Introduction to Green Chemistry  book cover
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2nd Edition

Introduction to Green Chemistry




ISBN 9781420078114
Published April 5, 2010 by CRC Press
600 Pages - 795 B/W Illustrations

 
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Book Description

In the nearly 10 years since the publication of the bestselling first edition of Introduction to Green Chemistry, interest in green chemistry and clean processes has grown so much that topics, such as fluorous biphasic catalysis, metal organic frameworks, and process intensification, barely mentioned in the first edition, have become major areas of research. In addition, government funding has ramped up the development of fuel cells and biofuels. It reflects the evolving focus from pollution remediation to pollution prevention. Copiously illustrated with over 800 figures, this second edition provides an update from the frontiers of the field.

New and expanded research topics:

  • Metal-organic frameworks
  • Solid acids for alkylation of isobutene by butanes
  • Carbon molecular sieves
  • Mixed micro- and mesoporous solids
  • Organocatalysis
  • Process intensification and gas phase enzymatic reactions
  • Hydrogen storage for fuel cells
  • Reactive distillation
  • Catalysts in action on an atomic scale

Updated and expanded current events topics:

  • Industry resistance to inherently safer chemistry
  • Nuclear power
  • Removal of mercury from vaccines
  • Removal of mercury and lead from primary explosives
  • Biofuels
  • Uses for surplus glycerol
  • New hard materials to reduce wear
  • Electronic waste
  • Smart growth


The book covers traditional green chemistry topics, including catalysis, benign solvents, and alternative feedstocks. It also discusses relevant but less frequently covered topics with chapters such as Chemistry of Longer Wear and Population and the Environment. This coverage highlights the importance of chemistry to everyday life and demonstrates the benefits the expanded exploitation of green chemistry can have for society.

Table of Contents

Introduction
General Background
Toxicity of Chemicals in the Environment
Accidents with Chemicals
Waste and Minimization
Conclusions
Summary of Some Important Points
References
Recommended Reading
Exercises

Doing without Phosgene, Hydrogen Cyanide, and Formaldehyde
Introduction
Preparation of Isocyanates
Polycarbonates
Summary and Conclusions
References
Recommended Reading
Exercises

The Chlorine Controversy
The Problem
Toxicity of Chlorine Compounds
Estrogen Mimics
Bleaching Paper
Disinfecting Water
Chlorofluorocarbons and Ozone Depletion
Chlorinated Solvents
Syntheses Where Chlorine is not in the Final Product
Summary and Conclusions
References
Recommended reading
Exercises

Toxic Heavy Metal Ions

The Problem
End-of-the-Pipe Treatments
Biocides
Catalysts for Reactions Other than Oxidation
Dyes and Pigments
Electrical Uses
Leather
Metal Finishing
Oxidation
Miscellaneous
References
Recommended Reading
Exercises

Solid Catalyst and Reagents for Ease of Workup
Introduction
The Use of Inorganic Supports
Ion Exchange Resins
Combinatorial Chemistry
Other Uses of Supported Reagents
Cyclodextrins
References
Recommended Reading
Exercises

Solid Acids and Bases
Introduction
Polymeric Sulfonic Acids
Polymer-Supported Lewis Acids
Sulfated Zirconia
Supported Metal Oxides
Rare Earth Triflates
Solid Bases
Zeolites and Related Materials
Metal Organic Frameworks
Clays
Heteropolyacids
References
Recommended reading
Exercises

Chemical Separations
The General Picture
Inclusion Compounds
Separation of Ions
Membrane Separations
References
Recommended Reading
Exercises

Working Without Organic Solvents
Advantages and Disadvantages of Solvents
Working without Solvents
Process Intensification
Carbon Dioxide as a Solvent
Water as a Solvent
Ionic Liquids
Surfactants and Cleaning
Coatings
References
Recommended Reading
Exercises

Biocatalysis and Biodiversity
Biocatalysis
Biodiversity
References
Recommended Reading
Exercises

Stereochemistry
The Importance of Optical Isomers
The Chiral Pool
Resolution of Racemic Mixtures
Asymmetric Synthesis
References
Recommended Reading
Exercises

Agrochemicals

The Nature and Use of Agrochemicals
Problems with Agrochemicals
Alternative Agriculture
Lawns
Genetic Engineering
Integrated Pest Management
References
Recommended Reading
Exercises

Materials for a Sustainable Economy
Introduction
Commodity Chemicals from Renewable Raw Materials
Use of Natural Polymers
Polymers from Renewable Raw Materials
Conclusions and Recommendations
References
Recommended Reading
Exercises

Chemistry of Longer Wear

Why Things Wear Out
Stabilizers for Polymers
Lubrication, Wear and Related Subjects
Inhibition of Corrosion
Mending
Miscellaneous
The Future
References
Recommended Reading
Exercises

Chemistry of Recycling
Waste
Recycling
Methods and Incentives for Source Reduction
The Overall Picture
References
Recommended Reading
Exercises

Energy and the Environment
Energy-Related Problems
Heating, Cooling and Lighting Buildings
Renewable Energy for Electricity and Transport
Use of Less Common Forms of Energy for Chemical Reactions
References
Recommended Reading
Exercises

Population and the Environment
The Problems
The Chemistry of Human Reproduction
The Chemistry of Family Planning
Summary of the Problem
References
Recommended Reading
Exercises

Environmental Economics
Introduction
Nature’s Services
Environmental Accounting
Corporations
Environmental Economics of Individuals
Government Actions Affecting Environmental Economics
References
Recommended Reading
Exercises

Greening
Introduction
Individuals
Nongovernmental Organizations
Government
Corporations
References
Recommended Reading
Index

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