Introduction to Biomass Energy Conversions: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Introduction to Biomass Energy Conversions

1st Edition

By Sergio Capareda

CRC Press

645 pages | 191 B/W Illus.

Purchasing Options:$ = USD
Hardback: 9781466513334
pub: 2013-07-09
SAVE ~$33.00
$165.00
$132.00
x
eBook (VitalSource) : 9780429088735
pub: 2013-07-09
from $82.50


FREE Standard Shipping!

Description

The potential that biomass energy has to supplement traditional fuels and reduce greenhouse gas emissions has put it front and center in the plan to replace fossil-based fuels with renewable fuels. While much has been written about biomass conversions, no single textbook contains all the information needed to teach a biomass conversion course—until now. Introduction to Biomass Energy Conversions presents a comprehensive review of biomass resources available for conversion into heat, power, and biofuels.

The textbook covers biomass characterization and discusses facilities, equipment, and standards (e.g. ASTM or NREL) used for analysis. It examines the range of biomass resources available for conversion and presents traditional biomass conversion processes along with extensive biomass characterization data tables, illustrations, and graphical presentations of the various biomass energy conversion processes. The author also describes how to set up a laboratory for biomass energy conversion, and presents economics and sustainability issues. Loaded with real-world examples, the text includes numerous worked examples and problems in each chapter.

No one knows what the price of oil will be next year or in future decades. It is governed by many factors other than supply and demand (politics, wars, etc.), however, whatever the future of energy is, bio-fuels will play an important role. This technical guide prepares students for managing bio-refineries, no matter what type of bio-fuel is produced. It also provides practicing engineers with a resource for starting a small bio-fuel business.

Reviews

"I like the approach the authors have taken in providing an overview and then walking through each process individually. I especially like that they have spent a chapter on sustainability measurement. … Introduction to Biomass Energy Conversions offers a complete picture of the myriad of conversion technologies that are available for Bioenergy and should serve as either a good reference for researchers or textbook for educators. The completeness of biomass conversions processes sets this text apart from others."

––Troy Runge, University of Wisconsin Madison, USA

"This is an excellent book for an introductory level course on bioenergy production. It covers conversion processes of high impact and potential and includes most recent R&D progress in the field. It will also serve as a good entry point for researchers who wish to get into bioenergy conversion field."

––Roger Ruan, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, USA

"Introduction to Biomass Energy Conversions is written for students beginning in the field. The material is well organized and easy to read. Many other books in this area are written as references, easy to find material but frustrating for a student. An instructor will appreciate the end of chapter problems that test a student’s knowledge of the material as well as the list of learning objectives at the beginning of each chapter. Students will appreciate the many worked boxed examples. The material covers systematically the current processes in biomass conversion with a discussion of advantages and disadvantages for each. The greatest strength of the book is the analyses and methods given in good detail, as well as a list of references. The chapter on sustainability is a very important addition."

