Further reading


    11. Derivational analysis

    11.1 The aims of analysis

    11.2 A derivational analysis of English noun plural formation

    11.3 Extrinsic versus intrinsic rule ordering

    11.4 Evaluating competing analyses: evidence, economy and plausibility

    11.5 Conclusion

    Further reading


    12. Constraint-based analysis

    12.1 Introduction to Optimality Theory

    12.2 The aims of analysis

    12.3 Modelling phonological processes in OT

    12.4 English noun plural formation: an OT account

    12.5 Competing analyses

    12.6 Conclusion

    Further reading


    13. Constraining the model

    13.1 Constraining derivational phonology: abstractness

    13.2 Constraining the power of the phonological component

    13.3 Constraining the power of OT

    13.4 Conclusion

    Further reading



    Subject index

    Varieties of English index

    Languages index


    Mike Davenport is the former Director of Durham University English Language Centre, UK.

    S.J. Hannahs is a former Reader in Linguistics at Newcastle University, UK.

    'Hannahs & Davenport’s introductory textbook achieves the impossible. In straightforward, accessible language it covers the full range of basic topics that inform modern phonological investigation, from the phonetic properties of speech sounds that are the basis for most feature systems to syllable structure and prosodic morphology. The fundamentals of phonemic analysis are clearly laid out, and different current theoretical approaches are both motivated and critiqued, giving beginning students a thought-provoking taste of the issues that drive modern research in phonology.'

    Laura J. Downing, University of Gothenburg, Sweden