Introduction to Fluid Mechanics, Sixth Edition  book cover
6th Edition

Introduction to Fluid Mechanics, Sixth Edition

ISBN 9780367341275
Published April 29, 2020 by CRC Press
734 Pages - 522 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

Introduction to Fluid Mechanics, Sixth Edition, is intended to be used in a first course in Fluid Mechanics, taken by a range of engineering majors. The text begins with dimensions, units, and fluid properties, and continues with derivations of key equations used in the control-volume approach. Step-by-step examples focus on everyday situations, and applications. These include flow with friction through pipes and tubes, flow past various two and three dimensional objects, open channel flow, compressible flow, turbomachinery and experimental methods. Design projects give readers a sense of what they will encounter in industry. A solutions manual and figure slides are available for instructors.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Fundamental Concepts

1.1 Dimensions and Units

1.2 Definition of a Fluid

1.3 Properties of Fluids

1.4 Liquids and Gases

1.5 Continuum


Chapter 2 Fluid Statics

2.1 Pressure and Pressure Measurement

2.2 Hydrostatic Forces on Submerged Plane Surfaces

2.3 Hydrostatic Forces on Submerged Curved Surfaces

2.4. Equilibrium of Accelerating Fluids

2.5 Forces on Submerged Bodies

2.6 Stability of Submerged and Floating Bodies

2.7 Summary

Internet Resources


Chapter 3 Basic Equations of Fluid Mechanics

3.1 Kinematics of Flow

3.2 Control Volume Approach

3.3 Continuity Equation

3.4 Momentum Equation

3.4.1 Linear Momentum Equation

3.5 Energy Equation

3.6 Bernoulli Equation

3.7 Summary

Internet Resources


Chapter 4 Dimensional Analysis and Dynamic Similitude

4.1 Dimensional Homogeneity and Analysis

4.2 Dimensionless Ratios

4.3 Dimensional Analysis by Inspection

4.4 Similitude

4.5 Correlation of Experimental Data

4.6 Summary

Internet Resources


Chapter 5 Flow in Closed Conduits

5.1. Laminar and Turbulent Flows

5.2. Effect of Viscosity

5.3 Pipe Dimensions and Specifications

5.4 Equation of Motion

5.5 Friction Factor and Pipe Roughness

5.6 Simple Piping Systems

5.7 Minor Losses

5.8 Pipes in Parallel

5.9 Pumps and Piping Systems

5.10 Summary

Internet Resources


Chapter 6 Flow over Immersed Bodies

6.1. Flow past a Flat Plate

6.2 Flow past Various Two-Dimensional Bodies

6.3 Flow past Various Three-Dimensional Bodies

6.4 Applications to Ground Vehicles

6.5 Lift on Airfoils

6.6. Summary

Internet Resources


Chapter 7 Flow in Open Channels

7.1 Types of Open-Channel Flows

7.2 Open-Channel Geometry Factors

7.3 Energy Considerations in Open-Channel Flows

7.4 Critical Flow Calculations

7.5. Equations for Uniform Open-Channel Flows

7.6 Hydraulically Optimum Cross Section

7.7 Nonuniform Open-Channel Flow

7.8 Summary

Internet Resources


Chapter 8 Compressible Flow

8.1 Sonic Velocity and Mach Number

8.2 Stagnation Properties and Isentropic Flow

8.3 Flow through a Channel of Varying Area

8.4 Normal Shock Waves

8.5 Compressible Flow with Friction

8.6 Compressible Flow with Heat Transfer

8.7 Summary

Internet Resources


Chapter 9 Turbomachinery

9.1 Equations of Turbomachinery

9.2 Axial-Flow Turbines

9.3 Axial-Flow Compressors, Pumps, and Fans

9.4 Radial-Flow Turbines

9.5. Radial-Flow Compressors and Pumps

9.6 Power-Absorbing versus Power-Producing Machines

9.7 Dimensional Analysis of Turbomachinery

9.8 Performance Characteristics of Centrifugal Pumps

9.9 Performance Characteristics of Hydraulic Turbines

9.10 Impulse Turbine (Pelton Turbine)

9.11 Summary


Chapter 10 Measurements in Fluid Mechanics

10.1. Measurement of Viscosity

10.2 Measurement of Static and Stagnation Pressures

10. 3 Measurement of Velocity

10.4 Measurement of Flow Rates in Closed Conduits

10.5 Measurements in Open-Channel Flows

10.6 Summary


Chapter 11 The Navier-Stokes Equations

11.1 Equations of Motion

11.2 Applications to Laminar Flow

11.3. Graphical Solution Methods for Unsteady Laminar Flow Problems

11.4. Introduction to Turbulent Flow

11.5. Summary


Chapter 12 Inviscid Flow

12.1 Equations of Two-Dimensional Inviscid Flows

12.2 Stream Function and Velocity Potential

12.3 Irrotational Flow

12.4 Laplace’s Equation and Various Flow Fields

12.5 Combined Flows and Superpositions

12.6 Inviscid Flow past an Airfoil

12.7 Summary


Chapter 13 Boundary-Layer Flow

13.1 Laminar and Turbulent Boundary-Layer Flow

13.2 Equations of Motion for the Boundary Layer

13.3 Laminar Boundary-Layer Flow over a Flat Plate

13.4 Momentum Integral Equation

13.5 Momentum Integral Method for Laminar Flow over a Flat Plate

13.6. Momentum Integral Method for Turbulent Flow over a Flat Plate

13.7 Laminar and Turbulent Boundary-Layer Flow over a Flat Plate

13.8 Summary


Appendix A: Conversion Factors and Properties of Substances

Appendix B: Geometric Elements of Plane Areas

Appendix C: Pipe and Tube Specifications

Appendix D: Compressible Flow Tables

Appendix E: Miscellaneous



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William S. Janna received his BSME, MSME, and PhD from the University of Toledo, Ohio. He joined the Mechanical Engineering faculty of the University of New Orleans in 1976, where he became department chair, and served in that position for four years. Subsequently, he joined the University of Memphis in 1987 as chair of the Department of Mechanical Engineering. He also served as associate dean for graduate studies and research in the Herff College of Engineering. Dr. Janna is the author of three textbooks, and has taught short courses for the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME).

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