––Susan Newton, John Brown University, Siloam Springs, Arkansas, USA

Table of Contents

Biomass as Energy Source

Introduction

US Energy Use and Needs

Biomass Energy Usage and Overall Energy Needs in OtherCountries

Future of Agriculture

Advantages and Disadvantages in Use of Biomass as EnergySource

Sources of Biomass Available for Energy Use

Units and Conversions

Conclusion

Problems and Discussion Issues

References

Further Readings

Biomass Conversion Processes

Introduction

Overview of Biomass Conversion Processes

Chemical Conversion Processes

Biological Conversion Processes

Thermal Conversion Processes

Hybrid Conversion Processes

Applications of Biomass Conversion Products

Conclusion

Problems and Discussion Issues

References

Further Readings

Biomass Properties for Thermal Conversion

Introduction

Physical Properties of Biomass

Important Thermal Related Properties

Other Standard Methods for Biomass Analysis

Conclusion

Problems and Discussion Issues

References

Further Readings

Biomass Properties for Biological Conversion

Introduction

Properties of Biomass Important for Biological Conversion

Standard Methods for Analysis and Examples

Summary of ASTM Procedures for Compositional Analysis

Biomass Pretreatment

Conclusion

Problems and Discussion Issues

References

Further Readings

Biodiesel Production

Introduction

Available Oil Production in United States

Vegetable Oil and Animal Fat Characteristics

Fatty Acid Composition

Other Basic Oil Properties

Oil Extraction Processes

Oil Refining Processes

Transesterification

ASTM Characterization

Engine Performance and Exhaust Emissions

Design of Biodiesel Plants in United States

Conclusion

Problems and Discussion Issues

References

Further Readings

Bioethanol Production

Introduction

Sugar Crops

Starchy Crops

Cellulosic Biomass

Biomass Pretreatment Processes

Household- and Village-Level Ethanol Production Systems

Pilot-Scale Ethanol Production Systems

Cellulosic Ethanol Studies

Commercial Cellulosic Ethanol Plants in United States

Conclusion

Problems and Discussion Issues

References

Further Readings

Biogas Production

Introduction

Biomass/Waste Parameters Important in Anaerobic Digestion

Acid- and Methane-Forming Microbes

Advantages and Disadvantages of Anaerobic DigestionProcesses

Biogas Conversion Process and Digester Designs

First- and Second-Generation Biogas Digesters

Design of Biogas Digester

Biogas Utilization

Conclusion

Problems and Discussion Issues

References

Further Readings

Torrefaction

Introduction

Bio-Physico-Chemical Changes in Biomass duringTorrefaction

Torrefaction Products

Physical Properties of Torrefied Biomass

Comparison between Torrefied Biomass versusPelleted Biomass

Thermal Gravimetric Analysis Studies of Biomass

Chemical Composition Changes during Torrefactionof Biomass

Advantages and Disadvantages of Torrefaction Process

Conclusion

Problems and Discussion Issues

References

Further Readings

Pyrolysis

Introduction

Various Pyrolysis Processes Based on Heating Rates

Effects of Temperature on Product Yields from Pyrolysisof Microalgae

Applications of Products from Fast Pyrolysis

Bio-Oil Characterization Processes

Bio-Oil Upgrade Processes

Studies on Pyrolysis of Various Biomass Resources

Conclusion

Problems and Discussion Issues

References

Further Readings

Gasification

Introduction

Chemistry of Biomass Gasification

Various Types of Gasifiers

Applications of Biomass Gasifiers

Gasifier TDR and Throughput

Gasification Studies at TAMU

Conclusion

Problems and Discussion Issues

References

Further Readings

Advanced Gasification

Introduction

Determining Average Particle Size of Bed Material

Minimum Fluidizing Velocity, Terminal Velocity, andPressure Drop in Fluidized Bed Reactors

Operation of 0.3048 Fluidized Bed Gasifier

Designing Dimensions of Fluidized Bed Gasifier

Designing Dimensions of Series Cyclone CharRemoval System

Direct Use of Synthesis Gas for Heat and Steam Production

Electrical Power Production from Fluidized Bed Gasification

Conclusion

Problems and Discussion Issues

References

Further Readings

Biomass Liquefaction

Introduction

Indirect Liquefaction Processes

Direct Liquefaction Processes

Other Biomass Liquefaction Processes

Advantages and Disadvantages of Biomass LiquefactionProcesses

Conclusion

Problems and Discussion Issues

References

Further Readings

Biomass Combustion

Introduction

Types of Biomass Combustion Systems

Co-Combustion of Biomass and Co-Firing with Coal

Power Generation Case Studies in United States

Slagging and Fouling Issues with Agricultural Biomass

Determining Eutectic (or Melting) Point of Biomass AshPellets

Applications of Biomass Combustion Systems

Conclusion

Problems and Discussion Issues

References

Further Readings

Biomass Sustainability Issues

Introduction

Well-to-Wheel Approach

Discussions of Software and Programs for LCA and RelatedBiomass Analysis

Biofuel Economics

Sustainability of Biofuels Production

Conclusion

Problems and Discussion Issues

References

Further Readings

Appendix A: Appropriate Units and Conversion Used

Appendix B: Glossary of Terms in Biomass Conversion Processes

Index

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI024000
SCIENCE / Energy
TEC009010
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Chemical & Biochemical
TEC010000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / General
TEC031030
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Power Resources / Fossil Fuels