Introduction to Energy Analysis: 2nd Edition (Paperback) book cover

Introduction to Energy Analysis

2nd Edition

By Kornelis Blok, Evert Nieuwlaar


310 pages | 145 B/W Illus.

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The energy supply and demand system is of great importance for society, from economic, social, and ecological viewpoints. The last decade in particular has seen rapid changes in the world of energy systems, and it is therefore now an important area for study, academic research, and professional work.

This textbook provides an introduction to energy analysis for those students who want to specialise in this challenging field. In comparison to other textbooks, this book provides a balanced treatment of complete energy systems, covering the demand side, the supply side, and the energy markets that connect these. The emphasis is very much on presenting a range of tools and methodologies that will help students find their way in analysing real world problems in energy systems.

Featuring learning objectives, further readings and practical exercises in each chapter, An Introduction to Energy Analysis will be essential reading for upper-level undergraduate and postgraduate students with a background in the natural sciences and egineering. This book may also be useful for professionals dealing with energy issues, as a first introduction into the field.


"Introduction to Energy Analysis provides a wonderful combination of technical detail and broad accessibility to the physical science and economics principles of energy systems design, operation, and impacts. With the exciting evolution of the energy field this is the sort of roadmap to the principles underlying the field that so many experts and non-experts will need." – Daniel Kammen, Professor of Energy, University of California, Berkeley, USA

"Given the rapid developments in the energy sector, this 2nd edition of Introduction to Energy Analysis by Blok and Nieuwlaar is most welcome. The book is suitable for students, engineers and researchers and is hugely useful in my class on Energy System Analysis at ETH Zurich." – Göran Andersson, Full Professor of the Power Systems Group at ETH Zurich, Switzerland

"[In this updated edition] Blok and Nieuwlaar provide an excellent, clear and concise overview and introduction to the key aspects of energy analysis. It is the ultimate and unparalleled textbook for engineering students and others who look for a broad understanding of energy systems, their development, and the methods and tools for their analysis." – Lars J. Nilsson, Professor of Environmental and Energy Systems Studies, Lund University, Sweden

Table of Contents


  1. Energy and society
  2. What is energy?
  3. Energy services and energy demand
  4. Energy use in industry, analysis and management of energy use
  5. Energy extraction and conversion
  6. Energy markets
  7. Exergy analysis
  8. Analysis of energy chains
  9. Life-cycle energy analysis
  10. Energy efficiency
  11. Economic analysis of energy technologies
  12. Potentials and marginal abatement cost curves
  13. Volume, structure and energy efficiency
  14. Energy policies and policy evaluation
  15. Energy models and energy scenarios

About the Authors

Kornelis Blok holds a Chair in Energy Systems Analysis at Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands. He has authored and co-authored over 100 articles in peer-reviewed scientific journals, several books and 250 research reports, conference contributions and other scientific publications. He was a lead author for the Third and Fourth Assessment Reports of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, the organisation that was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2007.

Evert Nieuwlaar is Assistant Professor of Energy Analysis at the Copernicus Institute of Sustainable Development, Utrecht University, The Netherlands. He has more than 30 years of experience in research and education in the field of energy, environmental and sustainability issues. He teaches courses in thermodynamics, energy conversion technologies, energy analysis (introductory and advanced) and life cycle assessment.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
BUSINESS & ECONOMICS / Development / Sustainable Development
POLITICAL SCIENCE / Public Policy / Environmental Policy


Changes in the 2nd edition

The second edition is completely revised, expanded and updated compared to the first edition that appeared in 2006. Most of the topics covered in the first edition are also covered in the second edition, but often in different places. On a chapter and section level, the following Excel file will help you in finding your way in between editions:

Chapters EA OldNew (XLSX 16 KB)

Many new exercises have been added, but most of the exercises in the first edition are also in this edition (often adapted and updated). The following Excel file lists all exercises, whether they were also in the first edition (with their number) and if they were changed.

Exercises EA OldNew (XLSX 18 KB)

Short answers to selected exercises
Full answers to all 140+ exercises are available on the Routledge website for instructors only.
The file below gives you short (final) answers for selected exercises.

Short Answers selected exercises (DOCX 25 KB)

Example examination questions
Example examination questions with full solutions can be found in the file below:

Example Examination Questions with Answers (DOCX 98 KB)

Input/output example in chapter 9
The Excel file with the Input/output analysis example treated in chapter 9:

IO example Chapter 9 (XLSX 13 KB)

Instructor Resources

Instructor guidance

Each chapter in the book ends with a number of exercises. Most of them are quantitative in nature requiring calculations. Many the questions are not closed in the sense that not all information needed for answering is given in the exercise itself. Often it is necessary to lookup data in the book (sometimes elsewhere), or assumptions need to be made. Also note that some questions require (a lot of) repetitive calculations (for example 3.12, 5.11, 7.10, 11.5, 12.6, 12.9, 14.6, 15.6, 15.7 and 15.8). Such questions could best be answered using spreadsheet software like Microsoft Excel or other software.

Some advice for the students:

  • Read the whole question first before starting the answering; sometimes there is relevant information at the end of the exercise;
  • Avoid presenting your answer by only writing down numbers and manipulations with numbers (provide explanation and units);
  • Always keep track of units and present answers with the proper unit; errors can often be prevented by carefully noting the units of the parameters used in the calculations; use the same algebra for the units as you did with your numerical calculations to find out if you end with the proper results including their unit.
  • At the end check whether the answer(s) found make sense, for example that they do not violate the first and second law of thermodynamics.

Downloadable files:
A complete set of solutions to the end-of-chapter exercises for each chapter is available on the Instructor Downloads page

Instructor Resources Download Hub

We hope that this guidance and solutions are useful in your course, and welcome your feedback. Please send your suggestions, comments (and errata if you find them) to Kornelis Blok ( or Evert Nieuwlaar (