Introduction to Materials Science and Engineering: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Introduction to Materials Science and Engineering

1st Edition

By Yip-Wah Chung

CRC Press

304 pages | 212 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2006-12-13
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Description

Our civilization owes its most significant milestones to our use of materials. Metals gave us better agriculture and eventually the industrial revolution, silicon gave us the digital revolution, and we’re just beginning to see what carbon nanotubes will give us. Taking a fresh, interdisciplinary look at the field, Introduction to Materials Science and Engineering emphasizes the importance of materials to engineering applications and builds the basis needed to select, modify, or create materials to meet specific criteria.

The most outstanding feature of this text is the author’s unique and engaging application-oriented approach. Beginning each chapter with a real-life example, an experiment, or several interesting facts, Yip-Wah Chung wields an expertly crafted treatment with which he entertains and motivates as much as he informs and educates. He links the discipline to the life sciences and includes modern developments such as nanomaterials, polymers, and thin films while working systematically from atomic bonding and analytical methods to crystalline, electronic, mechanical, and magnetic properties as well as ceramics, corrosion, and phase diagrams.

Woven among the interesting examples, stories, and Chinese folk tales is a rigorous yet approachable mathematical and theoretical treatise. This makes Introduction to Materials Science and Engineering an effective tool for anyone needing a strong background in materials science for a broad variety of applications.

Table of Contents

Introduction

What Is Materials Science and Engineering?

Fundamental Principles

Atomic and Molecular Bonding

Crystal Structures

Polymorphism

Labeling Directions and Planes

Determination of Structure and Composition Using X-Rays

What Is Next?

Problems

Crystalline Imperfections and Diffusion

Cloudy and Clear Ice Experiments

Imperfections—Good or Bad?

Solid Solutions

Point Defects

Line Defects

Planar Defects

Precipitates as Three-Dimensional Defects

Amorphous Solids

Temperature Dependence of Defect Concentration

Atomic Diffusion

Applications of Impurity Diffusion

Diffusion in Biological Systems

What Is Next?

Appendix: Vacancy Concentration versus Temperature

Problems

Electrical Properties of Metals and Semiconductors

World of Electronics

Definitions and Units

Classical Model of Electronic Conduction in Metals

Resistivity Rules for Dilute Metallic Alloys

Energy Band Model for Electronic Conduction

Intrinsic Semiconductors

Extrinsic Semiconductors

Selected Semiconductor Devices

Electron Tunneling

Thin Films and Size Effects

Thermoelectric Energy Conversion

Electrical Signaling in Neurons: Lessons from Mother Nature

Appendix: Ohm’s Law and Definitions

Problems

Mechanical Properties

Gossamer Condor and Gossamer Albatross

Definitions and Units

Basic Facts

Plastic Deformation

Dislocations

Plastic Deformation of Polycrystalline Materials

Recovery of Plastically Deformed Metals

Fracture

Mechanical Properties, Surface Chemistry, and Biology

Materials Selection: Mechanical Considerations

Biomedical Considerations

Problems

Phase Diagrams

Rocket Nozzles

Phase Diagram for a Single-Component System: Graphite/Diamond

Phase Diagram for a Common Binary System: NaCl + H2O

Phase Diagram for a Binary Isomorphous System: Ni + Cu

Binary Eutectic Alloys: Microstructure Development

Zone Refining

Application of Phase Diagrams in Making Steels

Shape Memory Alloys

Phase Transformation in Biological Systems: Denaturation of Proteins

Application of Phase Diagrams in Making Nanocrystalline Materials

Phase Diagrams for Dentistry

Problems

Ceramics and Composites

Recipe for Ice Frisbees

Crystal Structures

Imperfections

Mechanical Properties

Toughening of Ceramics

Electrical, Magnetic, Optical, and Thermal Applications

Mechanical Properties of Composites

Biomedical Applications

Problems

Polymers

Rubber Band Experiments

Polyethylene as a Typical Polymer

Beyond Polyethylene: Polymer Structures

Common Polymers and Typical Applications

Solid Solutions (Copolymers)

Crystallinity

Mechanical Properties

Crystallization, Melting, and Glass Transition Temperatures

Rubber Band Mystery Unveiled

Fire Retardants for Polymers

Selected Electro-Optical Applications

Polymer and Life Sciences

Problems

Corrosion and Oxidation of Metals and Alloys

Silverware Cleaning Magic

Conventional Example of Corrosion

Electrode Potentials

Influence of Concentration and Temperature on Electrode Potentials

Power by Corrosion: The Cu–Zn Battery

The Hydrogen Fuel Cell

Rusting of Iron

Conditions for Corrosion

Rate of Corrosion

Corrosion Control

Oxidation

A Few Examples for Thought

Common Batteries

Problems

Magnetic Properties

Flashlight without Batteries

Tiny Magnets for Data Storage

Magnetism Fundamentals and Definitions

Diamagnetic and Paramagnetic Materials

Magnetic Materials: Ferromagnetism and Antiferromagnetism

Magnetic Materials for Power Generation

Magnetic Materials for Data Storage

Magnetostriction

Medical, Surveying, and Materials Applications

Magnetic and Force Shields

Problems

Thin Films

Why Thin Films?

Deposition of Thin Films

Structure and Morphology

Selected Properties and Applications

Biomedical Applications

Appendix: Obtaining the Projected Area of Contact in Nanoindentation Experiments

Problems

Bibliography

Index

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TEC009010
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Chemical & Biochemical
TEC021000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Material Science
TEC027000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Nanotechnology & MEMS