Introduction to Criminal Justice Information Systems: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Introduction to Criminal Justice Information Systems

1st Edition

By Ralph Ioimo

CRC Press

335 pages | 97 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2016-02-19
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Description

The proliferation of information systems throughout the criminal justice system has prompted many universities supporting criminal justice programs to add criminal justice information systems technology to their curriculums. Several universities have gone so far as to hire professors with specializations in information technology and to offer criminal justice information systems as an area of concentration.

Introduction to Criminal Justice Information Systems gives an overview of the various software systems and technologies currently used in the criminal justice environment. The book covers a variety of topics critical to each member of the criminal justice system: police, prosecutor, courts, and corrections. It details the current systems in use, how they are used, and how separate systems interact with others. It also suggests how the current technology and the processes built upon it will evolve.

While designed as a textbook to meet the needs of an introductory criminal justice information technology course, Introduction to Criminal Justice Information Systems is also a flexible resource useful to professionals in relevant areas of the criminal justice system. With rapidly increasing development and use of technology in modern law enforcement, this book provides a much-needed reference for those who are responsible for its implementation as well as an essential introduction to those who will become responsible for it. An instructor's manual is available as an electronic download upon request.

Table of Contents

Overview of Criminal Justice Information Systems

Introduction

The Evolution of CJISs

Exploring Criminal Justice Enterprise Computing

Data Warehousing and Data Mining

Workgroup Applications in Criminal Justice Agencies

Current Trends in CJISs

References

Justice Information System Standards and National Systems

Introduction

Hypertext Markup Language

Extensible Markup Language

Uniform Crime Reports

Law Enforcement Online

National Law Enforcement Telecommunication System

Law Enforcement Information Technology Standards Council

World Wide Web

References

9-1-1: Its History, Current Status, and the Next Generation

Introduction

Basic 9-1-1: How It Works

Enhanced 9-1-1

Challenges Faced by the 9-1-1 System

Next Generation 9-1-1

References

Police Computer-Aided Dispatch Systems

Introduction

System Performance Requirements

Administrative Functions

Calls for Service Data Transfer

CAD System Baseline Functions

Call Entry Process

Dispatch Process

Supervisory Function

Administrative Function

CAD Mapping

References

Police Record Management Systems

Introduction

Enterprise Information System

Reference

Police Workgroup Applications

Workgroup Applications

Summary

References

Mobile Computing

Mobile Computing

History of Mobile Computing

Data Radio and Wireless Technology as Transport Mediums

Mobile Computing and Dispatch Operations

Field Report Writing

The Mobile Office

The Future of Mobile Computing

References

Crime Analysis and Crime Mapping

Introduction

The History of Crime Analysis

Intelligence Analysis

Intelligence-Led Policing

GISs and Crime Mapping

Crime Mapping Types

Crime Analysis and Information Technology

Information Technology and Crime Analysis

References

Corrections Information Technology

Introduction

History of Corrections Information Technology

Jail Booking/Intake Systems

Corrections Management Information Systems

Doctors, Dentists, and Nurses

Inmate Medical Billing

Inmate Accounting

Commissary and Food Service Management

Sentence Management

Schedule Management

Jail and Prison Management External Systems Interface Requirements

Integration with AFISs and Mug Shot Systems

References

Prosecutor Information Management Systems

Prosecutorial System

History of Prosecutorial Systems

Prosecutor Record Management Information System Overview

References

Court Management Information Systems

Introduction to Court Management Information Systems

Court Docket Module

Master Name Index

Sentencing and Rulings

Warrants

Electronic Ticketing

Court Minutes

Court Scheduling

Ad Hoc Search Capability

Standardized Reports

Integrated Justice Information Systems and Court Management Software

References

The Challenges of Implementing a Criminal Justice Information System

Critical Success Factors in Implementing Criminal Justice Information Systems

Functional Requirement Specification

Development of an FRS

Development of the Request for Proposal

Implementing the System

The Role of the "Executive" Champion

The Role of the Project Manager

The End User and Managing Their Expectations

Project Planning

Scope Creep and How to Manage It

Test Plans and Procedures

Bringing a New System Operational

System Documentation

Daily Support for Installed Systems

Change Management Ensuring Systems Are Used to Their Fullest Potential

User Groups and Criminal Justice Information Systems

Managing System Growth and Budgeting for Change

References

The Future of Technology in Law Enforcement

Introduction

Driving Forces Influencing Technology Adoption

The Pervasive Use of Video

Further Development of Social Media

Smartphone and Tablet Technology

Collaboration Technologies

Continuing Innovation

References

About the Author

Dr. Ralph Ioimo is an associate professor and the head of the Justice and Public Safety Department at Auburn University in Montgomery, Alabama. He has over 30 years of law enforcement and public management experience and was a deputy chief of police with the Simi Valley Police Department in California. He assisted the nation in establishing the first standardized police records management system and has participated in state and national steering committees on public safety automation. He has lectured at numerous state and national conferences and symposiums on public safety technology issues and has been published in trade and academic journals on a variety of information technology issues. He was the first executive director of the Integrated Justice Information Systems Institute in Ashburn, Virginia. He also uses his extensive professional and academic experience to provide unique approaches to system implementation consulting.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
COM053000
COMPUTERS / Security / General
LAW026000
LAW / Criminal Law / General
LAW041000
LAW / Forensic Science
SOC004000
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Criminology