Introduction to Materials Science and Engineering  book cover
1st Edition

Introduction to Materials Science and Engineering

ISBN 9780849392634
Published December 13, 2006 by CRC Press
304 Pages 212 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

Our civilization owes its most significant milestones to our use of materials. Metals gave us better agriculture and eventually the industrial revolution, silicon gave us the digital revolution, and we’re just beginning to see what carbon nanotubes will give us. Taking a fresh, interdisciplinary look at the field, Introduction to Materials Science and Engineering emphasizes the importance of materials to engineering applications and builds the basis needed to select, modify, or create materials to meet specific criteria.

The most outstanding feature of this text is the author’s unique and engaging application-oriented approach. Beginning each chapter with a real-life example, an experiment, or several interesting facts, Yip-Wah Chung wields an expertly crafted treatment with which he entertains and motivates as much as he informs and educates. He links the discipline to the life sciences and includes modern developments such as nanomaterials, polymers, and thin films while working systematically from atomic bonding and analytical methods to crystalline, electronic, mechanical, and magnetic properties as well as ceramics, corrosion, and phase diagrams.

Woven among the interesting examples, stories, and Chinese folk tales is a rigorous yet approachable mathematical and theoretical treatise. This makes Introduction to Materials Science and Engineering an effective tool for anyone needing a strong background in materials science for a broad variety of applications.

Table of Contents

What Is Materials Science and Engineering?
Fundamental Principles
Atomic and Molecular Bonding
Crystal Structures
Labeling Directions and Planes
Determination of Structure and Composition Using X-Rays
What Is Next?
Crystalline Imperfections and Diffusion
Cloudy and Clear Ice Experiments
Imperfections—Good or Bad?
Solid Solutions
Point Defects
Line Defects
Planar Defects
Precipitates as Three-Dimensional Defects
Amorphous Solids
Temperature Dependence of Defect Concentration
Atomic Diffusion
Applications of Impurity Diffusion
Diffusion in Biological Systems
What Is Next?
Appendix: Vacancy Concentration versus Temperature
Electrical Properties of Metals and Semiconductors
World of Electronics
Definitions and Units
Classical Model of Electronic Conduction in Metals
Resistivity Rules for Dilute Metallic Alloys
Energy Band Model for Electronic Conduction
Intrinsic Semiconductors
Extrinsic Semiconductors
Selected Semiconductor Devices
Electron Tunneling
Thin Films and Size Effects
Thermoelectric Energy Conversion
Electrical Signaling in Neurons: Lessons from Mother Nature
Appendix: Ohm’s Law and Definitions
Mechanical Properties
Gossamer Condor and Gossamer Albatross
Definitions and Units
Basic Facts
Plastic Deformation
Plastic Deformation of Polycrystalline Materials
Recovery of Plastically Deformed Metals
Mechanical Properties, Surface Chemistry, and Biology
Materials Selection: Mechanical Considerations
Biomedical Considerations
Phase Diagrams
Rocket Nozzles
Phase Diagram for a Single-Component System: Graphite/Diamond
Phase Diagram for a Common Binary System: NaCl + H2O
Phase Diagram for a Binary Isomorphous System: Ni + Cu
Binary Eutectic Alloys: Microstructure Development
Zone Refining
Application of Phase Diagrams in Making Steels
Shape Memory Alloys
Phase Transformation in Biological Systems: Denaturation of Proteins
Application of Phase Diagrams in Making Nanocrystalline Materials
Phase Diagrams for Dentistry
Ceramics and Composites
Recipe for Ice Frisbees
Crystal Structures
Mechanical Properties
Toughening of Ceramics
Electrical, Magnetic, Optical, and Thermal Applications
Mechanical Properties of Composites
Biomedical Applications
Rubber Band Experiments
Polyethylene as a Typical Polymer
Beyond Polyethylene: Polymer Structures
Common Polymers and Typical Applications
Solid Solutions (Copolymers)
Mechanical Properties
Crystallization, Melting, and Glass Transition Temperatures
Rubber Band Mystery Unveiled
Fire Retardants for Polymers
Selected Electro-Optical Applications
Polymer and Life Sciences
Corrosion and Oxidation of Metals and Alloys
Silverware Cleaning Magic
Conventional Example of Corrosion
Electrode Potentials
Influence of Concentration and Temperature on Electrode Potentials
Power by Corrosion: The Cu–Zn Battery
The Hydrogen Fuel Cell
Rusting of Iron
Conditions for Corrosion
Rate of Corrosion
Corrosion Control
A Few Examples for Thought
Common Batteries
Magnetic Properties
Flashlight without Batteries
Tiny Magnets for Data Storage
Magnetism Fundamentals and Definitions
Diamagnetic and Paramagnetic Materials
Magnetic Materials: Ferromagnetism and Antiferromagnetism
Magnetic Materials for Power Generation
Magnetic Materials for Data Storage
Medical, Surveying, and Materials Applications
Magnetic and Force Shields
Thin Films
Why Thin Films?
Deposition of Thin Films
Structure and Morphology
Selected Properties and Applications
Biomedical Applications
Appendix: Obtaining the Projected Area of Contact in Nanoindentation Experiments

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