Introduction to Engineering Materials: 2nd Edition (Hardback) book cover

Introduction to Engineering Materials

2nd Edition

By George Murray, Charles V. White, Wolfgang Weise

CRC Press

542 pages | 319 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9781574446838
pub: 2007-09-07
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Description

Designed for the general engineering student, Introduction to Engineering Materials, Second Edition focuses on materials basics and provides a solid foundation for the non-materials major to understand the properties and limitations of materials. Easy to read and understand, it teaches the beginning engineer what to look for in a particular material, offers examples of materials usage, and presents a balanced view of theory and science alongside the practical and technical applications of material science.

Completely revised and updated, this second edition describes the fundamental science needed to classify and choose materials based on the limitations of their properties in terms of temperature, strength, ductility, corrosion, and physical behavior. The authors emphasize materials processing, selection, and property measurement methods, and take a comparative look at the mechanical properties of various classes of materials. Chapters include discussions of atomic structure and bonds, imperfections in crystalline materials, ceramics, polymers, composites, electronic materials, environmental degradation, materials selection, optical materials, and semiconductor processing. Filled with case studies to bring industrial applications into perspective with the material being discussed, the text also includes a pictorial approach to illustrate the fabrication of a composite. 

Consolidating relevant topics into a logical teaching sequence, Introduction to Engineering Materials, Second Edition provides a concise source of useful information that can be easily translated to the working environment and prepares the new engineer to make educated materials selections in future industrial applications.

Table of Contents

Contents

Introduction

Metals

Ceramics

Polymers

Composites

Semiconductors

More Recent Developments

Properties and Their Measurement

Introduction

Hardness

Mechanical Property Measurements

Physical Properties

Questions and Problems

Atomic Structure and Atomic Bonds

Structure of the Atom

Bond Types

Inter-atomic Distances

Questions and Problems

Structure of Crystalline Solids

Introduction

Basic Terms and Definitions

Cubic Crystal Structures (Metals)

Ionic Solids

Structure of Covalent Network Solids

Crystal Features

Non-cubic Structures

Summary

Diffusion and Plastic Deformation

Introduction

Points Defects

Line Defects: Dislocation

Plastic Deformation of Single Crystals

Plastic deformation

Questions and Problems

Property Management of Metallic Materials

Introduction

Phase Equilibria

Some Common Phase Diagrams and Alloys

Precipitation-Hardening Systems: Aluminum Alloys

Eutectoid Systems: Iron–Carbon Alloys

Property Management of Steel (Non-equilibrium Processing)

Questions and Problems

Ceramics

Introduction

Ceramic Materials

Manufacturing of Ceramic Products

Properties of Technical Ceramics

Design Aspects

Case Studies

Questions and Problems

Structure and Properties of Polymers

Introduction

Basic Chemistry Review

Polymerization Reactions

Mechanical Properties of Polymers

Temperature-Dependent Mechanical Properties

Composites

Introduction

The Rule of Mixtures

Fibers and Their Properties

Polymer Matrix Composites

Metal Matrix Composites (MMCs)

Ceramic Matrix Composites (CMCs)

Graphite Matrix Composites

Laminar Composites (Arall and Glare)

Sandwich Structures

Fallure of Composites

Questions and Problems

Electrical Properties of Materials

Introduction

Energy Levels, Bands, and Bonds

Energy Bands in Insulators and Semiconductors

Semiconductors

Dielectric Materials

Ferroelectric and Piezoelectric Behavior

Questions and Problems

Magnetic Materials

Magnetic Fields

Sources of Magnetism in the Atom

Ferromagnetism

Optical Materials

Introduction

Refraction, Reflection, and Absorption of Light

Luminescence

Lasers

Optical Fibers

Questions and Problems

Semiconductor Processing

Introduction

Silicon Purification and Crystal Growth

Other Materials and Their Crystal Growth Methods

Wafer Preparation

Wafer Fabrication

Purification of Metals for Metallization

Circuit Elements

Questions and Problems

Environmental Degradation of Engineering Materials

Introduction

Corrosion of Metals

Environmental Degradation of Polymers

Environmental Degradation of Ceramic Materials

Corrosion of Composites

Questions and Problems

Materials and Process Selection

Introduction

General Philosophies

General Criteria

Concluding Remarks

Ferrous and Nonferrous Metals for Special Applications

Introduction

Special Ferrous-Based Materials

Specialty Steels

Cast Irons

Aluminum Alloys

Other Nonferrous Alloys

Iron-Carbon Alloys: The Eutectoid System

Non-equilibrium Processing of Steels

Forming and Shaping of Metals

Metal Joining

Questions and Problems

Comparative Properties

Introduction

Comparative Mechanical Properties

Comparative Physical Properties

Questions and Problems

Index

About the Series

Materials Engineering

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TEC009000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Engineering (General)
TEC009010
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Chemical & Biochemical
TEC021000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Material Science