Introduction to Steels: Processing, Properties, and Applications, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Introduction to Steels

Processing, Properties, and Applications, 1st Edition

By P.C. Angelo, B. Ravisankar

CRC Press

152 pages | 39 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9781138389991
pub: 2019-04-10
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The book briefly describes the structure, properties and applications of various grades of steel, primarily aimed at non-metallurgical students from other engineering streams. The book consists of nine chapters covering most of the important types of steels and their physical metallurgy, microstructure and engineering applications including iron-carbon diagram, heat treatment, surface hardening methods, effect of alloying, specific applications, selection of materials, case studies and so forth. The book also contains subjective and objective questions aimed at exam preparation.

Key Features

  • Exclusive title aimed at introduction to steels for non-metallurgy audience
  • Includes microstructure, composition, and properties of all the most commonly used steels
  • Describes the heat treatments and the required alloying additions to process steel for the intended applications
  • Discusses effects of alloying elements on steel
  • Explores development of steels for specialized areas such as the automobile, aerospace, and nuclear industries

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Iron Carbon diagram

1.1 Iron Carbon diagram

1.2 Slow cooling of eutectoid composition

1.3 Slow cooling of hypoeutectoid composition

1.4 Slow cooling of hypereutectoid composition

Chapter 2 Heat treatment of steels

2.1 Annealing

2.2 Normalising

2.3 Hardening

2.4 Hardenability

2.5 Tempering

2.6 Martempering

2.7 Austempering

2.8 Ausforming

2.9 Isoforming

2.10 Precipitation heat treatment

Chapter 3 Surface hardening

3.1 Case hardening

3.2 Chemical surface hardening

Chapter 4 Plain carbon steels

4.1 Low carbon (or) Mild steels

4.2 Medium carbon steels

4.3 High-Carbon Steels

4.4 Applications as engineering material

Chapter 5 Effect of alloying elements in steel

5.1 Effect of alloying elements on iron carbon diagram

5.2 Ferrite stabilisers

5.3 Austenite stabilisers

5.4 Neutral stabiliser

5.5 Effect of various elements as dissolved in ferrite matrix

5.6 Effect of various elements as carbides in ferrite/austenite matrix

5.7 Summary of carbides

5.8 Dispersed metallic particles

5.9 Non Metallic Inclusions

5.10 Intermetallic compounds

5.11 Alloy distribution in austenite

5.12 Effect of alloying elements on hardening

5.13 Effect of alloying elements on hardenability

5.14 Effect of alloying elements on tempering

Chapter 6 Low alloy steels

6.1 Plain carbon steels (1XXX series)

6.2 Nickel steels (2XXX)

6.3 Nickel-Chromium steels (3XXX)

6.4 Molybdenum steels (4XXX)

6.5 Chromium steels (5XXX)

6.6 Vanadium steels (6XXX)

6.7 Tungsten steels (7XXX)

6.8 Triple alloy steels (8XXX and 9XXX)

6.9 Silicon Steels

6.10 Boron Steels

6.11 Interstitial free steels

6.12 Applications as engineering material

Chapter 7 High strength steels

7.1 Definition and need of high strength steels

7.2 Types and problems in developing high strength steels

7.3 Metallurgy of High Strength Steels

7.4 Applications particularly for automotives

Chapter 8 High alloy steels

8.1 Maraging steels

8.2 Stainless steels

8.3 Tool steels

Chapter 9 Selection of Materials

9.1 Tools used for selection of materials

9.2 Basics of selection of materials

9.3 Case studies.






About the Authors

P.C.Angelo, Ph D, is internationally renowned in the fields of Powder Metallurgy, Materials Characterisation for over 40 years. He has taught, researched and published extensively in the areas of optical emission spectroscopy, optical microscopy, X-ray diffraction, X-ray fluorescence, electron probe microanalysis, scanning electron microscopy and scanning Auger microprobe. Dr Angelo began his career in 1962 as a scientist at the Defence Metallurgical Research Laboratory (DMRL), Hyderabad, India, one of the laboratories of Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO), Government of India, NewDelhi. After 35 years of service he retired from DRDO and joined PSG College of Technology in the Department of Metallurgical Engineering and worked as Director, Metal Testing and Research Centre and as Professor and Dean for 20 years and retired in 2017. His books Powder Metallurgy: Science, Technology and Applications, Materials Characterisation and Non Ferrous Alloys have been well received as textbooks by numerous institutions. Presently, he is Visiting Professor at PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India.

Dr.B.Ravisankar, Professor, Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli has more than 25 years of Teaching cum Research experience. He has contributed a chapter on Equal Channel Angular Pressing (ECAP) to the "Handbook of Mechanical Nanostructuring" published by Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co, Germany. He also published a book on Non Ferrous Alloys, Cengage publishers, New Delhi.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Chemical & Biochemical