Introducing Phonetics and Phonology  book cover
4th Edition

Introducing Phonetics and Phonology

ISBN 9780815353294
Published March 3, 2020 by Routledge
282 Pages 125 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

Intended for the absolute beginner, Introducing Phonetics and Phonology requires no previous background in linguistics, phonetics or phonology. Starting with a grounding in phonetics and phonological theory, the book provides a base from which more advanced treatments may be approached.

It begins with an examination of the foundations of articulatory and acoustic phonetics, moves on to the basic principles of phonology and ends with an outline of some further issues within contemporary phonology. Varieties of English, particularly Received Pronunciation and General American, form the focus of consideration, but aspects of the phonetics and phonology of other languages are discussed as well. This new edition includes revised exercises and examples; additional coverage of typology, autosegmental phonology and articulatory and acoustic phonetics; broader coverage of varieties that now features Australian English; and an extended Chapter 7 that includes more information on the relationship between phonetics and phonology.

Introducing Phonetics and Phonology, 4th Edition remains the essential introduction for any students studying this topic for the first time.

Table of Contents

List of tables

List of figures

Preface to the first edition

Preface to the second edition

Preface to the third edition

Preface to the fourth edition

The International Phonetic Alphabet

1. Introduction

1.1 Phonetics and phonology

1.2 The generative enterprise

Further reading

2. Introduction to articulatory phonetics

2.1 Overview

2.2 Speech sound classification

2.3 Suprasegmental structure

2.4 Consonants versus vowels

Further reading


3. Consonants

3.1 Stops

3.2 Affricates

3.3 Fricatives

3.4 Nasals

3.5 Liquids

3.6 Glides

3.7 An inventory of English consonants

Further reading


4. Vowels

4.1 Vowel classification

4.2 The vowel space and Cardinal Vowels

4.3 Further classifications

4.4 The vowels of English

4.5 Some vowel systems of English

Further reading


5. Acoustic phonetics

5.1 Fundamentals

5.2 Speech sounds

5.3 Cross linguistic values

Further reading


6. Above the segment

6.1 The syllable

6.2 Stress

6.3 Tone and intonation

Further reading


7. Features

7.1 Segmental composition

7.2 Phonetic versus phonological features

7.3 Charting the features

7.4 Conclusion

Further reading


8. Phonemic analysis

8.1 Sounds that are the same but different

8.2 Finding phonemes and allophones

8.3 Linking levels: rules

8.4 Choosing the underlying form

8.5 Summary

Further reading


9. Phonological alternations, processes and rules

9.1 Alternations versus processes versus rules

9.2 Alternation types

9.3 Representing phonological generalisations: rules and constraints

9.4 Overview of phonological operations

9.5 Summary

Further reading


10. Phonological structure

10.1 The need for richer phonological representation

10.2 Segment internal structure: feature geometry, underspecification and unary features

10.3 Autosegmental phonology

10.4 Suprasegmental structure

10.5 Conclusion

Further reading


11. Derivational analysis

11.1 The aims of analysis

11.2 A derivational analysis of English noun plural formation

11.3 Extrinsic versus intrinsic rule ordering

11.4 Evaluating competing analyses: evidence, economy and plausibility

11.5 Conclusion

Further reading


12. Constraint-based analysis

12.1 Introduction to Optimality Theory

12.2 The aims of analysis

12.3 Modelling phonological processes in OT

12.4 English noun plural formation: an OT account

12.5 Competing analyses

12.6 Conclusion

Further reading


13. Constraining the model

13.1 Constraining derivational phonology: abstractness

13.2 Constraining the power of the phonological component

13.3 Constraining the power of OT

13.4 Conclusion

Further reading



Subject index

Varieties of English index

Languages index

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Mike Davenport is the former Director of Durham University English Language Centre, UK.

S.J. Hannahs is a former Reader in Linguistics at Newcastle University, UK.


'Hannahs & Davenport’s introductory textbook achieves the impossible. In straightforward, accessible language it covers the full range of basic topics that inform modern phonological investigation, from the phonetic properties of speech sounds that are the basis for most feature systems to syllable structure and prosodic morphology. The fundamentals of phonemic analysis are clearly laid out, and different current theoretical approaches are both motivated and critiqued, giving beginning students a thought-provoking taste of the issues that drive modern research in phonology.'

Laura J. Downing, University of Gothenburg, Sweden