1st Edition

Introduction to Transportation Security

    388 Pages 30 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

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    Transportation is the lifeline of any nation, connecting people, supporting the economy, and facilitating the delivery of vital goods and services. The 9/11 attacks—and other attacks on surface transportation assets, including the bombings in Madrid, London, Moscow, and Mumbai—demonstrate the vulnerability of the open systems to disruption and the consequences of the attacks on people, property, and the economy. Now more than ever, it has become imperative for businesses operating in the transportation and transit sectors to develop comprehensive security programs accounting for both natural and man-made hazards and safeguarding people, places, and equipment—while at the same time ensuring operations continuity. Providing transportation managers with the knowledge, skills, and abilities to effectively manage the security of transportation assets, Introduction to Transportation Security examines:

    • Basic theories of security and emergency management
    • The integrated nature of the nation’s critical infrastructure and the threats to transportation in each surface mode
    • Federal agencies working in emergency management and transportation security and their intelligence and response requirements and capabilities
    • The types of disasters that have occurred in the U.S. and selected nations, and their significant economic impacts
    • Cost-beneficial security strategies aimed at preventing catastrophic failures in each transportation mode
    • Effective methods for organizing, testing, and evaluating transportation security across modes and professions

    The book covers all transportation modes and their interconnectivity—including highway, air cargo, freight and passenger rail, transit, and maritime. It presents learning objectives and discussion questions to test assimilation of the material and case studies to facilitate a practical understanding of the concepts. Introduction to Transportation Security provides essential information for students in transportation management programs and professionals charged with safeguarding the movement of assets within our interconnected transportation network.

    Security Theory and Practice

    Safety, Security, and Emergency Management
    Deter, Detect, Deny, Mitigate
    Risk Assessment
    Federal Grants for Transportation Security
    Critical Infrastructure/Key Resources
    Emergency Management Theory and Practice
    Emergency Management, Safety, and Security
    Theoretical Bases for Emergency Management: Terms
    The Four Phases of Emergency Management
    Systems for Emergency Management: ICS, SEMS, NIMS
    Emergency Operations Plan
    Emergency Operations Center
    Training and Exercises
    Federal Agencies and Structures: Surface Transportation Security
    Disasters and the Surface Transportation System
    Department of Homeland Security: Organization for Transportation Security
    Department of Transportation and Transportation Security
    Department of Energy
    Transportation Research Board
    Layers of Security
    Learning Objectives
    Security Elements
    Security Strategies
    Road Transportation—Cars and Trucks
    Components of the Road System
    Maintenance of the Highway System
    Interconnectedness of Roads
    Risks to Road Transportation
    Security Strategies for Roads
    Security Strategies for Tunnels
    Security Strategies for Bridges
    Security Strategies for Cars and Trucks
    Security Strategies for Trucks With Hazardous Cargo
    Road-Based Busses, Livery, Paratransit, Ambulances, and Delivery Vehicles
    Components of Road-Based Transit and Delivery Systems
    Threats to Busses, Livery, Ambulances, Paratransit, and Delivery Systems
    Types of Attacks Against Street-Level Mass Transit Vehicles
    Security Strategies for Busses, Livery, Paratransit, Ambulances, and Delivery Vehicles
    Mass Transit on Fixed Rails and Guideways
    Components of Rail and Guideway-Based Mass Transportation Systems
    Threats to Rail-Based Transit Systems
    Types of Attacks Against Rail-Based Mass Transit Vehicles and Systems
    Freight and Long-Distance Passenger Heavy Rail
    Components of the Freight and Long-Distance Passenger Heavy Rail System
    Threats to the Freight and Long-Distance Passenger Heavy Rail System
    Types of Attacks Against Freight and Long-Distance Passenger Heavy Rail
    Security Strategies for Freight and Long-Distance Passenger Heavy Rail
    Maritime Transportation
    Components of the Maritime Transportation System
    Threats to the Maritime Commerce System
    Crime, Accidents, and Attacks on Maritime Vessels
    Security Strategies for Maritime Transportation
    Air Cargo Operations Security
    Components of the Air Cargo Transportation System
    Threats to the Air Cargo Commerce System
    Security Strategies for Air Cargo Transportation
    Transportation Security, Supply Chain, and Critical Infrastructure
    9/11: A Failure of Imagination
    Katrina and New Orleans: A Failure of Initiative
    Transportation and Critical Infrastructure
    Information Coordination Across Sectors
    Continuity of Operations/Business Continuity
    New Standards for Private Sector Preparedness


    Frances L. Edwards, MUP, Ph.D., CEM, is the director of the Master of Public Administration program and professor of political science at San Jose State University. She is deputy director of the National Transportation Security Center of the Mineta Transportation Institute at SJSU, where she is also a research associate and teaches emergency management in the Master of Science in Transportation Management program. Her current research is focused on the continuity of operations process and its relationship to emergency management in transportation organizations, climate change and transportation, and transportation security.

    Daniel C. Goodrich, MPA, CEM, is a research associate with the Mineta Transportation Institute; an instructor in the Master of Science in Transportation Management program, where he teaches the security for transportation managers course; and a lecturer in the San Jose State University Master of Public Administration program. His current research is focused on the continuity of operations process and its relationship to emergency management in transportation organizations and on transportation security issues, especially related to critical infrastructure protection.

    "Dr. Frances Edwards and Mr. Daniel Goodrich’s Introduction to Transportation Security provides comprehensive coverage of multimodal surface transportation security threats and strategies.  They also present a detailed history and overview of key federal agencies, their origins, evolvement, purposes and organizational structures.  This book is an excellent and much-needed addition to the transportation security student, researcher, or practitioner’s bookshelf."
    —Dr. Yuko J. Nakanishi, Chair, ABE40 Committee on Critical Transportation Infrastructure Protection and Principal, Nakanishi Research and Consulting, LLC

    "This is an important read for all managers in need of comprehensive reference materials on Transportation Security for all modes. The learning objectives, case studies, summaries, and discussion questions in each chapter keep you focused. This is an invaluable tool for both the student or seasoned professional."
    —Herby G. Lissade, P.E., Chief, Office of Emergency Management for the California Department of Transportation – Caltrans, Founder and President of Haiti Engineering

    "Individually, Dr. Frances Edwards and Dan Goodrich possess enormous knowledge about transportation security and disaster management protocols. Together, they are a formidable team. Ever since 9/11, Americans have come face-to-face with the disastrous results of an attack on transportation. However, even with ever-tightening security at airports, American transit and other "open" systems remain unacceptably vulnerable, especially to a random "lone wolf" attacker. What are some of the weapons—including chemical and biological—that can be used against transportation systems? What strategies do organized attackers often take?  How have these attacks been carried out in other nations? How have they affected the local and national economies? What can be learned from them? In this, their latest book, Edwards and Goodrich deliver their expert insights to a new generation of security professionals who face very different challenges than did those who came before."
    —Rod Diridon, Sr., Executive Director, Mineta Transportation Institute

    "Introduction to Transportation Security is the best textbook I have read on transportation security because it is the both comprehensive and interesting. It moves from theory to practice across all modes of transportation … and addresses a full spectrum of issues associated with transportation security. Introduction to Transportation Security is highly recommended for all introductory homeland security and transportation security courses, and would be an excellent additional text for many emergency management and security management courses."
    —Linda Kiltz, Journal of Homeland Security Education

    "The authors of this book are clearly experts in the field of transportation security, and their well-organized work will help security professionals as well as students learn about the transportation industry, how it affects the overall economy, and how to protect it."
    Security Management